1 Lukes Preface. 5 Zacharias and Elisabet. 15 What an one Iohn should be. 20 Zacharias strooken dombe, for his incredulitie. 26 The Angel saluteth Marie, and foretelleth Christes natiuitie. 39 Marie visiteth Elisabet. 46 Maries song. 68 The song of Zacharias, shewing that the promised Christ is come. 76 The office of Iohn.
1 Forasmuch as [Note:  Luke commendeth the witnesses that sawe this historie. ] many haue [Note: [a] Many tooke it in hand, but did not performe: Luke wrote his Gospel before Matthewe, and Marke. ] taken in hand to set foorth the storie of those things, whereof we are fully persuaded,
2 [Note: [b] Luke was not an eye witnesse, and therefore it was not he, to whom the Lorde appeared when Cleopas sawe him: and he was taught not onely by Paul, but by others of the Apostles also. ] As they haue deliuered them vnto vs, which from the beginning saw them their selues, & were ministers of ye word,
3 It seemed good also to me ( [Note: [c] It is most mightie, and therefore Theophilus was a very honourable man, and in place of great dignitie. ] most noble Theophilus) assoone as I had searched out perfectly all things [Note: [d] Luke began his Gospel a great deale further of, then the other did. ] from the beginning, to write vnto thee thereof from point to point,
4 That thou mightest [Note: [e] Haue fuller knowledge of those things, which before thou knewest but meanely. ] acknowledge the certaintie of those things, whereof thou hast bene instructed.
5 In [Note:  Iohn who was an other Elias, and appointed to be herault of Christ, comming of the stocke of Aaron, and of two famous and blameles parents, hath shewed in his conception, which was against the course of nature, a double miracle, to the end that men should be more readily stirred vp to the hearing of his preaching, according to the forewarning of the Prophets. ] the [Note: [f] Word for word, in the dayes: so speake the Hebrewes, giuing vs to vnderstand, howe short and fraile a thing the power of princes is. ] time of [Note: [g] Herod the great. ] Herod King of Iudea, there was a certaine Priest named Zacharias, of the [Note: 1.Chro.24.1. ] [Note: [h] For the posteritie of Aaron was deuided into courses. ] course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabet.
6 Both were [Note: [i] The true marke of righteousnesse is, to be liked and allowed of in the iudgement of God. ] iust before God, and [Note: [k] Liued, so speake the Hebrewes, for our life is as a way, wherein we must walke, vntill we come to the marke. ] walked in all the [Note: [l] In all the morall and ceremoniall lawe. ] commandements and ordinances of the Lord, [Note: [m] Whom no man coulde iustly reproue: nowe so it is, that the fruites of iustification are set foorth here, and not the cause, which is faith onely, and nothing els. ] without reproofe.
7 And they had no childe, because that Elisabet
was barren: and both were well stricken in age.
8 And it came to passe, as he executed the Priestes office before God, as his course came in order,
9 [Note: Exod.30.7. ] According to the custome of the Priests office, his lot was to burne incense, when he went into the [Note: [n] The Temple was one, and the Court an other, for Zacharias went out of the Court or outwarde rowme, where all the people were, and therefore are said to be without, into the Temple. ] Temple of the Lord.
10 And the whole multitude of the people were without in prayer, [Note: Leuit.16.17. ] while the incense was burning.
11 Then appeared vnto him an Angel of the Lorde standing at the right side of the altar of incense.
12 And when Zacharias sawe him, he was troubled, and feare fell vpon him.
13 But the Angel saide vnto him, Feare not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard, and thy wise Elisabet shall beare thee a sonne, and thou shalt call his name Iohn.
14 And thou shalt haue ioy and gladnes, and many shall reioyce at his birth.
15 For he shalbe great in the [Note: [o] So speake the Hebrewes, when is signified a rare kinde of excellencie: so is it said of Nemrod, Gene.10. 9. He was a valiant hunter before God. ] sight of the Lord, and shall neither drinke wine, nor [Note: [p] Any drinke that may make drunken. ] strong drinke: and he shalbe filled with the holy Ghost, euen from his mothers wombe.
16 [Note: Malac.4.5. ] And many of the children of Israel shall he [Note: [q] Shalbe a meanes to bring many to repentance, and turne themselues to the Lord, from whom they fell. ] turne to their Lord God.
17 [Note: Matth.11.16 ] For he shall goe [Note: [r] As they vse to goe before kings, and when you see them, you know the king is not farre of. ] before him [Note: [s] This is spoken by the figure Metonymie, taking the spirit, for the gift of the spirit, as you would say, the cause, for that that commeth of the cause. ] in the spirite and power of Elias, to turne the [Note: [t] By the figure Synecdoche, be sheweth that he shall take away all kindes of enimities, which vse to breede great troubles and turmoiles amongst men. ] hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the [Note: [u] Wisdome and goodnesse are two of the chiefest causes, which make men to reuerence, and honour their fathers. ] wisedome of the iust men, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
18 Then Zacharias said vnto ye Angel, Whereby
[Zacharias is dumme.]
shall I knowe this? for I am an olde man, and my wife is of a great age.
19 And the Angell answered, and sayde vnto him, I am Gabriel [Note: [x] That appeare, for so the Hebrewes vse this woorde (to stande) meaning that they are readie to doe his commandement. ] that stand in the presence of God, and am sent to speake vnto thee, & to shew thee these good tidings.
20 And beholde, thou shalt be domme, & not be able to speake, vntill the day that these things be done, because thou beleeuedst not my words, which shalbe fulfilled in their season.
21 Now the people waited for Zacharias, and marueiled that he taried so long in the Temple.
22 And when hee came out, hee coulde not speake vnto them: then they perceiued that hee had seene a vision in the Temple: For he made signes vnto them, and remained domme.
23 And it came to passe, when the daies of his office were fulfilled, that he departed to his owne house.
24 And after those daies, his wife Elisabet conceiued, and hid her selfe fiue moneths, saying,
25 Thus hath the Lorde dealt with me, in the daies wherein he looked on me, to take from me my rebuke among men.
26 ¶ [Note:  The Angell seruing the Lorde which shoulde be borne, is sent to the virgin Mary, in whome the sonne of the most high promised to Dauid, is conceiued by the vertue of the holy Ghost. ] And in the sixth moneth, the Angell Gabriel was sent from God vnto a citie of Galile, named Nazareth,
27 [Note: Mat.1.18. ] To a virgin affianced to a man whose name was Ioseph, of the [Note: [y] As much is to be saide of Marie, otherwise Christ had not bene of the stocke, nor the sonne of Dauid. ] house of Dauid, & the virgins name was Marie.
28 And the Angel went in vnto her, and said, Haile thou that art [Note: [z] It might bee rendred woorde for word, full of fauour and grace, and hee sheweth straight after, laying out plainely vnto vs, what that fauour is, in that he saieth, the Lorde is with thee. ] freely beloued: the Lorde is with thee: [Note: [a] Of God. ] blessed art thou among women.
29 And when she saw him, she was [Note: [b] Mooued at the strangenesse of the matter. ] troubled at his saying, and thought what maner of salutation that should be.
30 Then the Angel saide vnto her, Feare not, Marie: for thou hast [Note: [c] So speake the Hebrewes, saying that men haue foud fauour, which are in fauour. ] found fauour with God.
31 [Note: Esai.7.14. ] For loe, thou shalt conceiue in thy wobe, and beare a sonne, [Note: Chap.2.21. mat.1.21. ] and shalt call his name Iesus.
32 He shall be great, and shall be [Note: [d] He shall be declared so to be, for he was the Sonne of God from euerlasting, but was made manifest in the flesh in his time. ] called the Sonne of the most High, and the Lorde God shall giue vnto him the throne of his father Dauid.
33 [Note: Dan.7.14,27. mich.4.7. ] And hee shall reigne ouer the house of Iacob for euer, and of his kingdome shall bee none ende.
34 Then sayde Marie vnto the Angel, [Note: [e] The greatnesse of the matter causeth the virgin to aske this question, not that shee distrusteth any whit at all, for shee asketh onely of the maner of the conceiuing, so that it is plaine, shee beleeued all the rest. ] How shall this be, seeing [Note: [f] So speake the Hebrewes, signifying by this modest kinde of speach the companie of man and wife together, and this is the meaning of it: howe shall this be, for seeing I shall be Christ his mother, I am very sure, I shall not knowe any man: for the godly virgin had learned by the Prophets, that the Messias shoulde be borne of a virgin. ] I knowe not man?
35 And the Angel answered, & said vnto her, The holy Ghost [Note: [g] That is, the holy Ghost shall cause thee to conceiue by his mightie power. ] shall come vpon thee, and the power of the most High shall ouershadowe thee: therefore also that [Note: [h] That pure thing and voide of all spotte of vncleannesse: for hee that was to take away sinne, must needes be voide of sinne. ] holy thing which shall bee borne of thee, shall be [Note: [i] Declared, and shewed to the worlde, to be the Sonne of God. ] called the Sonne of God.
36 And behold, thy [Note: [k] Though Elisabet were of the tribe of Leui, yet she might be Maries cosin: for whereas it was forbidden by the Lawe, for maidens to be maried to men of other tribes, this coulde not let, but that the Leuites might take them wiues out of any tribe: for the Leuites had no portion allotted them, when the lande was deuided among the people. ] cousin Elisabet, she hath also conceiued a sonne in her olde age: and this is her [Note: [l] This is nowe the sixt moneth from the time when shee conceiued. ] sixt moneth, which was called barren.
37 For with God shall nothing be vnpossible.
38 Then Marie said, Behold the seruant of the Lord: be it vnto me according to thy woorde. So the Angel departed from her.
[The song of Marie.]
39 ¶ [Note:  Elisabet being great with childe of Iohn, and Marie with Christ, by the inspiration of the holy Ghost, doe reioyce eche for other. ] And Marie arose in those daies, & went into ye [Note: [m] Which is on the South side of Hierusalem. ] hil countrey with hast to a [Note: [n] That is to say, Hebrou: which was in times past called Cariatharbe: which was one of the Townes, that were giuen to the Leuites, in the tribe of Iuda, and is saide to be in the mountaines of Iuda, Ios. 14.15.& 21.11. ] citie of Iuda,
40 And entred into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabet.
41 And it came to passe, as Elisabet heard the salutation of Marie, the babe [Note: [o] This was no ordinarie, nor vsuall kinde of moouing. ] sprang in her bellie, and Elisabet was filled with the holy Ghost.
42 And she cried with a loud voice, and saide, Blessed art thou among women, because [Note: [p] Christ is blessed, in respect of his humanitie. ] the fruit of thy wombe is blessed.
43 And whence commeth this to mee, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?
44 For loe, assoone as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine eares, the babe sprang in my bellie for ioye,
45 And blessed is shee that beleeued: for those things shall be perfourmed, which were tolde her from the Lord.
46 [Note:  Christ the redeemer of the afflicted, and reuenger of the proude, of long time promised to the fathers, is nowe at length exhibited in deede. ] Then Marie sayde, My soule magnifieth the Lorde,
47 And my spirite reioyceth in God my Sauiour.
48 For hee hath [Note: [q] Hath freely and graciously loued. ] looked on the [Note: [r] Word for word, My basenesse that is, my base estate: so that the Virgin vanteth not her deserts, but the grace of God. ] poore degree of his seruaunt: for beholde, from henceforth shall all ages call me blessed,
49 Because hee that is mightie, hath done for me great things, and holy is his Name.
50 And his mercie is from generation to generation on them [Note: [s] To them that liue godly and religiously, so speake the Hebrewes. ] that feare him.
51 [Note: Esai 51.9. psal.33.10. ] Hee hath shewed strength wt his [Note: [t] This is an heaping vp of woordes more then needes, which the Hebrues vse very much, and the arme is taken for strength. ] arme: [Note: Esai 29.15. ] hee hath [Note: [u] Euen as the winde doeth the chaffe. ] scattered the proude in the [Note: [x] He hath scattered them, and the imagination of their hearts: or by and through the imagination of their owne hearts: so that their wicked counsell turned to their owne destruction. ] imagination of their hearts.
52 [Note: 1.Sam.2.6. ] Hee hath [Note: [y] The mightie and rich men. ] put downe the mighty from their seates, and exalted them of [Note: [z] Such, as none accompt is made of, and are vile in mens eyes, which are in deede the poore in spirit, that is, such as chalenge nothing to themselues, in the sight of God. ] lowe degree.
53 [Note: Psal.34.10. ] Hee hath filled the [Note: [a] Them that are brought to extreme pouertie. ] hungrie with good things, and sent away the rich emptie.
54 [Note: [b] He hath holpen vp Israel with his arme, being cleane cast downe. ] [Note: Esai 30.18. & 41.8.& 54.5. iere.31.3,20. ] Hee hath vpholden Israel his seruaunt to be mindefull of his mercie
55 ( [Note: Gen.17.19.& 22.17. psal.132.11. ] As hee hath [Note: [c] Promised. ] spoken to our fathers, to wit, to Abraham, and his seede) for euer.
56 ¶ And Marie abode with her about three moneths: after, shee returned to her owne house.
57 ¶ [Note:  Iohns natiuitie is set out with newe miracles. ] Nowe Elisabets time was fulfilled, that shee should be deliuered, and shee brought foorth a sonne.
58 And her neighbours, and cousins heard tell howe the Lorde had shewed his great mercie vpon her, and they [Note: Verse 14. ] reioyced with her.
59 And it was so that on the eight day they came to circumcise the babe, and called him Zacharias after the name of his father.
60 But his mother answered, and saide, Not so, but he shalbe called Iohn.
61 And they saide vnto her, There is none of thy kindred, that is named with this name.
62 Then they made signes to his father, howe he would haue him called.
63 So hee asked for writing tables, and wrote, saying, His name is Iohn, and they marueiled all.
64 And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue, [Note: was restored to it former state, is read in some copies. ] and he spake and praised God.
65 Then feare came on all them that dwelt neere vnto them, and all [Note: [d] All this that was sayde and done. ] these woordes were noised abroade throughout all the hill countrey of Iudea.
66 And al they that heard them, [Note: [e] Thought vpon them diligently and earnestly, and as it were, printed them in their hearts. ] laid them vp in their hearts, saying, What maner childe shall this be! and the [Note: [f] That is, the present fauour of God, and a singular kinde of vertue appeared in him. ] hand of the Lord was with him.
67 [Note:  Iohn yet scarse borne, by the authoritie of the holy Ghost, is appointed to his office. ] Then his father Zacharias was filled with the holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,
68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, because he hath [Note: [g] That hee hath shewed himselfe mindefull of his people, in so much that he came downe from heauen himselfe, to visite vs in person, and to redeeme vs. ] visited [Note: Chap.2.30. mat.1.21. ] and [Note: [h] Hath paied the raunsome, that is to say, the price of our redemption. ] redeemed his people,
69 [Note: Psal.132.18. ] And hath raised vp the [Note: [i] This word Horne, in the Hebrewe tongue signifieth might, and it is a Metaphore, taken from beastes, that fight with their hornes: And by raising vp the might of Israel, is meant, that the kingdome of Israel was defended, and the enemies thereof laide on the grounde, euen then when the strength of Israel seemed to be vtterly decaied. ] horne of saluation vnto vs, in the house of his seruant Dauid,
70 [Note: Iere.23 6. & 30.10. ] As he spake by ye mouth of his holy Prophets, which were since the world began, saying,
71 That he would sende vs deliuerance fro our enemies, and from the hands of all that hate vs,
72 That he might shewe mercie towards our fathers, and [Note: [k] Declare in deede that he was mindfull. ] remember his holy couenant,
73 [Note: Gen.22.16. iere.31.33. hebr.6.13,17. ] And the othe which he sware to our father Abraham.
74 Which was, that he would graunt vnto vs, that we being deliuered out of the handes of our enemies, should serue him without feare,
75 All the daies of our life, in [Note: 1.Pet.1.15. ] holinesse and righteousnesse [Note: [l] To Gods good liking. ] before him.
76 And thou, [Note: [m] Though thou be at this present neuer so litle. ] babe, shalt be called the Prophet of the most High: for thou shalt goe before the face of the Lord, to prepare his waies,
77 And to [Note: [n] Open the way. ] giue knowledge of saluation vnto his people, by the [Note: [o] Forgiuenesse of sinnes, is the meanes whereby God saueth vs, Rom.4.7. ] remission of their sinnes,
78 Through ye tender mercy of our God, wherby [Note: Zach.3.8. & 6.12. mal.4.2. ] the [Note: [p] Or bud, or branch, he alludeth vnto the places in Iere.23.5. Zach.3.8. & 6.12. and he is called a bud from an high, that is, sent from God vnto vs, and not as other buddes which bud out of the earth. ] day spring from an hie hath visited vs,
79 To giue light to them that sit in darknes, and in the shadow of death, & to guide our feete into the way of [Note: [q] Into the way which leadeth vs to true happinesse. ] peace.
80 And the childe grewe, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the wildernesse, til the day came that he should shewe him selfe vnto Israel.
1 Augustus Cesar taxeth all the worlde. 7 Christ is borne. 13 The Angels song. 21 Christ is circumcised. 22 Marie purified. 28 Simeon taketh Christ in his armes. 29 His song. 36 Anna the Prophetesse. 40 The childe Christ. 46 Iesus disputeth with the doctours.
1 And [Note:  Christ the sonne of God taking vpon him the forme of a seruaunt, and making him selfe of no reputation, is poorely borne in a stable: and by the meanes of Augustus the mightiest prince in the world, (thinking nothing lesse) hath his cradle prepared in Bethleem, as the Prophets forewarned. ] it came to passe in those daies, yt there came a decree from Augustus Cesar, that all the [Note: [a] So farre as the Empire of the Romanes did stretch. ] world should be [Note: [b] That is, the inhabitants of euery citie shoulde haue their names taken, and their goods rated at a certaine valew, that the Emperour might vnderstand, howe rich euery countrey, citie, familie, and house was. ] taxed.
2 (This first taxing was made when Cyrenius was gouernour of Syria.)
3 Therefore went all to be taxed, euery man to his owne Citie.
4 And Ioseph also went vp from Galile out of a citie called Nazareth, into Iudea, vnto the [Note: [c] Which Dauid was borne, and brought vp in. ] citie of [Note: Iohn 7.42. ] Dauid, which is called Beth-leem (because he was of the house and linage of Dauid,)
5 To bee taxed with Marie that was giuen him to wife, which was with childe.
6 ¶ And so it was, that while they were there, the daies were accomplished that shee shoulde be deliuered,
7 And she brought foorth her first begotten sonne, and wrapped him in swadling clothes, and laide him in a cratch, because there was no roome for them in the ynne.
8 ¶ [Note:  The Angels them selues declare to poore shepheards (nothing regarding the pride of the mightie) the Godhead and office of the childe lying in the crib. ] And there were in the same countrey shepheards, [Note: [d] Lodging without doores, and open in the aire. ] abiding in the fielde, and keeping watch by night ouer their flocke.
9 And loe, the Angel of the Lord [Note: [e] Came suddenly vpon them, when they thought of no such matter. ] came vpon them, and the glorie of the Lord shone about them, and they were sore afraide.
10 Then the Angel saide vnto them, Be not afraid: for behold, I bring you glad tidings of great ioy, that shalbe to all the people,
11 That is, that vnto you is borne this day in the citie of Dauid, a Sauiour, which is Christ the Lorde.
12 And this shalbe a signe to you, Yee shall finde the babe swadled, and laid in a cratch.
13 And straightway there was with the Angel [Note: [f] Whole armies of Angels, which compasse the Maiestie of God rounde about, as it were souldiers. ] a multitude of heauenly souldiers, praising God, and saying,
14 Glory be to God in the high heauens, and peace in earth, and towards men [Note: [g] Gods readie, good, infinite, and gracious fauour towards men. ] good will.
15 And it came to passe whe the Angels were gone away from them into heauen, that the shepheards sayde one to another, Let vs goe then vnto Beth-leem, and see this thing that is come to passe which the Lord hath shewed vnto vs.
16 So they came with haste, and founde both Marie and Ioseph, & the babe laid in the cratch.
17 And when they had seene it, they published abroade the thing, that was tolde them of that childe.
18 And all that heard it, wondred at ye things which were tolde them of the shepheards.
19 But Mary kept all those sayings, and pondred them in her heart.
20 And the shepheardes returned glorifiyng and praising God, for all that they had heard and seene as it was spoken vnto them.
21 ¶ [Note: Gen.17.11. leuit.12.3. iohn 7.22. ] [Note:  Christ the head of the Church, made subiect to the Lawe, to deliuer vs from the curse of the Lawe, (as the Name of Iesus doth wel declare) being circumcised, doeth ratifie and seale in his owne flesh, the circumcision of the fathers. ] And when the eight daies were accomplished, that they shoulde circumcise the childe, his name was then called [Note: Chap.1.31. mat.1.21. ] Iesus, which was named of the Angell, before he was conceiued in the wombe.
22 [Note: Leuit.12.6. ] [Note:  Christ, vpon who all our sinnes were laide, being offered to God, according to the lawe, doeth purifie both Marie, and vs all, in him selfe. ] And when the daies of [Note: [h] This is meant, for the fulfilling of the Law: for otherwise the Virgin was not defiled, nor vncleane, by the birth of this childe. ] her purification after the Lawe of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Hierusalem, to present him to the Lord,
23 (As it is written in the Lawe of the Lorde, [Note: Exod.13.2. num.8.16. ] Euery man childe that first openeth ye wombe, shalbe called holy to the Lord)
24 And to giue an oblation, [Note: Leuit.12.6. ] as it is commanded in the Lawe of the Lorde, a paire of turtle doues, or two yong pigeons.
25 [Note:  Simeon doeth openly in the Temple foretell the deafe, of the comming of Messias, of the casting out of the greatest part of Israel, and of the calling of the Gentiles. ] And behold, there was a man in Hierusalem, whose name was Simeon: this man was iust, and feared God, and waited for the consolation of Israel, and the [Note: [i] He was indued with the giftes of the holy Ghost, and this is spoken by the figure Metonymie. ] holy Ghost was vpon him.
26 And it was declared to him from God by the holy Ghost, that he shoulde not see death, before he had seene that Anointed of the Lord.
27 And he came by the motion of the spirit into the Temple, and when the [Note: [k] Ioseph and Marie: and so he speaketh as it was commonly taken. ] parents brought in the babe Iesus, to do for him after the custome of the Lawe,
28 Then hee tooke him in his armes, and praised God, and sayd,
29 Lorde, nowe [Note: [l] Lettest me depart out of this life, to bee ioyned to my fathers. ] lettest thou thy seruaunt depart in peace, according to thy [Note: [m] As thou promisedst mee. ] woorde,
30 For [Note: [n] That is, for I haue seene with my very eyes: for he sawe before in minde, as it is sayde of Abraham, He sawe my day, and reioyced. ] mine eyes haue seene thy [Note: [o] That, wherein thy saluation is conteined. ] saluation,
[Annas testimonie of Christ.]
31 Which thou hast prepared [Note: [p] As a signe set vp in an hie place, for all men to looke vpon. ] before the face of all people,
32 A light to be reueiled to the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
33 And Ioseph and his mother marueiled at those things, which were spoken touching him.
34 And Simeon blessed them, and saide vnto Mary his mother, Beholde, this childe is [Note: [q] Is appointed, and set of God for a marke. ] appointed for the [Note: Esai.8.14. rom.9.32. 1.pet.2.8. ] [Note: [r] Fall of the reprobate, which perish through their owne default: and for the rising of the elect, vnto whom God shall giue faith to beleeue. ] fall and rising againe of many in Israel, and for a [Note: [s] That is, a marke, which all men shall striue earnestly to hit. ] signe which shalbe spoken against,
35 (Yea and a sworde shall [Note: [t] Shall wound and grieue most sharpely. ] pearce through thy soule) that the thoughts of many heartes may be opened.
36 [Note:  An other witnesse beside Simeon, against whome no exception may be brought, inuiting all men, to the receiuing of the Messias. ] And there was a Prophetesse, one Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser, which was of a great age, after she had liued with an husband seuen yeeres from her virginitie:
37 And she was widowe about foure score and foure yeeres, and went not out of the Temple, but serued God with fastings & prayers, night and day.
38 She then coming at the same instant vpon them, confessed likewise the Lord, & spake of him to all that looked for redemption in Hierusalem.
39 And when they had performed all thinges according to the lawe of the Lorde, they returned into Galile to their owne citie Nazareth.
40 And the childe grewe, and waxed strong in Spirit, [Note: [u] As Christ grew vp in age, so the vertue of his Godhead shewed it selfe more and more. ] and was filled with wisedome, and the grace of God was with him.
41 ¶ [Note:  The Scribes and Pharises are stirred vp, to heare the wisdome of Christ in his time, by an extraordinarie deede. ] Nowe his parents went to Hierusalem euery yeere, [Note: Deuter.16.1. ] at the feast of the Passeouer.
42 And when hee was twelue yeere olde, and they were come vp to Hierusalem, after the custome of the feast,
43 And had finished the dayes thereof, as they returned, the childe Iesus remained in Hierusalem, and Ioseph knew not, nor his mother,
44 But they supposing, that he had bene in the company, went a dayes iourney, and sought him among their kinsfolke, and acquaintance.
45 And when they found him not, they turned backe to Hierusalem, and sought him.
46 And it came to passe three dayes after, that they found him in the Temple, sitting in the mids of the doctours, both hearing them, and asking them questions:
47 And all that heard him, were astonied at his vnderstanding and answeres.
48 [Note:  All dueties which we owe to men, as they are not to be neglected, so are they according to our vocation, not to be preferred before the glory of God. ] So when they sawe him, they were amased, and his mother said vnto him, Sonne, why hast thou thus dealt with vs? beholde, thy father and I haue sought thee with very heauie hearts.
49 Then said he vnto them, Howe is it that ye sought me? knewe ye not that I must goe about my Fathers busines?
50 But they vnderstoode not the word that he spake to them.
51 [Note:  Christ very man is made like vnto vs, in all things, except sinne. ] Then hee went downe with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subiect to them: and his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.
52 And Iesus increased in wisedome, and stature, and in fauour with God and men.
4 Iohn exhorteth to repentance. 15 His testimonie of Christ. 20 Herod putteth him in prison. 21 Christ is baptized. 23 His pedegree.
1 Nowe [Note:  Iohn commeth at the time foretold of the Prophets, & layeth the fundation of the Gospel which is exhibited vnto vs, setting foorth the true obseruing of the Law, & free mercy in Christ, which commeth after him, vsing also baptisme the effectual signe both of regeneration and also of forgiuenes of sinnes. ] in the fifteenth yeere of the reigne of Tiberius Cæsar, Pontius Pilate being gouernour
[Iohns preaching and baptisme.]
of Iudea, and Herod being Tetrarch of Galile, and his brother Philip Tetrarch of Iturea, and of the countrey of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the Tetrarch of Abilene,
2 ( [Note: Actes 4.6. ] When [Note: [a] Iosephus calleth him Ananus. ] Annas and Caiaphas were the hie Priestes) the worde of God came vnto Iohn, the sonne of Zacharias in the wildernes.
3 [Note: Matth.3.2. marke 1.4. ] And hee came into all the coastes about Iordan, preaching the baptisme of repentance for the remission of sinnes,
4 As it is written in the booke of the sayings of Esaias the Prophet, which saith, [Note: Esai.40.3. iohn 1.23. ] The voyce of him that crieth in the wildernes is, Prepare ye the way of the Lord: make his paths straight.
5 Euery valley shalbe filled, and euery mountaine and hill shall be brought lowe, and crooked things shalbe made straight, and the rough wayes shalbe made smoothe.
6 And all flesh shall see the saluation of God.
7 Then said he to the people that were come out to be baptized of him, [Note: Matth.3 7. ] O generations of vipers, who hath forewarned you to flee from the wrath to come?
8 Bring foorth therefore fruites worthy amendement of life, and beginne not to say with your selues, We haue Abraham to our father: for I say vnto you, that God is able of these stones to raise vp children vnto Abraham.
9 Nowe also is the axe layed vnto the roote of the trees: therefore euery tree which bringeth not foorth good fruite, shalbe hewen downe, and cast into the fire.
10 ¶ Then the people asked him, saying, What shall we doe then?
11 And he answered, and said vnto them, [Note: Iames 2.15. 1.iohn 3.17. ] He that hath two coates, let him part with him that hath none: and hee that hath meate, let him doe likewise.
12 Then came there Publicanes also to bee baptized, and saide vnto him, Master, what shall we doe?
13 And hee saide vnto them, Require no more then that which is [Note: [b] Require no more then that summe, that is appointed for the tribute money. ] appointed vnto you.
14 The souldiers likewise demaunded of him, saying, And what shall we doe? And he saide vnto them, Doe violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely, and be content with your [Note: [c] Which was payed them, partly in money, and partly in victuall. ] wages.
15 [Note:  If we wil rightly, and fruitfully receiue the sacraments, we must neither rest in the signes, neither in him, that ministreth the signes, but lift vp our eyes to Christ, who is the authour of the sacraments, and the giuer of that which is represented by the sacraments. ] As the people waited, and all men mused in their heartes of Iohn, if he were not that Christ,
16 Iohn answered, and saide to them all, [Note: Matth.3.11. marke 1.8. iohn 1.26. acts.1.5. and 8 4. and 11.16. and 19.4. ] In deede I baptize you with water, but one stronger then I, commeth, whose shoes latchet I am not worthy to vnloose: hee will baptize you with the holy Ghost, and with fire.
17 [Note:  The Gospel is the fanne of the world. ] Whose fanne is in his hande, and hee will make cleane his floore, and will gather the wheate into his garner, but the chaffe will hee burne vp with fire that neuer shalbe quenched.
18 Thus then exhorting with many other things, he preached vnto the people.
19 [Note: Matth.14.3. marke 6.17. ] [Note:  Iohns preaching is confirmed with his death. ] But when Herod the Tetrarch was rebuked of him, for Herodias his brother Philips wife, and for all the euils which Herod had done,
20 He added yet this aboue all, that he shut vp Iohn in prison.
21 [Note: Matth.3.13. marke 1.9. iohn 1.32. ] [Note:  Our baptisme is sanctified in the head of ye Church, and Christ also is pronounced, by the voyce of the Father, to be our euerlasting King, Priest, and Prophet. ] Nowe it came to passe, as all the people were baptized, and that Iesus was baptized and did pray, that the heauen was opened:
22 And the holy Ghost came downe in a bodily shape like a doue, vpon him, and there was [Page]
[Christes genealogie: He is tempted, and teacheth in Nazareth.]
a voyce from heauen, saying, Thou art my beloued Sonne: in thee I am well pleased.
23 ¶ [Note:  The stocke of Christ according to the flesh, is brought by order euen to Adam, and so to God, that it might appeare, that he onely it was, whome God promised to Abraham and Dauid, and appointed from euerlasting to his Church, which is gathered together of all sortes of men. ] And Iesus himselfe began to bee about thirtie yeere of age, being as men supposed the sonne of Ioseph, which was the sonne of Eli,
24 The sonne of Matthat, the sonne of Leui, the sonne of Melchi, the sonne of Ianna, the sonne of Ioseph,
25 The sonne of Mattathias, the sonne of Amos, the sonne of Naum, the sonne of Esli, the sonne of Nagge,
26 The sonne of Maath, the sonne of Mattathias, the sonne of Semei, the sonne of Ioseph, the sonne of Iuda,
27 The sonne of Ioanna, the sonne of Rhesa, the sonne of Zorobabel, the sonne of Salathiel, the sonne of Neri,
28 The sonne of Melchi, the sonne of Addi, the sonne of Cosam, the sonne of Elmodam, the sonne of Er,
29 ¶ The sonne of Iose, the sonne of Eliezer, the sonne of Iorim, the sonne of Matthat, the son of Leui,
30 The sonne of Simeon, the sonne of Iuda, the sonne of Ioseph, the sonne of Ionan, the sonne of Eliacim,
31 The sonne of Melea, the sonne of Mainan, the sonne of Mattatha, the sonne of Nathan, the sonne of Dauid,
32 The sonne of Iesse, the sonne of Obed, the sonne of Booz, the sonne of Salmon, the sonne of Naasson,
33 The sonne of Aminadab, the sonne of Aram, the sonne of Esrom, the sonne of Phares, the sonne of Iuda,
34 The sonne of Iacob, the sonne of Isaac, the sonne of Abraham, the sonne of Thara, the sonne of Nachor,
35 The sonne of Saruch, the sonne of Ragau, the sonne of Phalec, the sonne of Eber, the sonne of Sala,
36 The sonne of Cainan, the sonne of Arphaxad, the sonne of Sem, the sonne of Noe, the sonne of Lamech,
37 The sonne of Mathusala, the sonne of Enoch, the sonne of Iared, the sonne of Maleleel, the sonne of Cainan,
38 The sonne of Enos, the sonne of Seth, the sonne of Adam, the sonne of God.
1 Of Christes temptation, and fasting. 16 Hee teacheth in Nazareth to the great admiration of all. 24 A Prophet that teacheth in his owne countrey is contemned. 33 One poßessed of the deuill is cured. 38 Peters mother in Lawe healed, 40 and diuers sicke persons are restored to health. 41 The deuils acknowledge Christ.
1 And [Note:  Christ being caried away (as it were out of the world) into the desart, after the fast of fourtie dayes, and the ouercomming of Satan thrise, comming as it were suddenly from heauen, beginneth his office. ] Iesus full of the holy Ghost returned from Iordan, and was led by that Spirit into the wildernes,
2 [Note: Matth.4.1. marke 1.12. ] And was there fourtie dayes tempted of the deuil, & in those dayes he did eate nothing: but when they were ended, he afterward was hungry.
3 [Note:  Christ being stirred vp of Satan, first to distrust in God, secondly to the desire of riches and honour, and lastly to a vaine confidence of himselfe, ouercommeth him thrise by the worde of God. ] Then the deuil saide vnto him, If thou be the Sonne of God, commaunde this stone that it be made bread.
4 But Iesus answered him, saying, It is written, [Note: Deuter.8.3. matth.4.4. ] That man shall not liue by bread only, but by euery word of God.
5 Then the deuill tooke him vp into an high mountaine, and shewed him all the kingdomes of the world, in the twinkeling of an eye.
[He is tempted, and teacheth in Nazareth.]
6 And the deuill saide vnto him, All this [Note: [a] By this worde, power, are the kingdomes themselues meant, which haue the power: and so it is spoken by the figure Metonymie. ] power will I giue thee, and the glory of those kingdomes: for that is [Note: [b] That is sure so, for he is prince of the world, yet not absolutely, and as the soueraigne ouer it, but by sufferance, and way of intreatie, and therefore he saith not true, that he can giue it to whome he will. ] deliuered to mee: and to whomsoeuer I will, I giue it.
7 If thou therefore wilt worship mee, they shalbe all [Note: [c] Out of an high place, which had a goodly champion countrey vnderneath it, he shewed him the situation of all countreis. ] thine.
8 But Iesus answered him, and saide, Hence from mee, Satan: for it is written, [Note: Deuter.6.13. and 10.20. ] Thou shalt worship the Lorde thy God, and him alone thou shalt serue.
9 Then hee brought him to Hierusalem, and set him on a pinacle of the Temple, and said vnto him, If thou be the Sonne of God, cast thy selfe downe from hence,
10 For it is written, [Note: Psal.91.18. ] That hee will giue his Angels charge ouer thee to keepe thee:
11 And with their handes they shall lift thee vp, least at any time thou shouldest dash thy foote against a stone.
12 And Iesus answered, and said vnto him, It is said, [Note: Deuter.6.16. ] Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
13 And when the deuil had ended all the tentation, he departed from him for a litle season.
14 ¶ And Iesus returned by the power of the spirite into Galile: and there went a fame of him throughout all the region round about.
15 For he taught in their Synagogues, and was honoured of all men.
16 [Note: Matth.13.54. marke 6.1. iohn 4.43. ] [Note:  Who Christ is, and wherefore he came, he sheweth out of the Prophet Esai. ] And hee came to Nazareth where hee had bene brought vp, and (as his custome was) went into the Synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stoode vp to reade.
17 And there was deliuered vnto him the booke of the Prophet Esaias: and when hee had [Note: [d] Their bookes in those dayes were rolled vp as scroler vpon a ruler: and so Christ vnrolled, or vnfolded it, which is here called, opened. ] opened the booke, hee founde the place, where it was written,
18 [Note: Esai.61.1. ] The Spirit of the Lorde is vpon mee, because he hath anoynted me, that I should preach the Gospel to the poore: he hath sent mee, that I should heale the broken hearted, that I should preach deliuerance to the captiues, and recouering of sight to the blinde, that I should set at libertie them that are bruised:
19 And that I should preache the acceptable yeere of the Lord.
20 And hee closed the booke, and gaue it againe to the minister, and sate downe: and the eyes of all that were in the Synagogue were fastened on him.
21 Then he began to say vnto them, This day is the Scripture fulfilled in your eares.
22 [Note:  Familiaritie causeth Christ to be contemned, and therefore he oftentimes goeth to strangers. ] And all [Note: [e] Approoued those things, which hee spake, with common consent and voyce: for this word, witnesse, signifieth in this place, and many other, to allowe and approoue a thing with open confeßion. ] bare him witnes, and [Note: [f] Not onely the doctours, but also the common people were present at this conference of the Scriptures: and besides that their mother tongue was vsed, for els howe could the people haue wondered? Paul appointed the same order in the Church at Corinth, 1. Corinth.14. ] wondered at the [Note: [g] Wordes full of the mightie power of God, which appeared in all his doings as wel, and allured men marueilously vnto him. Psalme 45.2. grace is powred into thy lippes. ] gracious wordes, which proceeded out of his mouth, and said, Is not this Iosephs sonne?
23 Then he said vnto them, Ye will surely say vnto mee this prouerbe, Physician, heale thy selfe: whatsoeuer we haue heard done in Capernaum, doe it here likewise in thine owne countrey.
24 And he saide, Verely I say vnto you, [Note: Iohn 4.44. ] No Prophet is accepted in his owne countrey.
25 But I tell you of a trueth, many widowes were in Israel in the dayes of [Note: 1 King.17.9. iames 5.17. ] Elias, when heauen was shut three yeres and sixe moneths, when great famine was throughout all the [Note: [b] Land of Israel, Looke Marke 15.38. ] land:
26 But vnto none of them was Elias sent, saue into Sarepta, a citie of Sidon, vnto a certaine widowe.
27 Also many lepers were in Israel, in the time
[Satan knew Christ.]
of [Note: 2.King.5.14. ] Eliseus the Prophet: yet none of them was made cleane, sauing Naaman the Syrian.
28 [Note:  The more sharply the worlde is rebuked, the more it rageth openly: but the life of the godly is not simply subiect to the pleasure of the wicked. ] Then all that were in the Synagogue, when they heard it, were filled with wrath,
29 And rose vp, and thrust him out of the citie, and led him vnto the edge of the hil, whereon their citie was built, to cast him downe headlong.
30 But he passed through the middes of them, and went his way,
31 ¶ [Note: Matt.4.13. mar.1.21. ] And came downe into Capernaum a citie of Galile, and there taught them on the Sabbath dayes.
32 [Note: Mar.7.29. mar.1.22. ] And they were astonied at his doctrine: for his worde was with authoritie.
33 [Note: Mark.1.23. ] And in the Synagogue there was a man which had a spirit of an vncleane deuill, which cryed with a loude voyce,
34 [Note:  Christ astonisheth not only men, be they neuer so blockish, but euen the deuils also, whether they will or not. ] Saying, Oh, what haue we to doe with thee, thou Iesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy vs? I know who thou art, euen the holy one of God.
35 And Iesus rebuked him, saying, Holde thy peace, and come out of him. Then the deuill throwing him in the middes of them, came out of him, and hurt him nothing at all.
36 So feare came on them all, and they spake among themselues, saying, What thing is this: for with authoritie and power he commaundeth the foule spirits, and they come out?
37 And ye fame of him spred abroad throughout all the places of the countrey round about.
38 ¶ [Note: Matth.8.14. marke 1.30. ] [Note:  In that, that Christ healeth the diseases of the body with his worde onely, he proueth that he is God almightie, sent for mans saluation. ] And he rose vp, and came out of the Synagogue, and entred into Simons house. And Simons wiues mother was taken with a great feuer, and they required him for her.
39 Then he stoode ouer her, and rebuked the feuer, and it left her, and immediatly she arose, and ministred vnto them.
40 Now at the sunne setting, all they that had sicke folkes of diuers diseases, brought them vnto him, and he layd his hands on euery one of them, and healed them.
41 [Note: Marke 1.35. ] [Note:  Satan, who is a continuall enemie to the trueth, ought not to be heard, no not then, when he speaketh the trueth. ] And deuils also came out of many, crying, and saying, Thou art that Christ that Sonne of God: but he rebuked them, and suffered them not to say that they knewe him to be that Christ.
42 [Note:  No colour of zeale ought to hinder vs, in the race of our vocation. ] And when it was day, he departed, and went foorth into a desart place, and the people sought him, and came to him, and kept him that he should not depart from them.
43 But he sayd vnto them, Surely I must also preach the kingdome of God to other cities: for therefore am I sent.
44 And hee preached in the Synagogues of Galile.
1 Christ teacheth out of the ship. 6 Of the draught of fish. 12 The Leper. 16 Christ prayeth in the desart 18 One sicke of the palsie. 27 Leui the Publicane. 34 The fastings and afflictions of the Apostles after Christes ascension. 36. 37. 38 Faint hearted and weake disciples are likened to olde bottels and worne garments.
1 Then [Note:  Christ aduertiseth the foure disciples, which he had taken vnto him, of the office of the Apostleship, which should hereafter be committed vnto them. ] [Note: Mat.4.18. mark.1.16. ] it came to passe, as the people [Note: [a] Did as it were lye vpon him, so desirous they were both to see him, and heare him, and therefore he taught them out of a ship. ] preassed vpon him to heare the word of God, that he stoode by the lake of Gennesaret,
2 And sawe two shippes stand by the lakes side, but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nettes.
3 And he entred into one of the ships, which
[Fishers of men.]
was Simons, & required him that he would thrust off a litle from the land: and he sate downe, and taught the people out of the ship.
4 ¶ Now when he had left speaking, he sayd vnto Simon, Lanch out into the deepe, and let downe your nettes to make a draught.
5 Then Simon answered, and sayd vnto him, [Note: [b] The worde signifieth him that hath rule ouer any thing. ] Master, we haue trauailed sore all night, & haue taken nothing: neuerthelesse at thy worde I will let downe the net.
6 And when they had so done, they enclosed a great multitude of fishes, so that their net brake.
7 And they beckened to their parteners, which were in the other ship, that they shoulde come and helpe them, who came then, and filled both the ships, that they did sinke.
8 Now when Simon Peter saw it, he fel down at Iesus knees, saying, Lord, go from me: for I am a sinfull man.
9 For he was vtterly astonied, and all that were with him, for the draught of fishes which they tooke.
10 And so was also Iames & Iohn the sonnes of Zebedeus, which were companions with Simon. Then Iesus sayde vnto Simon, Feare not: from henceforth thou shalt catch men.
11 And when they had brought the ships to land, they forsooke all, and followed him.
12 ¶ [Note: Matt.8.2. marke 1.40. ] [Note:  Christ by healing the leper with his onely touch, and sending him to the Priest, witnesseth that it is he, through whom and by whom, apprehended by faith, all we which are vncleane, according to the Lawe, by the witnes of God himselfe, are pronounced to be pure and cleane. ] Nowe it came to passe, as he was in a certaine citie, beholde, there was a man full of leprosie, and when he sawe Iesus, he fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me cleane.
13 So he stretched forth his hand, & touched him, saying, I will, be thou cleane. And immediately the leprosie departed from him.
14 And he commaunded him that hee should tell it no man: but Go, sayth he, and shew thy selfe to the Priest, and offer for thy clensing, as [Note: Leuit.14.4. ] Moses hath commanded, for a witnes vnto them.
15 [Note:  Christ had rather to be famous by his doctrine, then by miracles, and therefore hee departeth from them that seeke him, as a physician of the body, and not as the authour of saluation. ] But so much more went there a fame abroad of him, and great multitudes came together to heare, and to be healed of him of their infirmities.
16 But he kept himselfe apart in the wildernes, and prayed.
17 ¶ [Note:  Christ, in healing him that was sicke of the palsie, sheweth the cause of all diseases, and the remedie. ] And it came to passe, on a certaine day, as he was teaching, that the Pharises & doctours of the Law sate by, which were come out of euery towne of Galile, & Iudea, and Hierusalem, & the power of the Lord [Note: [c] The mightie power of Christs Godhead, shewed it selfe in him, as that time. ] was in him to heale them.
18 [Note: Matth.9.2. marke 2.3. ] Then beholde, men brought a man lying in a bed, which was taken with a palsie, and they sought meanes to bring him in, and to lay him before him.
19 And when they could not finde by what way they might bring him in, because of the preasse, they went vp on the house, and let him downe through the tyling, bed and all, in the middes before Iesus.
20 And when he sawe their faith, he sayd vnto him, Man, thy sinnes are forgiuen thee.
21 Then the Scribes & the Pharises began to reason, saying, Who is this that speaketh blasphemies? who can forgiue sinnes, but God onely?
22 But when Iesus perceiued their reasoning, he answered, and sayd vnto them, What reason ye in your hearts?
23 Whether is easier to say, Thy sinnes are forgiuen thee, or to say, Rise and walke?
24 But that ye may know that that Sonne of man hath authoritie to forgiue sinnes in earth, (he sayd vnto the sicke of the palsie) I say to thee, Arise: take vp thy bed, and goe to thine house.
25 And immediatly he rose vp before them, and tooke vp his bed whereon he lay, and departed to his owne house, praysing God.
26 And they were all amased, & praysed God, and were filled with feare, saying, Doutlesse we haue seene strange things to day.
27 ¶ [Note: Matth.9.9. marke 2.14. ] [Note:  The Church is a company of sinners, through the grace of Christ repentant, which banket with him, to the great offence of the proud & enuious worldlings. ] And after that, he went foorth and sawe a Publicane named Leui, sitting at the receite of custome, and sayd vnto him, Follow me.
28 And he left all, rose vp, and folowed him.
29 Then Leui made him a great feast in his owne house, where there was a great company of Publicanes, and of other that sate at table with them.
30 But they that were Scribes and Pharises among them, murmured against his disciples, saying, Why eate ye and drinke ye with Publicanes and sinners?
31 Then Iesus answered, and sayd vnto them, They that are whole, neede not the Physician, but they that are sicke.
32 [Note: 1.Tim.1.15. ] I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
33 ¶ [Note: Matth. 9.14. marke 2.18. ] [Note:  It is the point of hypocrites and ignorant men, to put an holines in fasting, and in things indifferent. ] Then they said vnto him, Why do the disciples of Iohn fast often, & pray, & the disciples of the Pharises also, but thine eate and drinke?
34 [Note:  Lawes generally made without any consideration of circumstances, for fasting, & other things of like sort, are not onely tyrannous, but very hurtfull in the Church. ] And he said vnto them, Can ye make the children of the wedding chamber to fast, as long as the bridegrome is with them?
35 But the dayes will come, euen when the bridegrome shalbe taken away from them: then shall they fast in those dayes.
36 Againe he spake also vnto them a parable, No man putteth a piece of a newe garment into an olde vesture: for then the newe renteth it, and the piece taken out of the newe, agreeth not with the olde.
37 Also no man powreth newe wine into olde vessels: for then ye new wine wil breake the vessels, and it will runne out, and the vessels will perish:
38 But newe wine must be powred into newe vessels: so both are preserued.
39 Also no man that drinketh olde wine, straightway desireth newe: for he sayth, The olde is more profitable.
1 The disciples pull the eares of corne on the Sabbath. 6 Of him that had a withered hand. 13 The election of the Apostles. 20 The blessings and curses. 27 We must loue our enemies. 46 With what fruit the word of God is to be heard.
1 And [Note: Matth.12.1. marke 2.23. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth against the superstitious, who sticke in euery trifle, that the Lawe of the very Sabbath, was not giuen to be kept without exception: much lesse that the saluation of man, should consist in the outwarde keeping of it. ] it came to passe on a second solemne Sabbath, that hee went through the corne fieldes, and his disciples [Note: [a] Epiphanius noteth well in his treatise, where hee confuteth Ebion, that the time, when the disciples plucked the eares of corne, was in the feast of vnleauened bread: Now, whereas in those feasts, which were kept many dayes together, as the feast of Tabernacles, and the Paßeouer, their first day and the last were of like solemnitie, Leuit.23: Luke fitly calleth the last day the second Sabbath, though Theophylact vnderstandeth it of any other of them, that folowed the first. ] plucked the eares of corne, and did eate, and rub them in their hands.
2 And certaine of the Pharises sayde vnto them, Why doe ye that which is not lawfull to doe on the Sabbath dayes?
3 Then Iesus answered them, and said, [Note: 1.Sam.21.6. ] Haue ye not read this, that Dauid did when he himselfe was an hungred, and they which were with him,
4 Howe he went into the house of God, and
[The Apostles chosen.]
tooke, and ate the shewbread, and gaue also to them which were with him, which was not lawful to eate, but for the [Note: Exod.29.33. leuit.8.31. and 24.9. ] Priests onely?
5 And he sayd vnto them, The Sonne of man is Lord also of the Sabbath day.
6 ¶ [Note: Mat. 12.19. marke 3.1. ] [Note:  Charitie is the rule of all ceremonies. ] It came to passe also on another Sabbath, that hee entred into the Synagogue, and taught, and there was a man, whose right hand was dryed vp.
7 And the Scribes & Pharises watched him, whether he would heale on the Sabbath day, that they might finde an accusation against him.
8 But he knew their thoughts, and sayd to the man which had the withered hand, Arise, and stand vp in the middes. And hee arose, and stoode vp.
9 Then sayd Iesus vnto them, I will aske you a question, Whether is it lawfull on the Sabbath dayes to doe good, or to doe euill? to saue life, or to [Note: [b] Who so helpeth not his neighbour, when he can, he killeth him. ] destroy?
10 And he behelde them all in compasse, and sayd vnto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he did so, and his hand was restored againe, as whole as the other.
11 Then they were filled full of madnes, and communed one with another, what they might doe to Iesus.
12 ¶ [Note:  In that, that Christ vseth earnest and long prayer, in choosing twelue of his owne company, to the office of the Apostleship, he sheweth howe religiously we ought to behaue our selues, in the choyse of Ecclesiasticall persons. ] And it came to passe in those dayes, that he went into a mountaine to praye, & spent the night in prayer to God.
13 And when it was day, [Note: Chap.9.1. matt. 10.1. marke 13.3. and 6.7. ] he called his disciples, and of them he chose twelue which also he called Apostles.
14 (Simon whome he named also Peter, and Andrewe his brother, Iames and Iohn, Philippe and Bartlemewe:
15 Matthewe and Thomas: Iames the sonne of Alpheus, and Simon called Zelous,
16 Iudas Iames brother, and Iudas Iscariot, which also was the traitour.)
17 Then he came downe with them, & stood in a plaine place, with the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Iudea, and Hierusalem, and from the [Note: [c] From all the sea coast, which is called Syrophenicia. ] sea coast of Tyrus and Sidon, which came to heare him, and to be healed of their diseases:
18 And they that were vexed with foule spirits, and they were healed.
19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went vertue out of him, and healed them all.
20 ¶ [Note: Mat. 5.3. ] [Note:  Christ teacheth against all Philosophers, and especially the Epicures, that the chiefest felicitie of man is layd vp in no place, here in earth, but in heauen: and that persecution for righteousnes sake, is the right way vnto it. ] And hee lifted vp his eyes vpon his disciples, and sayd, Blessed be ye poore: for yours is the kingdome of God.
21 [Note: Esai.65.13. ] Blessed are ye that hunger nowe: for ye shalbe satisfied: [Note: Esai. 61.3. ] blessed are ye that weepe now: for ye shall laugh.
22 [Note: Mat. 5.11. ] Blessed are ye when men hate you, and when [Note: [d] Cast you out of their Synagogues, as Iohn expoundeth it, 16.2. which is the sharpest punishment the Church hath, if so be the Elders iudge rightfully, and by the worde of God. ] they separate you, & reuile you, & put out your name as euill, for the Sonne of mans sake.
23 Reioyce ye in that day, and [Note: [e] Leape (as cattell doe, which are prouender pricked,) for exceeding ioy. ] be glad: for beholde, your reward is great in heauen: for after this maner their fathers did to the Prophets.
24 [Note: Amos 6.1. ] But wo be to you that are rich: for ye haue [Note: [f] That is, you reape nowe of your riches, all the commoditie and blessings you are euer like to haue, and therefore you haue not to looke for any other reward, Mat.6.2. ] receiued your consolation.
25 [Note: Esai. 65.13. ] Wo be to you that are full: for ye shall hunger. Wo be to you that now laugh: for ye shal wayle and weepe.
26 Wo be to you when all men speake well of you: for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
27 ¶ [Note: Matth.5.44. ] [Note:  Christian charitie, which differeth much from the worldly, doeth not onely not reuenge iniuries, but comprehendeth euen our most grieuous enemies, and that for our Fathers sake, which is in heauen: so farre is it, from seeking it owne profite in doing well. ] But I say vnto you which heare, Loue your enemies: doe well to them which hate you.
28 Blesse them that curse you, and pray for them which hurt you.
29 [Note: Matth.5.39. ] And vnto him that smiteth thee on ye one cheeke, offer also the other: [Note: 1.Corinth.6.7. ] and him that taketh away thy cloke, forbid not to take thy coate also.
30 Giue to euery man that asketh of thee: and of him that taketh away the things that be thine, aske them not againe.
31 [Note: Matth.7.12. ] And as ye would that men should doe to you, so doe ye to them likewise.
32 [Note: Matth.5.46. ] For if yee loue them which loue you, [Note: [g] What is there in this your worke, that is to be accounted of? for if you looke to haue commoditie by louing, seeke those commodities, which are commodities in deede: loue your enemies, and so you shall shewe to the worlde that you looke for those commodities, which come from God. ] what thanke shall ye haue? for euen the sinners loue those that loue them.
33 And if ye do good for them which do good for you, what thanke shall ye haue? for euen the sinners doe the same.
34 [Note: Matth.5.42. deuter.15.8. ] And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receiue, what thanke shall yee haue? for euen the sinners lend to sinners, to receiue the like.
35 Wherefore loue ye your enemies, and doe good, and lend, [Note: [h] When you will kinde, doe it onely to benefite and pleasure withall, and not for hope, to receiue the principall againe. ] looking for nothing againe, and your rewarde shalbe great, and ye shalbe the children of [Note: Matth. 5.45. ] the most High: for he is kinde vnto the vnkinde, and to the euill.
36 Be ye therefore mercifull, as your Father also is mercifull.
37 ¶ [Note: Matth.7.1. ] [Note:  Brotherly reprehensions must not proceed of curiositie, nor churlishnes, nor malice, but they must be iust, moderate and louing. ] Iudge not, and ye shal not be iudged: condemne not, and ye shall not bee condemned: [Note: [i] He speaketh not here of ciuill iudgements, and therefore by the word, forgiue, is meant that good nature, which the Christians vse in suffring and pardoning wronges. ] forgiue, and ye shalbe forgiuen.
38 Giue, and it shalbe giuen vnto you: [Note: Matth. 7.2. marke 4.24. ] a good measure, [Note: [k] These are borowed kindes of speaches, taken from them, which vse to measure dry things, as corne and such like, who vse a franke kinde of dealing therein, and thrust it downe and shake it together, and preße it and heape it. ] pressed downe, shaken together and running ouer shall men giue into your bosome: for with what measure ye mete, with the same shal men mete to you againe.
39 [Note:  Vnskilfull reprehenders hurt both themselues and other: for such as the master is, such is the scoller. ] And he spake a parable vnto them, [Note: Mat.15.14. ] Can the blinde leade the blinde? shall they not both fall into the ditche?
40 [Note: Mat. 10. 24. iohn 13.16 and 15.20. ] The disciple is not aboue his master: but whosoeuer will be a perfect disciple, shall bee as his master.
41 ¶ [Note: Matt. 7.3. ] [Note:  Hypocrites, which are very seuere reprehenders of other, are very quicke of sight to spie other mens faults, but very blinde to see their owne. ] And why seest thou a mote in thy brothers eye, and considerest not the beame that is in thine owne eye?
42 Either howe canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou seest not the beame that is in thine owne eye? Hypocrite, cast out the beame out of thine owne eye first, and then shalt thou see, perfectly to pull out the mote that is in thy brothers eye.
43 ¶ [Note: Matth. 7.17. ] [Note:  He is a good man, not that is skilfull to reprehend other, but he that prooueth his vprightnesse both in worde and deede. ] For it is not a good tree that bringeth foorth euill fruite: neither an euill tree, that bringeth foorth good fruite.
44 [Note: Matth.12.33. ] For euery tree is knowen by his owne fruite: [Note: Matth.7.16. ] for neither of thornes gather men figges, nor of bushes gather they grapes.
45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth foorth good, and an euill man out of the euill treasure of his heart bringeth foorth euill: for of the aboundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
46 ¶ [Note: Matth.7.21. rom.2.13. iames 1.21. ] But why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things that I speake?
[The Centurions faith.]
47 [Note:  Affliction doth at the length discerne true godlinesse from false and fained. ] Whosoeuer commeth to mee, and heareth my wordes, and doeth the same, I will shewe you to whome he is like:
48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deepe, and layde the fundation on a rocke: and when the waters arose, the flood beat vpon that house, and coulde not shake it: for it was grounded vpon a rocke.
49 But hee that heareth and doeth not, is like a man that built an house vpon the earth without foundation, against which the flood did beate, and it fell by and by: and the fall of that house was great.
1 Of the Centurions seruant. 9 The Centurions faith. 11 The widowes sonne raised from death at Nain. 19 Iohn sendeth his disciples to Christ. 33 His peculiar kinde of liuing. 37 The sinfull woman washeth Iesus feete.
1 When [Note: Matth.8.5. ] [Note:  Christ admonisheth the Iewes; by setting before them the example of the Centurion, that for their obstinacie and rebellion, he will go to the Gentiles. ] hee had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entred into Capernaum.
2 And a certaine Ceturions seruant was sicke and readie to die, which was deare vnto him.
3 And when he heard of Iesus, hee sent vnto him the Elders of the Iewes, beseeching him that he would come, and heale his seruant.
4 So they came to Iesus, and besought him instantly, saying that hee was worthy that hee should doe this for him:
5 For he loueth, said they, our nation, and he hath built vs a Synagogue.
6 Then Iesus went with them: but when he was now not farre from the house, the Centurion sent friendes to him, saying vnto him, Lorde, trouble not thy selfe: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter vnder my roofe:
7 Wherefore I thought not my selfe worthy to come vnto thee: but say the word, and my seruant shalbe whole:
8 For I likewise am a man set vnder authoritie, and haue vnder mee souldiers, and I say vnto one, Goe, and he goeth: and to another, Come, and hee commeth: and to my seruant, Doe this, and he doeth it.
9 When Iesus heard these things, he marueiled at him, and turned him, and said to the people, that followed him, I say vnto you, I haue not found so great faith, no not in Israel.
10 And when they that were sent, turned backe to the house, they founde the seruant that was sicke, whole.
11 [Note:  Christ auoucheth openly his power ouer death. ] And it came to passe the day after, that he went into a citie called [Note: [a] Nain is the name of a towne in Galile, which was situate on the other side of Kison, which falleth into the sea of Galile. ] Nain, and many of his disciples went with him, and a great multitude.
12 Nowe when hee came neere to the gate of the citie, behold, there was a dead man caried out, who was the onely begotten sonne of his mother, which was a widowe, and much people of the citie was with her.
13 And when the Lord sawe her, he had compassion on her, and said vnto her, Weepe not.
14 And he went and touched the coffin (and they that bare him, stoode still) and he said, Yong man, I say vnto thee, Arise.
15 And he that was dead, sate vp, and began to speake, and he deliuered him to his mother.
16 Then there came a feare on them all, and they glorified God, saying, A great Prophet is risen among vs, and God hath visited his people.
17 And this rumour of him went foorth [Page]
[Iohns disciples. The sinfull woman washeth Iesus feete.]
throughout all Iudea, and throughout all the region round about.
18 [Note:  Iohn sendeth from the prison his vnbeleeuing disciples, to Christ himselfe, to be confirmed. ] And the disciples of Iohn shewed him of all these things.
19 So Iohn called vnto him two certaine men of his disciples, and sent them to Iesus, saying, Art thou hee that should come, or shall we waite for another?
20 And when the men were come vnto him, they said, Iohn Baptist hath sent vs vnto thee, saying, Art thou hee that should come, or shall we waite for another?
21 And [Note: [b] When Iohns disciples came to Christ. ] at that time, he cured many of their sickenesses, and plagues, and of euill spirites, and vnto many blinde men he gaue sight freely.
22 And Iesus answered, and saide vnto them, Goe your wayes and shewe Iohn, what things ye haue seene and heard: that the blinde see, the halt goe, the lepers are cleansed, the deafe heare, the dead are raised, and the poore receiue the Gospel.
23 And blessed is hee, that shall not be offended in me.
24 [Note:  That which the Prophets shewed long before, Iohn sheweth at hand: and Christ himselfe doeth present it dayly vnto vs, in the Gospel, but for the most part in vaine, for that many seeke nothing els, but foolish toyes and vaine glory. ] And when the messengers of Iohn were departed, hee began to speake vnto the people, of Iohn, What went ye out into the wildernes to see? A reede shaken with the winde?
25 But what went ye out to see? A man clothed in soft rayment? beholde, they which are gorgeously apparelled, and liue delicately, are in Kings courtes.
26 But what went ye foorth to see? A Prophet? yea, I say to you, and greater then a Prophet.
27 This is he of whom it is written, [Note: Matth.3.1. ] Beholde, I sende my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.
28 For I say vnto you, there is no greater Prophet then Iohn, among them that are begotten of women: neuerthelesse, hee that is the least in the kingdome of God, is greater then he.
29 Then all the people that heard, and the Publicanes [Note: [c] Said that he was iust, good, faithfull, and mercifull. ] iustified God, being baptized with the baptisme of Iohn.
30 But the Pharises and the expounders of the Law despised the counsell of God [Note: [d] To their owne hurt. ] against themselues, and were not baptized of him.
31 [Note: Matth.11.16. ] [Note:  What way so euer God foloweth in offering vs the Gospel, the most part of men procure offences vnto themselues: yet notwithstanding some Church is gathered together. ] And the Lord saide, Whereunto shall I liken the men of this generation? and what thing are they like vnto?
32 They are like vnto litle children sitting in the market place, and crying one to another, and saying, We haue piped vnto you, and ye haue not daunced: we haue mourned to you, and ye haue not wept.
33 For Iohn Baptist came, neither eating bread, nor drinking wine: and ye say, He hath the deuil.
34 The Sonne of man is come, and eateth and drinketh: and ye say, Beholde, a man which is a glutton, and a drinker of wine, a friend of Publicanes and sinners:
35 But wisdome is iustified of all her children.
36 ¶ [Note:  Proude men depriue themselues of the benefites of the presence of Christ, euen then when hee is at home with them in their houses, which the humble and base do enioy. ] And one of the Pharises desired him that hee would eate with him: and hee went into the Pharises house, and sate downe at table.
37 And beholde, a woman in the citie, which was a sinner, when she knewe that Iesus sate at table in the Pharises house, shee brought a boxe of oyntment.
38 [Note: Marke 15.42. iohn 20,11. ] And shee stoode at his feete behinde him weeping, and began to wash his feete with teares, and did wipe them with the heares of her head,
[The sinfull woman washeth Iesus feete.]
and kissed his feete, and anoynted them with the oyntment.
39 [Note:  Rashnesse is the fellowe of pride. ] Nowe when the Pharise which bade him, saw it, he spake within himselfe, saying, If this man were a Prophet, hee woulde surely haue knowen who, and what maner of woman this is which toucheth him: [Note: [e] The Pharise respecteth the Lawe, which holdeth the defiled, that touch the defiled. ] for she is a sinner.
40 [Note:  To loue Christ, is a sure and perpetual witnesse of remissio of sinnes. ] And Iesus answered, and saide vnto him, Simon, I haue somewhat to say vnto thee. And he said, Master, say on.
41 There was a certaine lender which had two detters: the one ought fiue hundreth pence, and the other fiftie:
42 When they had nothing to pay, he forgaue them both: Which of them therefore, tell mee, will loue him most?
43 Simon answered, and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgaue most. And he said vnto him, Thou hast truely iudged.
44 Then he turned to the woman, and said vnto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entred into thine house, and thou gauest mee no water to my feete: but she hath washed my feete with teares, and wiped them with the heares of her head.
45 Thou gauest me no kisse: but she, since the time I came in, hath not ceased to kisse my feete.
46 Mine head with oyle thou didest not anoint: but she hath anoynted my feete with oyntment.
47 Wherefore I say vnto thee, many sinnes are forgiuen her: [Note: [f] That is, saith Theophylact, she hath shewed her faith abundantly: and Basil in his sermon of Baptisme saith, He that oweth much, hath much forgiuen him, that he may loue much more: And therefore Christes saying is so plaine by the similitude, that it is a wonder to see the enemies of the trueth, drawe and racke this place so fondly, to establish their meritorious works: for the greater summe a man hath forgiuen him, the more he loueth him that hath bene so gratious to him: And this woman sheweth by dueties of loue, how great the benefite was she had receiued: and therefore the charitie that is here spoken of, is not to be taken for the cause, but as a signe: for Christ saith not as the Pharises did, that she was a sinner, but beareth her witnes that the sinnes of her life past are forgiuen her. ] for she loued much. To whom a litle is forgiuen, he doeth loue a litle.
48 And he saide vnto her, Thy sinnes are forgiuen thee.
49 And they that sate at table with him, began to say within themselues, Who is this that euen forgiueth sinnes?
50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saued thee: [Note: [g] He confirmeth the benefite which he had bestowed with a bleßing. ] goe in peace.
2 Women that minister vnto Christ of their substance. 4 The parable of the sower. 16 The candle. 19 Christes mother and brethren. 22 He rebuketh the windes. 26 Of Legion. 37 The Gadarenes reiect Christ. 41 Iairus daughter healed. 43 The woman deliuered from the yßue of blood. 52 Weeping for the dead.
1 And it came to passe afterwarde, that hee himselfe went through euery citie and towne, preaching and publishing the kingdome of God, and the twelue were with him,
2 And certaine women, which were healed of euill spirites, and infirmities, as [Note: Marke 16.9. ] Mary which was called Magdalene, out of whom went seuen deuils,
3 And Ioanna the wife of Chuza Herods steward, and Susanna, and many other which ministred vnto him of their substance.
4 [Note: Matth.13.3. marke 4.1. ] [Note:  The selfe same Gospel is sowen euery where, but not with like fruit: and that through the onely fault of men themselues. ] Nowe when much people were gathered together, and were come vnto him out of all cities, he spake by a parable.
5 A sower went out to sowe his seede, and as he sowed, some fell by the wayes side, and it was troden vnder feete, and the foules of heauen deuoured it vp.
6 And some fell on the stones, and when it was sprong vp, it withered away, because it lacked moystnesse.
7 And some fell among thornes, and the thornes sprang vp with it, and choked it.
8 And some fell on good ground, and sprang
[Christs mother and brethren.]
vp, and bare fruite, an hundreth folde. And as hee sayd these things, he cryed, He that hath eares to heare, let him heare.
9 Then his disciples asked him, demaunding what parable that was.
10 And he sayd, Vnto you it is giuen to know the [Note: [a] Those things are called secret, which may not be vttered: for the worde vsed here, is as much as we say in our tongue, to holde a mans peace. ] secrets of ye kingdome of God, but to other in parables, that when [Note: Esai.6.9. matt. 13.14. mark 4.12. iohn 12.40. acts. 28 26. rom.11.8. ] they see, they shoulde not see, and when they heare, they should not vnderstand.
11 [Note: Matth.13.18. marke 4.15. ] The parable is this, The seede is the worde of God.
12 And they that are beside the way, are they that heare: afterward commeth the deuill, and taketh away the worde out of their hearts, least they should beleeue, and be saued.
13 But they that are on the stones, are they which when they haue heard, receiue ye word with ioy: but they haue no rootes: which for a while beleeue, but in the time of tentation goe away.
14 And that which fell among thornes, are they which haue heard, and after [Note: [b] That is, so soone as they haue heard the worde, they goe about their busines. ] their departure are choked with cares and with riches, and voluptuous liuing, and [Note: [c] They bring not forth perfect and full fruite to the ripening: or, they begin, but they bring not to an ende. ] bring forth no fruite.
15 But that which fell in good ground, are they which with an [Note: [d] Which seeketh not onely to seeme such a one, but is so in deede: so that this worde, Honest, respecteth the outward life, and the worde, good, is referred to the good giftes of the minde. ] honest & good heart heare the worde, [Note: [e] With much a doe, for the deuill and the flesh fight against the spirit of God, which is a newe ghest. ] and keepe it, and bring forth fruite with patience.
16 ¶ [Note: Chap.11.33. matth.5.15. marke 4.21. ] [Note:  That that euery man hath receiued in priuate, hee ought to bestowe to the vse and profite of all men. ] No man when he hath lighted a candle, couereth it vnder a vessell, neither putteth it vnder the bed, but setteth it on a candlesticke, that they that enter in, may see the light.
17 [Note: Math.10.26. marke 4.22. chap.12.2. ] For nothing is secret, that shall not be euident: neither any thing hid, that shall not be knowen, and come to light.
18 [Note:  Heauenly gifts are lost with nigardlines: and increase with liberalitie. ] Take [Note: [f] That is, with what mindes you come to heare the worde, and howe you behaue your selues, when you haue heard it. ] heede therefore how ye heare: for [Note: Matth.13.12. and 25.29. mark. 4.25. chap.19.26. ] whosoeuer hath, to him shall be giuen: and whosoeuer hath not, from him shalbe taken euen that [Note: [g] Either to him selfe, or to other, or to both: for there are none so proude, as these fellowes, if it were possible to see that, that they cloke: neither are there that deceiue the simple more then they doe. ] which it seemeth that he hath.
19 ¶ [Note: Mat.12.46. mar.3.32. ] [Note:  There is no knot of flesh and blood, among men so nigh & straight, as the band which is betweene Christ, and them who imbrace him with a true fayth. ] Then came to him his mother and his brethren, and could not come neere to him for the preasse.
20 And it was tolde him by certaine which said, Thy mother and thy brethren stand without, and would see thee.
21 But he answered, and sayd vnto them, My mother and my brethren are these which heare the worde of God, and doe it.
22 ¶ [Note: Mat.8.23. marke 4.36. ] [Note:  It is expedient for vs sometime to come into extreme danger, as though Christ passed not for vs, that we may haue a better triall, both of his power, and also of our weakenes. ] And it came to passe on a certaine day, that he went into a ship with his disciples, and he sayd vnto them, Let vs goe ouer vnto the other side of the lake. And they lanched forth.
23 And as they sayled, he fell [Note: [h] Iesus fell on sleepe, and it appeareth, that he was very fast on sleepe, because they called him twise before he awoke. ] a sleepe, and there came downe a storme of winde on the lake, and [Note: [i] Not the disciples, but the ship. ] they were filled with water, and were in ieopardie.
24 Then they went to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, Master, we perish. And he arose, and rebuked the winde, and the waues of water: and they ceased, and it was calme.
25 Then he sayde vnto them, Where is your fayth? and they feared, & wondered among them selues, saying, Who is this that commandeth both
[The Gadarenes swine.]
the windes and water, and they obey him!
26 ¶ [Note: Matth.8.28. marke 5.1. ] So they sailed vnto the region of the Gadarenes, which is ouer against Galile.
27 [Note:  Christ sheweth, by casting out a Legion of deuils by his word only, that his heauenly vertue was appointed, to deliuer men from the slauerie of the deuil: but foolish men will not for the most part, redeeme this so excellent grace freely offered vnto them, with the least losse of their pelting pelfe. ] And as he went out to land, there met him a certaine man out of the citie, which had deuils long time, and he ware no garment, neither abode in house, but in the graues.
28 And when he sawe Iesus, he cryed out and fell downe before him, and with a loude voyce sayd, What haue I to doe with thee, Iesus the Sonne of God the most High? I beseech thee torment me not.
29 For he commanded ye foule spirit to come out of the man: (for oft times he had caught him: therefore he was bound with chaines, and kept in fetters: but he brake the bands, [Note: [k] By force and violence, as a horse when he is spurred. ] and was caried of the deuill into wildernesses.)
30 Then Iesus asked him, saying, What is thy name? and he sayd, Legion, because many deuils were entred into him.
31 And they besought him, that he would not commaund them to goe out into the deepe.
32 And there was there by, an hearde of many swine, feeding on an hill: and the deuils besought him, that he would suffer them to enter into them. So he suffered them.
33 Then went the deuils out of the man, and entred into the swine: and the hearde was caried with violence from a steepe downe place into the lake, and was choked.
34 When the heardmen sawe what was done, they fled: and when they were departed, they tolde it in the citie and in the countrey.
35 Then they came out to see what was done, and came to Iesus, and found the man, out of whom the deuils were departed, sitting at the feete of Iesus, clothed, and in his right minde: and they were afrayd.
36 They also which saw it, tolde them by what meanes he that was possessed with the deuill, was healed.
37 Then the whole multitude of the countrey about the Gadarenes, besought him that he would depart from them: for they were taken with a great feare: and he went into the ship, and returned.
38 Then the man, out of whome the deuils were departed, besought him that hee might be with him: but Iesus sent him away, saying,
39 Returne into thine owne house, and shewe what great things God hath done to thee. So hee went his way, and preached [Note: [l] To wit, the citie of the Gadarenes: and though Marke say that he preached it in Decapolis, they dißent not, for Plinie recordeth lib.5.cap.18. that Gadara is a towne of Decapolis: so that Decapolis was partly on this side Iordan, and partly on the other side. ] throughout all the citie, what great things Iesus had done vnto him.
40 ¶ And it came to passe, when Iesus was come againe, that the people [Note: [m] The multitude was glad he was come againe, and reioyced greatly. ] receiued him: for they all waited for him.
41 ¶ [Note: Matth.9.18. marke 5.22. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth by a double miracle, that hee is Lord both of life & death. ] And beholde, there came a man named Iairus, & he was the ruler of the Synagogue, who fell downe at Iesus feete, and besought him that he would come into his house.
42 For he had but a daughter onely, about twelue yeeres of age, and she lay a dying (and as he went, the people thronged him.
43 And a woman hauing an yssue of blood, twelue yeeres long, which had spent all her [Note: [n] All that she had to liue vpon. ] substance vpon physicians, and could not be healed of any:
44 When she came behind him, she touched the hemme of his garment, and immediatly her [Page]
[Christ sendeth out the twelue.]
yssue of blood stanched.
45 Then Iesus sayd, Who is it that hath touched me? When euery man denied, Peter sayd and they that were with him, Master, the multitude thrust thee, and tread on thee, & sayest thou, Who hath touched me?
46 And Iesus sayde, Some one hath touched me: for I perceiue that vertue is gone out of me.
47 When the woman sawe that she was not hid, she came trembling, and fell downe before him, and tolde him before all the people, for what cause she had touched him, and how she was healed immediatly.
48 And he said vnto her, Daughter, be of good comfort: thy faith hath saued thee: go in peace.)
49 While he yet spake, there came one from the ruler of the Synagogues house, which sayde to him, Thy daughter is dead: disease not the Master.
50 When Iesus heard it, he answered him, saying, Feare not: beleeue onely, and she shall be saued.
51 And when he went into the house, he suffered no man to goe in with him, saue Peter, and Iames, and Iohn, and the father and mother of the maide.
52 And all wept, and [Note: [o] The worde signifieth to beate and strike, and is transferred to the mournings, and lamentatations, that are at burials, at which sinnes men vse such kinde of behauiour. ] sorowed for her: but he sayd, Weepe not: for she is not dead, but sleepeth.
53 And they laught him to scorne, knowing that she was dead.
54 So he thrust them all out, and tooke her by the hand, and cryed, saying, Maide, arise.
55 And her spirite came againe, and she [Note: [p] The corps was layed out, and the wench receiued life, and rose out of the bed, that all the worlde might see, she was not onely restored to life, but also voyde of all sickneße. ] rose straightway: and he comanded to giue her meate.
56 Then her parents were astonied: but hee commaunded them that they should tell no man what was done.
1 The Apostles are sent to preach. 7 and 19 The common peoples opinion of Christ. 12 Of the fiue loaues and two fishes. 20 The Apostles confession. 24 To lose the life. 35 We must heare Christ. 37 The poßeßed of a spirit. 46 Strife among the Apostles for the Primacie. 49 One casting out deuils in Christes Name. 52 The Samaritans will not receiue Christ. 55 Reuenge forbidden. 57.59.61 Of three that would followe Christ, but on diuers conditions.
1 Then [Note: Matth.10.1. mar.3.13. and 6.7. ] [Note:  The twelue Apostles are sent foorth at the onely commaundement of Christ, and furnished with the power of the holy Ghost: both that none of the Israelites might pretende ignorance, and also that they might be better prepared to their generall ambassie. ] called hee his twelue disciples together, and gaue them power and authoritie ouer all deuils, and to heale diseases.
2 [Note: Matth.10.7. ] And hee sent them foorth to preach the kingdome of God, and to cure the sicke.
3 And he sayd to them, [Note: Matth.10.9. marke 6.8. ] Take nothing to your iourney, neither staues, nor scrip, neither bread, nor siluer, neither haue two coates apiece.
4 And whatsoeuer house ye enter into, there [Note: [a] When you depart out of any citie, depart from thence, where you first tooke vp your lodging: so that in fewe wordes, the Lord forbiddeth them to change their lodgings: for this publishing of the Gospel, was as it were a thorow paßage, that none of Iudea might pretende ignorance, as though he had not heard that Christ was come. ] abide, and thence depart.
5 And howe many so euer will not receiue you, when ye goe out of that citie, [Note: Chap.10.11. mat.10.14. mark 6.11. act.13.51. ] shake off the very dust from your feete for a testimonie against them.
6 And they went out, & went through euery towne preaching the Gospel, and healing euery where.
7 ¶ [Note: Mat.14.1. mar.6.14. ] [Note:  So soone as the world heareth tidings of the Gospel, it is deuided into diuers opinions, and the tyrants especially are afrayd. ] Nowe Herod the Tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he [Note: [b] He stucke as it were fast in the myre. ] douted, because that it was sayd of some, that Iohn was risen
[The fiue loaues and two fishes.]
againe from the dead:
8 And of some, that Elias had appeared: and of some, that one of the olde Prophets was risen againe.
9 Then Herod sayd, Iohn haue I beheaded: who then is this of whome I heare such things? and he desired to see him.
10 ¶ [Note: Marke 6.30. ] [Note:  They shall lacke nothing that followe Christ, no not in the wildernesse. ] And when the Apostles returned, they tolde him what great things they had done. [Note: Matth.14.13. marke 6.32. ] Then he tooke them to him, and went aside into a [Note: [c] The word signifieth a desart: note this was not in the towne Bethsaida, but part of the fieldes belonging to the towne. ] solitarie place, neere to the citie called Bethsaida.
11 But when the people knewe it, they followed him: and he receiued them, and spake vnto them of the kingdome of God, and healed them that had neede to be healed.
12 [Note: Math.14.15. mar.6.35. iohn 6.5. ] And when the day began to weare away, the twelue came, and sayd vnto him, Sende the people away, that they may goe into the townes and villages round about, and lodge, & get meate: for we are here in a desart place.
13 But he sayd vnto them, Giue ye them to eate. And they sayd, We haue no mo but fiue loaues and two fishes, [Note: [d] This is vnperfectly spoken, and therefore we must vnderstand something, as this, we can not giue them to eate, vnleße we goe and buy, &c. ] except we should go and buy meate for all this people.
14 For they were about fiue thousand men. Then he sayde to his disciples, Cause them to sit downe by fifties in a company.
15 And they did so, and caused all to sit downe.
16 Then he tooke the fiue loaues, and the two fishes, & looked vp to heauen, and [Note: [e] He gaue God thankes for these loaues and fishes, and withall prayed him to feede this so great a multitude with so small a quantitie, and to be short, that this whole banket might be to the glory of God. ] blessed them, and brake, and gaue to the disciples, to set before the people.
17 So they did all eate, and were satisfied: and there was taken vp of that remained to them, twelue baskets full of broken meate.
18 ¶ [Note: Matth.16.13. marke 8.27. ] [Note:  Although the world be tossed vp and downe, betwixt diuers errours, yet wee ought not to contemne the trueth, but be so much the more desirous to know it, and be more constant to confesse it. ] And it came to passe, as hee was [Note: [f] Alone from the people. ] alone praying, his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say the people that I am?
19 They answered, and sayd, Iohn Baptist: and others say, Elias: and some say, that one of the olde Prophets is risen againe.
20 And he sayd vnto them, But whom say ye that I am? Peter answered, and sayd, That Christ of God.
21 And he warned and commaunded them, that they should tell that to no man,
22 [Note:  Christ himselfe attained to the heauenly glory, by the crosse and inuincible patience, ] Saying, [Note: Matt.17.22. mar.8.31. ] The Sonne of man must suffer many things and be reproued of the Elders, and of the hie Priests and Scribes, and be slaine, and the third day rise againe.
23 ¶ [Note: Chap.14.27. mat.10.38. and 16.24. mar.8.34. ] And he sayd to them all, If any man will come after me, let him denie himselfe, & take vp his crosse [Note: [g] Euen as one day followeth another, so doeth one croße follow another, and the croße is by the figure Metonymie, taken for the miseries of this life: for to be hanged, was the sorest and cruelst punishment, that was amongst the Iewes. ] dayly, and followe me.
24 [Note: Chap.17.33. mat.10.39. and 16 25. iohn 12.25. ] For whosoeuer will saue his life, shal lose it: and whosoeuer shall lose his life for my sake, the same shall saue it.
25 [Note: Matth.16.26. marke 8.36. ] For what auantageth it a man, if he win the whole worlde, and destroy himselfe, or lose himselfe?
26 [Note: Chap.12.9. mat.10.33. mark.8.38. 2.tim 2 12. ] For whosoeuer shall be ashamed of me, and of my wordes, of him shall the Sonne of man be ashamed, when hee shall come in his glorie, and in the glorie of the Father, and of the holy Angels.
27 [Note: Matth.16.28. marke 9.1. ] And I tell you of a suretie, there be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they haue seene the kingdome of God.
[The transfiguration of Christ.]
28 [Note: Matth.17.2. marke 9.2. ] [Note:  Lest the disciples of Christ should be offended at the debasing himselfe in his flesh, he teacheth them that it is voluntarie, shewing therewithall for a space, the brightnesse of his glory. ] And it came to passe about an eyght dayes after those wordes, that he tooke Peter and Iohn, and Iames, and went vp into a mountaine to pray.
29 And as he prayed, the fashion of his countenance was changed, and his garment was white and glistered.
30 And beholde, two men talked with him, which were Moses and Elias:
31 Which appeared in glory, and tolde of his [Note: [h] What death he should die in Hierusalem. ] departing, which he shoulde accomplish at Hierusalem.
32 But Peter & they that were with him, were heauie with sleepe, and when they awoke, they saw his glorie, and the two men standing with him.
33 And it came to passe, as they departed fro him, Peter said vnto Iesus, Master, it is good for vs to be here: let vs therefore make three tabernacles, one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias, and wist not what he said.
34 Whiles he thus spake, there came a cloude and ouershadowed them, and they feared when they were entring into the cloude.
35 [Note: 2.Peter 1.17. ] And there came a voyce out of the cloud, saying, This is that my beloued Sonne, heare him.
36 And when the voyce was past, Iesus was found alone: and they kept it close, and tolde no man in [Note: [i] Vntill Christ was risen againe from the dead. ] those dayes any of those things which they had seene.
37 ¶ [Note:  Christ is offended with nothing so much, as with incredulitie, although he beare with it for a time. ] And it came to passe on the next day, as they came downe from the mountaine, much people met him.
38 [Note: Matth.17.14. marke 9.17. ] And beholde, a man of the companie cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, beholde my sonne: for he is all that I haue.
39 And loe, a spirit taketh him, and suddenly he crieth, and he teareth him, that he fometh, and hardly departeth from him, when he hath [Note: [k] As it fareth in the falling sicknesse. ] bruised him.
40 Nowe I haue besought thy disciples to cast him out, but they could not.
41 Then Iesus answered, & said, O generation faithlesse, and crooked, howe long now shall I be with you, and suffer you? bring thy sonne hither.
42 And whiles he was yet comming, the deuill rent him, and tare him: and Iesus rebuked the vncleane spirite, and healed the childe, and deliuered him to his father.
43 ¶ [Note:  We haue no cause to promise our selues rest and quietnesse in this worlde, seeing that they themselues, which seemed to fawne vpon Christ, doe shortly after crucifie him. ] And they were all amased at the mightie power of God: & while they all wondered at al things, which Iesus did, he said vnto his disciples,
44 [Note: [l] Giue diligent eare vnto them, and when you haue once heard them, see that you keepe them. ] Marke these wordes diligently: [Note: Matth.17.22. marke 9 31. ] for it shall come to passe, that the Sonne of man shalbe deliuered into the handes of men.
45 But they vnderstood not that word: for it was hid from them, so that they could not perceiue it: and they feared to aske him of that worde.
46 ¶ [Note: Matth 18.1. marke 9.35. ] [Note:  The ende of ambition is ignominie: but the ende of modest obedience is glory. ] Then there arose a disputation among them, which of them should be the greatest.
47 When Iesus sawe the thoughtes of their heartes, he tooke a litle childe, & set him by him,
48 And said vnto them, Whosoeuer receiueth this litle childe in my Name, receiueth me: and whosoeuer shall receiue me, receiueth him that sent me: for he that is least among you all, he shall be great.
49 ¶ [Note: Marke 9.38. ] [Note:  Extraordinarie things, are neither rashly to be alowed, not condemned. ] And Iohn answered and saide, Master, we sawe one casting out deuils in thy Name, and we forbad him, because he followeth thee not with vs.
50 Then Iesus saide vnto him, Forbid ye him not: for he that is not against vs, is with vs.
51 ¶ [Note:  Christ goeth willingly to death. ] And it came to passe, when the dayes were accomplished, that he should be receiued vp, he [Note: [m] Word for word, he hardened his face: that is, he resolued with himselfe to die, and therefore ventured vpon his iourney, and cast away all feare of death, and went on. ] setled himselfe fully to goe to Hierusalem,
52 And sent messengers before him: and they went and entred into a towne of the Samaritans, to prepare him lodging.
53 But they woulde not receiue him, because his behauiour was, as though he would go to Hierusalem.
54 [Note:  We must take heede of the immoderatenesse of zeale, and fonde imitation, euen in good causes, that, whatsoeuer we do, we doe it to Gods glorie, and the profite of our neighbour. ] And when his disciples, Iames and Iohn sawe it, they saide, Lorde, wilt thou that we commaund, that fire come downe from heauen, and consume them, euen as [Note: 2.King.1.10, 12, 13. ] Elias did?
55 But Iesus turned about, & rebuked them, and said, Ye knowe not of what [Note: [n] So speake the Hebrewes, that is, you knowe not what will, minde, and counsell you are of: so the giftes of God are called the spirite, because they are giuen of Gods Spirite, and so are they, that are contrary to them, which proceede of the wicked spirite, as the spirite of couetousneße, of pride, and madnesse. ] spirit ye are.
56 For the Sonne of man is not come to destroy mens liues, but to saue them. Then they went to another towne.
57 ¶ [Note:  Such as follow Christ must prepare themselues, to suffer all discommodities. ] And it came to passe that as they went in the way, [Note: Matth.8.19. ] a certaine man said vnto him, I will followe thee, Lord, whithersoeuer thou goest.
58 And Iesus saide vnto him, The foxes haue holes, and the birdes of the heauen nestes, but the Sonne of man hath not whereon to lay his head.
59 [Note:  The calling of God ought to be preferred, without all controuersie, before all dueties that we owe to men. ] But he said vnto another, Followe me. And the same said, Lord, suffer me first to goe and burie my father.
60 And Iesus said vnto him, Let the dead burie [Note: [o] Who notwithstanding that they liue in this fraile life of man, yet are strangers from the true life, which is euerlasting and heauenly. ] their dead: but go thou, and preache the kingdome of God.
61 [Note:  Such as folowe Christ, must at once renounce all worldly cares. ] Then another saide, I will followe thee, Lord: but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at mine house.
62 And Iesus saide vnto him, No man that putteth his hand to the plough, and looketh backe, is apt to the kingdome of God.
1 The seuentie disciples. 10 The vnthankfull cities charged with impietie. 17 The disciples returning home, are warned to be humble. 30 Who is our neighbour. 38 Of Martha and her sister Marie.
1 After [Note: Matth.10.1. ] [Note:  The seuentie are sent as the second forewarners of the comming of Christ. ] these thinges, the Lorde appointed other seuentie also, and sent them, two and two before him into euery citie and place, whither he himselfe should come.
2 And he said vnto them, [Note: Matth.9.37. ] The haruest is great, but the labourers are fewe: pray therefore the Lord of the haruest to sende foorth labourers into his haruest.
3 [Note: Matth.10.16. ] [Note:  The faithfull ministers of the worde are in this worlde, as lambes among wolues: but if they be diligent to doe their duetie, he that sent them will also preserue them. ] Goe your wayes: beholde, I send you foorth as lambes among wolues.
4 Beare no bagge, neither scrippe, nor shoes, and [Note: 2.King.4.29. ] salute [Note: [a] This is spoken after the maner of a figure, which men vse, when they put downe more in wordes, then is meant: vsuall among the Hebrewes, when they commaunde a thing to be done speedily without delay, as 2.King.4.29 for otherwise courteous and gentle salutations, are pointes of Christian duetie: as for the calling it was but for a season. ] no man by the way.
5 [Note: Matth.10.12. marke 6.10. ] And into whatsoeuer house ye enter, first say, Peace be to this house.
6 And if the [Note: [b] So speake the Hebrewes: that is, he that fauoureth the doctrine of peace and imbraceth it. ] sonne of peace be there, your peace shall rest vpon him: if not, it shall turne to you againe.
[The vnthankfull cities threatened.]
7 And in that house [Note: [c] Take vp your lodging in that house, which ye first enter into, that is, be not carefull for commodious lodging, as men doe which purpose to tary long in a place: for here is not instituted that solemne preaching of the Gospel, which was vsed afterwarde, when the Churches were setled: but these are sent abroade to all the coastes of Iudea, to giue them to vnderstand, that the last Iubile is at hand. ] tary still, eating and drinking such things as by them shall be set before you: [Note: Deut. 24.14. matth.10.10. 1.tim.5.18. ] for the labourer is worthy of his wages. Goe not from house to house.
8 [Note: Matth.10.11. ] But into whatsoeuer citie ye shall enter, if they receiue you, [Note: [d] Content your selues with that meate, that is set before you. ] eate such things as are set before you,
9 And heale the sicke that are there, and say vnto them, The kingdome of God is come neere vnto you.
10 [Note:  God is a most seuere reuenger of the ministerie of his Gospel. ] But into whatsoeuer citie ye shall enter, if they will not receiue you, goe your wayes out into the streetes of the same, and say,
11 Euen the very [Note: Chap.9.3. actes 13.51. and 18.6. ] dust, which cleaueth on vs of your citie, we wipe off against you: notwithstanding knowe this, that the kingdome of God was come neere vnto you.
12 For I say to you, that it shall be easier in that day for them of Sodom, then for that citie.
13 [Note: Matth.11.21. ] Woe be to thee, Chorazin: woe be to thee, Beth-saida: for if the miracles had bene done in Tyrus and Sidon, which haue bene done in you, they had a great while agone repented, sitting in sackecloth and ashes.
14 Therefore it shall be easier for Tyrus, and Sidon, at the iudgement, then for you.
15 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted to heauen, shalt be thrust downe to hell.
16 ¶ [Note: Matth.10.40. iohn 13.20. ] He that heareth you, heareth me: and he that despiseth you, despiseth me: and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me.
17 ¶ [Note:  Neither the gift of miracles, neither what els soeuer excellent gift, but onely our election giueth vs occasion of true ioy: And the onely publishing of the Gospel is the destruction of Satan. ] And the seuentie turned againe with ioy, saying, Lord, euen the deuils are subdued to vs [Note: [e] For Christs disciples vsed no absolute authoritie, but wrought such miracles, as they did, by calling vpon Christes Name. ] through thy Name.
18 And he said vnto them, I sawe Satan, like lightening, [Note: [f] Paul placeth the deuill and his angels, in the aire, Ephe.6.12. and by is saide to be cast downe from thence by force, when his power is abolished by the voyce of the Gospel. ] fall downe from heauen.
19 Beholde, I giue vnto you power to treade on Serpents, and Scorpions, & ouer all the power of the enemie, and nothing shall [Note: [g] Shall doe you wrong. ] hurt you.
20 Neuerthelesse, in this reioyce not, that the spirits are subdued vnto you: but rather reioyce, because your names are written in heauen.
21 ¶ [Note:  The Church is contemptible, if we beholde the outward face of it, but the wisedome of God is not so marueilous, in any thing, as in it. ] That same houre reioyced Iesus in the spirit, and said, I confesse vnto thee, Father, Lord of heauen & earth, that thou hast hid these things from the [Note: [h] Of this worlde. ] wise and vnderstanding, and hast reueiled them to babes: euen so, Father, because it so pleased thee. [Note: Then he turned to his disciples, and said, Is read in some copies. ]
22 [Note:  Whosoeuer seeketh the Father without the Sonne, wandereth out of the way. ] All things are giuen me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Sonne is, but the Father: neither who the Father is, saue the Sonne, and he to whom the Sonne will reueile him.
23 ¶ [Note:  The difference of the old Testament and the newe consisteth in the measure of reuelation. ] And he turned to his disciples, and said secretly, [Note: Matth.13 16. ] Blessed are the eyes, which see that ye see.
24 For I tell you that many Prophets and Kings haue desired to see those things, which ye see, and haue not seene them: and to heare those things which ye heare, and haue not heard them.
25 ¶ [Note: Matth.22.35. mar.12.28. ] [Note:  Faith doeth not take away but establisheth the doctrine of the Law. ] Then beholde, [Note: [i] One of them, that professed himselfe to be learned in the actes and lawes of Moses. ] a certaine Lawyer stoode vp, and tempted him, saying, Master, what shall I doe, to inherite eternall life?
26 And he saide vnto him, What is written in the Lawe? howe readest thou?
27 And he answered, and saide, [Note: Deut.6.5. ] Thou shalt
[Who is our neighbour.]
loue thy Lord God with all thine heart, and with all thy soule, and with all thy strength, and with all thy thought, [Note: Leuit.19.18. ] and thy neighbour as thy selfe.
28 Then he said vnto him, Thou hast answered right: this doe, and thou shalt liue.
29 [Note:  All they are comprehended in the name of our neighbour, by the Lawe, whomsoeuer we may helpe. ] But he willing to [Note: [k] That is, to vouch his righteousnesse, or shewe, that he was iust, that is, voide of all faultie and Iames 5. vseth the worde of iustification in this sense. ] iustifie himselfe, said vnto Iesus, Who is then my neighbour?
30 And Iesus answered, and saide, A certaine man went downe from Hierusalem to Iericho, and fell among theeues, and they robbed him of his raiment, and wounded him, and departed, leauing him halfe dead.
31 Nowe so it fell out, that there came downe a certaine Priest that same way, and when he sawe him, he passed by on the other side.
32 And likewise also a Leuite, when he was come neere to the place, went and looked on him, and passed by on the other side.
33 Then a certaine Samaritane, as he iourneyed, came neere vnto him, and when he sawe him, he had compassion on him,
34 And went to him, & bound vp his wounds, and powred in oyle and wine, and put him on his owne beast, and brought him to an Inne, and made prouision for him.
35 And on the morowe when he departed, he tooke out two pence, and gaue them to the hoste, and said vnto him, Take care of him, and whatsoeuer thou spendest more, when I come againe, I will recompense thee.
36 Which nowe of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour vnto him that fell among the theeues?
37 And he saide, He that shewed mercie on him. Then said Iesus vnto him, Goe, and do thou likewise.
38 ¶ [Note:  Christ careth not to be entertained delicately, but to be heard diligently, that is it, which he especially requireth. ] Nowe it came to passe, as they went, that he entred into a certaine towne, and a certaine woman named Martha, receiued him into her house.
39 And she had a sister called Marie, which also sate at Iesus feete, and heard his preaching.
40 But Martha was combred about much seruing, and came to him, and saide, Master, doest thou not care that my sister hath left me to serue alone? bid her therefore, that she helpe me.
41 And Iesus answered, and said vnto her, Martha, Martha, thou carest, and art troubled about many things:
42 But one thing is needefull, Marie hath chosen the good part, which shall not be taken away from her.
1 He teacheth his Apostles to pray. 14 The domme deuill driuen out. 27 A woman of the companie lifteth vp her voyce. 29 The Iewes require signes. 37 He being feasted of the Pharise, reproueth the outward shewe of holinesse.
1 And so it was, that as he was praying in a certaine place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said vnto him, Lord, teache vs to pray, as Iohn also taught his disciples.
2 [Note: Matth.6.9. ] And he said vnto them, When ye pray, say, [Note:  A forme of true prayer. ] Our Father, which art in heauen, halowed be thy Name: Thy kingdome come: Let thy will be done, euen in earth, as it is in heauen:
3 Our dayly bread giue vs [Note: [a] That is, as much as is needefull for vs this day, whereby we are not debarred, to haue an honest care for the maintenance of our liues, but that carping care, which killeth a number of men, is cut off and restrained. ] for the day:
4 And forgiue vs our sinnes: for euen we forgiue euery man that is indetted to vs: And leade vs not into temptation: but deliuer vs from euill.
5 ¶ [Note:  We must pray with faith. ] Moreouer he said vnto them, Which of
[Aske, seeke, and knocke.]
you shall haue a friende, and shall goe to him at midnight, and say vnto him, Friende, lende mee three loaues?
6 For a friende of mine is come out of the way to me, & I haue nothing to set before him:
7 And hee within shoulde answere, and say, Trouble mee not: the doore is nowe shut, and my children are with mee in bed: I can not rise and giue them to thee.
8 I say vnto you, Though he would not arise and giue him, because he is his friende, yet doubtlesse because of his [Note: [b] Worde for worde, impudency: but that impudencie which is spoken of here, is not to be founde fault withall, but is very commendable before God, for hee liketh well of such importunitie. ] importunitie, hee woulde rise, and giue him as many as he needed.
9 [Note: Matt.7.7. & 21.22. mar.11.24. iohn 14.13. & 16.23. iames 1.5. ] And I say vnto you, Aske, and it shall be giuen you: seeke, and yee shall finde: knocke, and it shalbe opened vnto you.
10 [Note: Matt.7.8. ] For euery one that asketh, receiueth: and he that seeketh, findeth: & to him that knocketh, it shalbe opened.
11 [Note: Matt.7.9. ] If a sonne shall aske bread of any of you that is a father, will he giue him a stone? or if hee aske a fish, will he for a fish giue him a serpent?
12 Or if hee aske an egge, will hee giue him a scorpion?
13 If yee then which are euill, can giue good giftes vnto your children, howe much more shall your heauenly Father giue the holy Ghost to them, that desire him?
14 ¶ [Note: Matt.9.32. & 12.22. ] Then hee cast out a deuill which was domme: and when the deuill was gone out, the domme spake, and the people wondered.
15 [Note:  An example of horrible blindnes, and such as cannot be healed, when as vpon an euill conscience, and pretended malice, the power of God is blasphemed. ] But some of them said, [Note: Mat.9 34. & 12.24. mar.3.22. ] He casteth out deuils through Beelzebub the chiefe of ye deuils.
16 And others tempted him, seeking of him a signe from heauen.
17 [Note:  The true way to knowe the true Christ, from the false, is this, that the true Christ hath no accorde or agreement with Satan: And it remaineth that after we knowe him, we acknowledge him. ] But he knew their thoughts, and said vnto them, [Note: Matt.12.25. mar.3.24. ] Euery kingdom deuided against it self, shall be desolate, and an house deuided against an house, falleth.
18 So if Satan also bee deuided against himselfe, howe shall his kingdome stande, because yee say that I cast out deuils [Note: [c] By the name and power of Beelzebub. ] through Beelzebub?
19 If I through Beelzebub cast out deuils, by whome doe your children cast them out? Therefore shall they be your iudges.
20 But if I by ye [Note: [d] That is, by the power of God: so it is said, Exod.8.19. ] finger of God cast out deuils, doutles the kingdome of God is come vnto you.
21 When a strong man armed keepeth his [Note: [e] The worde signifieth properly an open and voide roome before an house, and so by translation is taken for noble mens houses. ] palace, the thinges that hee possesseth, are in peace.
22 But when a stronger then hee, commeth vpon him, and ouercommeth him: hee taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and deuideth his spoiles.
23 [Note:  Against indifferent men, and such as loue to haue a meane, which seeke meanes to reconcile Christ and Satan together. ] He that is not with me, is against me: and he that gathereth not with me, scattereth.
24 [Note: Matt.12.43. ] [Note:  Hee that doeth not continue, is in worse case, then he that neuer begonne. ] When the vncleane spirite is gone out of a man, he walketh through drie places, seeking rest: and when he findeth none he saieth, I wil returne vnto mine house whence I came out.
25 And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished.
26 Then goeth hee, and taketh to him seuen other spirites worse then himselfe: and they enter in, and dwel there: [Note: Heb.6.4. 2 pet.2 20. ] so the last state of that man is worse then the first.
27 ¶ [Note:  Christ seeketh not praise in him selfe, but in our saluation. ] And it came to passe as he sayde these thinges, a certaine woman of the companie lifted vp her voyce, and sayde vnto him, Blessed is the wombe that bare thee, & the pappes which thou
[A single eie. Hypocrisie reprooued.]
28 But hee saide, Yea, rather blessed are they that heare the woorde of God, and keepe it.
29 ¶ [Note: Matt.12.38, 39. ] [Note:  They that are fonde desirers of miracles, in steade of miracles shall receiue punishment. ] And when the people were gathered thicke together, he began to say, This is a wicked generation: they seeke a signe, and there shall no signe be giuen them, but the signe of [Note: Ionas 1.12. ] Ionas the Prophet.
30 For as Ionas was a signe to the Niniuites: so shall also the Sonne of man bee to this generation.
31 [Note: 1.King.10.1. 2.chron.9.1. ] The Queene of the South shall rise in iudgement, with the men of this generation, and shall condemne them: for shee came from the vtmost partes of the earth to heare the wisedome of Solomon, and beholde, a greater then Solomon is here.
32 The men of Niniue shall rise in iudgement with this generation, and shall condemne it: for they [Note: Ionas 3.5. ] repented at the preaching of Ionas: and beholde, a greater then Ionas is here.
33 ¶ [Note: Chap.8.16. mat.5.15. mar.4.21. ] [Note:  Our mindes are therefore lightened with ye knowledge of God, that we shoulde giue light vnto others, and therefore our chiefest labour ought to be to pray for that light. ] No man when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a priuie place, neither vnder a bushell: but on a candlesticke, that they which come in, may see the light.
34 [Note: Mat.6.22. ] The light of the bodie is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, then is thy whole bodie light: but if thine eye be euill, then thy bodie is darke.
35 Take heede therefore, that the light which is in thee, be not darkenesse.
36 If therefore thy whole body shall be light, hauing no part darke, then shall all be light, euen as when a candle doth light thee with the brightnesse.
37 ¶ [Note:  The seruice of God consisteth not in outwarde cleanlinesse, and deuised rites or ceremonies, but in the spirituall righteousnesse of the heart and charity. ] And as hee spake, a certaine Pharise besought him to dine with him: and hee went in, and sate downe at table.
38 And when the Pharise saw it, he marueiled that he had not first washed before dinner.
39 [Note: Mat.23.25. ] And the Lord saide to him, In deede yee Pharises make cleane the outside of the cuppe, and of the platter: but the inwarde part is full of rauening and wickednesse.
40 Ye fooles, did not he that made that which is without, make that which is within also?
41 Therefore, giue almes [Note: [f] That is, according to your abilitie: as who would say, in stead of your extortions, which hindred you, that you coulde not ease cleanly, vse charitie, and accordingly as your abilitie shall serue you, bee good to the poore, and so shall that, that is within the platter, be sanctified though the platter be vnwashed. ] of those thinges which you haue, and beholde, all thinges shall be cleane to you.
42 [Note:  It is the propertie of hypocrites, to stande stoutly for litle trifles, and let passe greater matters. ] But wo be to you, Pharises: for ye [Note: [g] You decide by Gods Law that the tenth part is due to be paide. ] tithe the mynt and the rewe, and [Note: [h] Of all kinde of herbes some, as August. expoundeth it in his Enchiridion to Laurence, cap. 99. where he sheweth in like sort howe that place of Paul, 1.Tim.2.4. God will haue all men to be saued, is to be expounded after the same maner. ] all maner herbs, and passe ouer [Note: [i] That is to say, that that is right and reason to doe: for this woorde, Iudgement, conteineth the commaundements of the seconde table, and the other woordes, the loue of God, containe the first. ] iudgement & the loue of God: these ought yee to haue done, and not to haue left the other vndone.
43 [Note: Chap.20.46. matt.23.6. mar.12. 38, 39. ] [Note:  Hypocrisie and ambition are commonly ioyned together. ] Wo be to you, Pharises: for ye loue the vppermost seats in the Synagogues, and greetings in the markets.
44 [Note:  Hypocrites deceiue men, with an outwarde shewe. ] Wo be to you, Scribes and Pharises, hypocrites: [Note: Matt.23.27. ] for ye are as graues which appeare not, and the men that walke ouer them, perceiue not.
45 ¶ [Note:  Hypocrites are very seuere against other men, but thinke all thinges lawfull to themselues. ] Then answered one of the Lawyers, and saide vnto him, Master, thus saying thou puttest vs to rebuke also.
46 And he sayde, Wo be to you also, yee Lawyers: [Note: Matt.23.4. actes 15.10. ] for yee lade men with burdens grieuous [Page]
[The Pharises leauen.]
to be borne, and yee your selues touche not the burdens with one of your fingers.
47 [Note:  Hypocrites honour those sainctes when they are dead, whome they most cruellie persecute, when they are aliue. ] Wo be to you: [Note: Mat.23.29. ] for ye builde the sepulchres of the Prophetes, and your fathers killed them.
48 Truely [Note: [k] When you persecute Gods seruants, like mad men, euen as your fathers did, though you colour it with a pretence of godlines, yet notwithstanding, in that you beautifie the sepulchres of the Prophets, what do you els, but glory in your fathers crueltie, and set vp monuments (as it were) in glory & triumph of it? ] ye beare witnesse, and allowe the deedes of your fathers: for they killed them, and yee build their sepulchres.
49 Therefore said the wisedome of God, I wil sende them Prophets and Apostles, and of them they shall slaie, and [Note: [l] They shall so vexe them and trouble them, that at length, they shall banish them. ] persecute away,
50 That the blood of all the Prophets, [Note: [m] That you may be called to an accompt for it, yea & be punished, for the sheading of that blood of the Prophets. ] shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation,
51 From the blood of [Note: Gen.4.8. ] Abel vnto the blood of [Note: 2.Chr.24.21. ] Zacharias, which was slaine betweene the altar and the Temple: verely I say vnto you, it shall be required of this generation.
52 [Note:  They haue of long time chiefly hindred the people, from entring into the knowledge of God, which ought to be the doore keepers of the Church. ] Wo be to you, Lawyers: for ye haue [Note: [n] You haue hidden and taken away, so that it cannot be founde any where. ] taken away the key of knowledge: ye entred not in your selues, and them that came in, ye forbade.
53 [Note:  The more the worlde is reprehended, the worse it is, and yet must we not betray the trueth. ] And as he sayde these things vnto them, the Scribes and Pharises began to vrge him sore, and to [Note: [o] They proposed many questions to him, to drawe some thing out of his mouth, which they might traiterously carpe at. ] prouoke him to speake of many things,
54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catche some thing of his mouth, whereby they might accuse him.
1 The leauen of the Pharises. 5 Who is to be feared. 8 To confesse Christ. 17 The Parable of the rich man whose land was very fertill. 22 Not to care for earthly things, 31 but to seeke the kingdome of God. 39 The thiefe in the night. 51 Debate for the Gospels sake.
1 In [Note: Mat.16.5. mar.8.14. ] [Note:  The faithfull teachers of Gods woorde, which are appoynted by him for his people, must both take good heede of them, which corrupt the puritie of doctrine with goodly gloses, and also take paines through the helpe of God, to set foorth syncere doctrine, openly and without feare. ] the meane time, there gathered together [Note: [a] Word for word, tenne thousands of people, a certaine number for an vncertaine. ] an innumerable multitude of people, so that they trode one another: and he began to say vnto his disciples first, Take heede to your selues of the leauen of the Pharises, which is hypocrisie.
2 [Note: Mat.10.26. mar.4.22. ] For there is nothing couered, that shall not bee reueiled: neither hidde, that shall not be knowen.
3 Wherefore whatsoeuer yee haue spoken in darkenesse, it shall be heard in the light: and that which ye haue spoken in the eare, in secret places, shall be preached on the houses.
4 [Note: Mat.10.28. ] [Note:  Although hypocrites haue princes to execute their crueltie, yet there is no cause why we shoulde be afraide of them, the least iote that may be, seeing they can do nothing, but what pleaseth God, & God will not any thing that may be against the saluation of his elect. ] And I say vnto you, my friendes, be not afraide of them that kill the bodie, and after that are not able to doe any more.
5 But I wil [Note: [b] He warneth them of dagers that presently hang ouer their heads, for those that come vpon the sodaine, do make the greater wound. ] forewarne you, who ye shal feare: feare him which after hee hath killed, hath power to cast into hell: yea, I say vnto you, him feare.
6 Are not fiue sparowes bought for two farthings, and yet not one of them is forgotten before God?
7 [Note: 1. Sam.14.45. act. 27.34. ] Yea, and all the heares of your head are nombred: feare not therefore: yee are more of value then many sparowes.
8 [Note: Chap.9.26. mat.10.32. mar.8.38. 2.tim.1.12. ] [Note:  Great is the rewarde of a constant confession: and horrible is the punishment of the denying of Christ, yea impossible to bee called backe againe shall the punishment be, if vpon set purpose, both with mouth and heart wee blaspheme a knowen trueth. ] Also I say vnto you, Whosoeuer shall
confesse mee before men, him shall the Sonne of man confesse also before the Angels of God.
9 But hee that shall denie mee before men, shall be denied before the Angels of God.
10 [Note: Mat.12.31. mar.3.28. 1.iohn 5.15. ] And whosoeuer shall speake a woorde against the Sonne of man, it shall be forgiuen him: but vnto him, that shal blaspheme ye holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiuen.
11 [Note: Mat.10.19. mar.13.11. ] [Note:  It is a great and hard conflict to confesse the trueth, yet hee that can doe all things, and is almightie, will not be wanting to the weakest which striue and contend, in his appointed time. ] And when they shal bring you vnto the Synagogues, and vnto the rulers and Princes, take no thought howe, or what thing ye shall answere, or what yee shall speake.
12 For the holy Ghost shall teache you in the same houre, what yee ought to say.
13 [Note:  Christ would not for three causes be a iudge to deuide an inheritance. First, for that he would not softer vp and cherish the fleshly opinion that the Iewes had of Messias: Secondly, for that he woulde distinguish the ciuill gouernance, from the Ecclesiasticall: Thirdly, to teache vs to beware of them which abuse the shewe of the Gospel and also the name of ministers, to their own priuate commodities. ] And one of the companie said vnto him, Master, bidde my brother deuide the inheritance with me.
14 And he said vnto him, Man, who made me a iudge, or a deuider ouer you?
15 Wherefore he said vnto them, Take heede, and beware of [Note: [c] By couetousnes is meant, that griedie desire to get, commonly with other mens hurt. ] couetousnesse: for though a man haue abundance, yet his life [Note: [d] God is the authour and preseruer of mans life, goods are not. ] standeth not in his riches.
16 [Note:  There are none more madde, then rich men which hang vpon their riches. ] And he put foorth a parable vnto them, saying, The [Note: [e] Or rather countrie, for here is set foorth a man that possesseth not a piece of ground only, but an whole countrey, as they do, which ioyne house to house, & field to field, Esa.5.8. ] grounde of a certaine riche man brought foorth fruites plenteously.
17 Therefore he [Note: [f] Made his reckoning within himselfe, which is the propertie of couetous churles that spend their life in those trifles. ] thought with himselfe, saying, What shall I doe, because I haue no roume, where I may lay vp my fruites?
18 And he said, This wil I do, I wil pul downe my barnes, and builde greater, and therein will I gather all my fruites, and my goods.
19 And I wil say to my soule, Soule, thou hast much goods laide vp for many yeeres: liue at ease, eate, drinke and [Note: [g] Be mery & make good cheare. ] take thy pastime.
20 But God said vnto him, O foole, this night wil they fetch away thy soule fro thee: then whose shall those things be which thou hast prouided?
21 So is he that gathereth riches [Note: [h] Caring for no man but for himselfe, & minding to trust in himselfe. ] to himselfe, and is not riche in God.
22 [Note:  An earnest thinking vpon the prouidence of God, is a present remedie against the most foolish, and pining carefulnesse of men, for this life. ] And he spake vnto his disciples, Therefore I say vnto you, [Note: Mat.6.25. 1.pet. 5.7. psal.55.22. ] Take no thought for your life, what yee shall eate: neither for your body, what yee shall put on.
23 The life is more then meate: and the body more then the raiment.
24 Consider the rauens: for they neither sowe nor reape: which neither haue storehouse nor barne, & yet God feedeth them: how much more are yee better then foules?
25 And which of you with taking thought, can adde to his stature one cubite?
26 If yee then bee not able to doe the least thing, why take yee thought for the remnant?
27 Consider the lilies howe they growe: they labour not, neither spin they: yet I say vnto you, that Solomon himselfe in all his royaltie was not clothed like one of these.
28 If then God so clothe the grasse which is to day in the field, and to morowe is cast into the ouen, howe much more will he clothe you, O yee of litle faith?
29 Therefore aske not what yee shall eate, or what ye shal drinke, neither [Note: [i] A Metaphore taken of thinges that hang in the aire, for they that are carefull for this worldly life, and hang vpon the arme of man, haue alwaies wauering & doubtfull mindes, swaying sometimes this way, & sometimes that way. ] hag you in suspense.
30 For all such things the people of the world seeke for: and your Father knoweth that ye haue neede of these things.
[The faithfull seruant.]
31 [Note:  They shall lacke nothing, which are carefull for the kingdome of heauen. ] But rather seeke ye after the kingdome of God, and all these things shalbe cast vpon you.
32 [Note:  It is a foolish thing, not to looke for small things, at his hands, which giueth vs freely the greatest things. ] Feare not, litle flocke: for it is your Fathers pleasure, to giue you the kingdome.
33 ¶ [Note: Matth.6.20. ] [Note:  A godly bountifulnesse is a ready way to get true riches. ] Sell that ye haue, and giue [Note: [k] This is the figure Metonymie, for by this worde, Almes, is meant that compassion, and friendlinesse of an heart, that tendreth the miserie and poore estate of a man, and sheweth foorth it selfe by some gift, and hath the name giuen it in the Greeke tongue, of mercie and compassion: and therefore he is saide to giue almes, who parteth with some thing to another, and giueth to the poore, shewing thereby, that he pitieth their poore estate. ] almes: make you bagges, which waxe not old, a treasure that can neuer faile in heauen, where no theefe commeth, neither mothe corrupteth.
34 For where your treasure is, there will your hearts be also.
35 ¶ [Note: 1.Peter 1.13. ] [Note:  The life of the faithfull seruants of God, in this worlde is a certaine watchfull peregrination, hauing the light of the worde going before it. ] Let your loynes be gird about and your lights burning,
36 And ye your selues like vnto men that waite for their master, when he will returne from the wedding, that when he commeth and knocketh, they may open vnto him immediatly.
37 Blessed are those seruants, whom the Lord when he commeth shall finde waking: verely I say vnto you, he will girde himselfe about, and make them to sit downe at table, and will come forth, and serue them.
38 And if he come in the seconde watch, or come in the third watch, and shall finde them so, blessed are those seruants.
39 [Note: Matth.24.43. reue.16.15. and 3.3. ] Nowe vnderstand this, that if the good man of the house had knowen at what houre the theefe would haue come, he would haue watched, and would not haue suffered his house to be digged through.
40 [Note:  None haue more neede to watch, then they that haue some degree of honour, in the houshold of God. ] Be ye also prepared therefore: for the Sonne of man will come at an houre when ye thinke not.
41 Then Peter saide vnto him, Master, tellest thou this parable vnto vs, or euen to all?
42 And the Lord saide, Who is a faithfull steward and wise, whom the master shall make ruler ouer his householde, to giue them their [Note: [l] That is, euery moneth such measure of corne as was appointed them. ] portion of meate in season?
43 Blessed is that seruant, whom his master when he commeth, shall finde so doing.
44 Of a trueth I say vnto you, that he wil make him ruler ouer all that he hath.
45 But if that seruant say in his heart, My master doeth deferre his comming, and ginne to smite the seruants, and maydens, and to eate, and drinke, and to be drunken,
46 The master of that seruant will come in a day when he thinketh not, and at an houre when he is not ware of, and will cut him off, and giue him his portion with the vnbeleeuers.
47 ¶ And that seruant that knewe his masters will, and prepared not himselfe, neither did according to his will, shalbe beaten with many stripes.
48 But he that knewe it not, and yet did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with fewe stripes: for vnto whomsoeuer much is giuen, of him shalbe much required, and to whom men much commit, [Note: [m] More then of him, to whom so much was not giuen. ] the more of him will they aske.
49 ¶ [Note:  The Gospel is the onely cause of peace betweene the godly: and so is it the occasion of great trouble among the wicked. ] I am come to put fire on the earth, and what is my desire, if it be already kindled?
50 Notwithstanding I must be baptized with a baptisme, & how am I grieued, till it be ended?
51 [Note: Matth.10.34. ] Thinke ye that I am come to giue peace on earth? I tell you, nay, but rather debate.
52 For from hencefoorth there shall be fiue in one house deuided, three against two, and two against three.
53 The father shalbe deuided against ye sonne, and the sonne against the father: the mother against the daughter, and the daughter against the
[Gods iudgements vnsearchable.]
mother: the mother in lawe against her daughter in lawe, and the daughter in lawe against her mother in lawe.
54 ¶ [Note: Matth.16.2. ] [Note:  Men which are very quicke of sight in earthly things, are blinde in those things, which pertaine to the heauenly life, and that through their owne malice. ] Then said he to the people, When ye see a cloude [Note: [n] Which appeareth, and gathereth it selfe together in that part of the ayre. ] rise out of the West, straightway ye say, A shower commeth: and so it is.
55 And when ye see the South winde blowe, ye say, that it wilbe hoate: & it commeth to passe.
56 Hypocrites, ye can discerne the face of the earth, and of the skie: but why discerne ye not this time?
57 [Note:  Men that are blinded with the loue of themselues, and therefore are detestable and stubburne, shall beare the reward of their folly. ] Yea, and why iudge ye not of your selues what is right?
58 ¶ [Note: Matth.5.25. ] While thou goest with thine aduersarie to the ruler, as thou art in the way, giue diligence in the way, that thou mayest be deliuered from him, least he drawe thee to the iudge, and the iudge deliuer thee to the [Note: [o] To him that had to demaunde and gather the amercements, which they were condemned vnto, that had wrongfully troubled men: moreouer, the magistrates officers make them which are condemned, pay that, that they owe, yea and oftentimes if they be obstinate, they doe not onely take the costes and charges of them, but also imprison them. ] iayler, and the iayler cast thee into prison.
59 I tell thee, thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast payed the vtmost mite.
1 Of the Galileans, 4 and those that were slaine vnder Siloam. 6 The figge tree that bare no fruite. 11 The woman vexed with the spirit of infirmitie, that is, with a disease brought on her by Satan, is healed. 19 The parable of the graine of mustard seede. 21 Of leauen. 23 How fewe shall be saued. 32 Herod that foxe.
1 There [Note:  We must not reioyce at the iust punishment of others, but rather be instructed thereby to repentance. ] were certaine men present at the same season, that shewed him of the Galileans, whose blood [Note: [a] Pontius Pilate was gouernour of Iudea, almost tenne yeeres, and aboue the fourth yeere of his gouernement, which might be about the fifteenth yeere of Tyberias reigne, Christ finished the worke of our redemption by his death. ] Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.
2 And Iesus answered, and saide vnto them, Suppose ye, that these Galileans were greater sinners then al the other Galileans, because they haue suffered such things?
3 I tell you, nay: but except ye amend your liues, ye shall all likewise perish.
4 Or thinke you that those eighteene, vpon whom the tower in [Note: [b] To wit, in the place, or riuer: for Siloam was a small riuer, from whence the conduites of the citie came, whereof Iohn 9.7. and Esai 8.6. and therefore it was a towre or castle, built vpon the conduit side, which fell downe suddenly and killed some. ] Siloam fell, and slewe them, were sinners aboue all men yt dwel in Hierusalem?
5 I tell you, nay: but except ye amend your liues, ye shall all likewise perish.
6 ¶ [Note:  Great and long suffering is the patience of God, but yet so that at length he executeth iudgement. ] He spake also this parable, A certaine man had a figge tree planted in his vineyard: and he came & sought fruite thereon, & found none.
7 Then said he to the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, this three yeeres haue I come and sought fruite of this figge tree, and finde none: cut it downe: why keepeth it also the ground [Note: [c] Maketh the ground barren in that part, which otherwise were good for vines. ] barren?
8 And he answered, and said vnto him, Lord, let it alone this yeere also, till I digge round about it, and doung it.
9 And if it beare fruite, well: if not, then after thou shalt cut it downe.
10 ¶ [Note:  Christ came to deliuer vs from the bands of Satan. ] And he taught in one of ye Synagogues on the Sabbath day.
11 And behold, there was a woman which had a [Note: [d] Troubled with a disease which Satan brought. ] spirit of infirmitie eighteene yeeres, and was bowed together, and coulde not lift vp her selfe in any wise.
12 When Iesus sawe her, he called her to him, and said to her, Woman, thou art [Note: [e] For Satan had the woman bounde, as if she had bene in chaines, in so much that for eighteene yeeres space, she coulde not holde vp her head. ] loosed from thy disease.
13 And he laide his handes on her, and immediatly [Page]
[The straite gate.]
she was made straight againe, and glorified God.
14 [Note:  A liuely image of hypocrisie, and rewarde thereof. ] And the [Note: [f] One of the Rulers of the Synagogue, for it appeareth by Mar. 5.22. and Actes 13.15. that there were many rulers of the Synagogue. ] ruler of the Synagogue answered with indignation, because that Iesus healed on the Sabbath day, and said vnto the people, There are sixe dayes in which men ought to worke: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day.
15 Then answered him the Lord, and said, Hypocrite, doth not eche one of you on the Sabbath day loose his oxe or his asse from the stall, & leade him away to the water?
16 And ought not this daughter of Abraham, whom Satan had bound, loe, eighteene yeeres, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?
17 And when he said these things, all his aduersaries were ashamed: but all the people reioyced at all the excellent things, that were done by him.
18 ¶ [Note: Matth.13.31. marke 4.31. ] Then said he, What is the kingdome of God like? or whereto shall I compare it?
19 [Note:  God beginneth his kingdome with small beginnings, that the vnlooked for proceeding of it, may better set foorth his power. ] It is like a graine of mustard seede, which a man tooke & sowed in his garden, and it grewe, and waxed a great tree, and the foules of the heauen made nestes in the branches thereof.
20 ¶ [Note: Matth.13.33. ] And againe he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdome of God?
21 It is like leauen, which a woman tooke, and hid in three peckes of floure, till all was leauened.
22 ¶ [Note: Matth.9.35. marke 6.6. ] [Note:  Against them which had rather erre with many, then goe right with a fewe, and by that meanes thorow their owne slownesse, are shut out of the kingdome of God. ] And he went through all cities and townes, teaching, and iourneying towards Hierusalem.
23 Then saide one vnto him, Lorde, are there fewe that shalbe saued? And he said vnto them,
24 [Note: Matth.7.13. ] Striue to enter in at the straite gate: for many, I say vnto you, will seeke to enter in, and shall not be able.
25 When the good man of the house is risen vp, and hath shut to the doore, and ye begin to stand without, and to knocke at the doore, saying, Lord, Lord, open to vs, and he shall answere and say vnto you, I know you not whence ye are,
26 [Note:  He is in vaine in the Church, which is not of the Church, which thing the cleannes of life sheweth. ] Then shall ye begin to say, We haue eaten and drunke in thy presence, and thou hast taught in our streetes.
27 [Note: Mar.7.23. and 25.41. psal 6.8. ] But he shall say, I tell you, I knowe you not whence ye are: depart from me, all ye workers of iniquitie.
28 [Note:  The casting off of the Iewes, and the calling of the Gentiles is foretolde. ] There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth when ye shall see Abraham and Isaac, and Iacob, and all the Prophets in the kingdome of God, and your selues thrust out at doores.
29 Then shall come many from the [Note: [g] From all the quarters of the world, and these are foure of the chiefest. ] East, and from the West, and from the North, and from the South, and shall sit at Table in the kingdome of God.
30 [Note: Matth.19.30. and 20.16. marke 10.31. ] And beholde, there are last, which shalbe first, and there are first, which shalbe last.
31 [Note:  We must goe forwarde in the case of our calling, through the middest of terrours, whether they be true or fayned. ] The same day there came certaine Pharises, and said vnto him, Depart, and goe hence: for Herod will kill thee.
32 Then said he vnto them, Goe ye and tell that [Note: [h] That deceitfull & trecherous man. ] foxe, Beholde, I cast out deuils, and will heale still [Note: [i] That is, a small time, and Theophyl. saieth, it is a prouerbe: or els, by To day, we may vnderstand the time that nowe is, and by To morowe, the aime to come, meaning thereby, all the time of his ministerie and office. ] to day, and to morowe, and the third day I shalbe [Note: [k] To wit, when the sacrifice for sinne is ended. ] perfected.
33 [Note:  There are no where more cruell enemies of the godly, then they which are within the Sanctuarie and Church it selfe: but God seeth it, & will in his time haue an accompt of it. ] Neuerthelesse I must walke to day, and to morowe, and the day following: for it cannot be that a Prophet should perish out of Hierusalem.
34 [Note: Mat.23.37. ] O Hierusalem, Hierusalem, which killest the Prophets, and stonest them that are sent to
[The Pharises practise.]
thee, howe often would I haue gathered thy children together, as the henne gathereth her [Note: [l] Word for word, the nest: nowe the broode of chickins is the nest. ] brood vnder her wings, and ye would not!
35 Beholde, your house is left vnto you desolate: and verely I tell you, ye shall not see me vntill the time come that ye shall say, Blessed is he that commeth in the Name of the Lord.
2 The dropsie healed on the Sabbath. 8 The chiefe places at bankets. 12 The poore must be called to our feastes. 16 Of those that were bid to the great supper. 23 Some compelled to come in. 28 One about to builde a towre.
1 And [Note:  The Lawe of the very Sabbath ought not to hinder the offices of charitie. ] it came to passe that when he was entred into the house of [Note: [a] Either one of the Elders, whom they called the Sahedrin, or one of the chiefe of the Synagogue: for all the Pharises were not chiefe men of the Synagogue, iohn 7.48. for this worde Pharise was the name of a secte, though it appeare by the whole historie that the Pharises were in great credite. ] one of the chiefe Pharises on the Sabbath day, to eate bread, they watched him.
2 And beholde, there was a certaine man before him, which had the dropsie.
3 Then Iesus answering, spake vnto the Lawyers and Pharises, saying, Is it lawfull to heale on the Sabbath day?
4 And they held their peace. Then he tooke him, and healed him, and let him goe,
5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall haue an asse, or an oxe fallen into a pit, & wil not straightway pull him out on the Sabbath day?
6 And they could not answere him againe to those things.
7 ¶ [Note:  The rewarde of pride is ignominie: and the rewarde of true modestie is glorie. ] He spake also a parable to the ghestes, when he marked howe they chose out the chiefe roomes, and said vnto them,
8 When thou shalt be bidden of any man to a wedding, set not thy selfe downe in the chiefest place, lest a more honourable man then thou, be bidden of him,
9 And he that bade both him & thee, come, and say to thee, Giue this man roome, and thou then begin with shame to take the lowest roome.
10 [Note: Pron.25.5. ] But when thou art bidden, goe and sit downe in the lowest roome, that when he that bade thee, cometh, he may say vnto thee, Friende, sit vp hier: then shalt thou haue worship in the presence of them that sit at table with thee.
11 [Note: Chap.18.14. matth.23.12. ] For whosoeuer exalteth himselfe, shall be brought lowe, and he that humbleth himselfe, shal be exalted.
12 ¶ [Note:  Against them which lauish out their goods either ambitiously, or set hope of recompence, where as Christian charitie respecteth onely the glory of God, and the profite of our neighbour. ] Then said he also to him that had bidden him, [Note: Prou.3.27. iob.4.7. ] When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friendes, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsemen, nor ye riche neighbours, lest they also bid thee againe, & a recompence be made thee.
13 But when thou makest a feast, call ye poore, the maimed, the lame, and the blind,
14 And thou shalt be blessed, because they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the iust.
15 ¶ Nowe when one of them that sate at table, heard these things, he said vnto him, Blessed is he that eateth bread in the kingdome of God.
16 Then saide he to him, [Note: Matth.22.1. reuel.19.9. ] A certaine man made a great supper, and bade many,
17 And sent his seruant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come: for all things are nowe readie.
18 [Note:  The most part euen of them to whom God hath reueiled himselfe, are so mad, that such helpes as they haue receiued of God, they willingly turne into lets and hinderances. ] But they all with [Note: [b] As of set purpose, and a thing agreed vpon before: for though they alledge seuerall causes, yet all of them agree in this, that they haue their excuses, that they may not come to supper. ] one mind beganne to make excuse: The first saide vnto him, I haue bought a farme, and I must needes goe out and see it: I pray thee, haue me excused.
19 And another said, I haue bought fiue yoke of oxen, and I goe to proue them: I pray thee, haue me excused.
[The great Supper.]
20 And another said, I haue maried a wife, and therefore I can not come.
21 So that seruaunt returned, and shewed his master these thinges. Then was the good man of the house angrie, and said to his seruant, Goe out quickely into the [Note: [c] Wide and broad quarters. ] streetes and lanes of the citie, and bring in hither the poore, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blinde.
22 And the seruaunt saide, Lorde, it is done as thou hast commaunded, and yet there is roome.
23 Then the master sayd to the seruaunt, Goe out into the hie wayes, and hedges, and compell them to come in, that mine house may bee filled.
24 For I say vnto you, that none of those men which were bidden, shall taste of my supper.
25 [Note:  Euen those affections, which are of themselues worthie of praise and commendation, must be ruled and ordered, that godlinesse may haue the vpper hand and preeminence. ] Nowe there went great multitudes with him, and he turned and sayd vnto them,
26 [Note: Mat.10.37. ] If any man come to mee, and [Note: [d] If the matter stand betweene God & him, as Theophyl. saith: and therefore these woordes are not spoken simplie, but by comparison. ] hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters: yea, and his owne life also, he can not be my disciple.
27 [Note: Chap.9.29. matt.16.24. mar.8.34. ] [Note:  The true folowers of Christ must at once build and fight, & therefore be readie and prepared to suffer all kinde of miseries. ] And whosoeuer beareth not his crosse, and commeth after mee, can not bee my disciple.
28 For which of you minding to builde a towre, [Note: [e] At home, and casteth all his costs, before he begin the woorke. ] sitteth not downe before, and counteth the cost, whether hee haue sufficient to performe it,
29 Lest that after he hath laide the foundation, and is not able to performe it, all that behold it, begin to mocke him,
30 Saying, This man began to builde, and was not able to make an end?
31 Or what King going to make warre against another King, sitteth not downe first, and taketh counsell, whether he be able with ten thousande, to meete him that commeth against him with twentie thousand?
32 Or els while hee is yet a great way off, hee sendeth an ambassage, and desireth peace.
33 So likewise, whosoeuer hee be of you, that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
34 [Note: Mat.5.13. mar.9.50. ] [Note:  The disciples of Christ must bee wise, both for themselues, and for other: otherwise they become the foolishest of all. ] Salt is good: but if salt haue lost his sauour, wherewith shall it be salted?
35 It is neither meete for the land, nor yet for the dunghill, but men cast it out. He yt hath eares to heare, let him heare.
4 The parable of the lost sheepe, 8 Of the great, 11 And of the prodigall sonne.
1 Then [Note: Or, drewe neere. ] resorted vnto [Note:  We must not despaire of them, which haue gone out of the way, but according to the example of Christ, wee must take great paines about them. ] him [Note: [a] Some Publicanes and sinners came to Christ from all quarters. ] all the Publicanes and sinners, to heare him.
2 Therefore the Pharises and Scribes murmured, saying, Hee receiueth sinners, and eateth with them.
3 Then spake hee this parable to them, saying,
4 [Note: Mat.18.12. ] What man of you hauing an hundreth sheepe, if hee lose one of them, doeth not leaue ninetie and nine in the wildernesse, and goe after that which is lost, vntill he finde it?
5 And when he hath found it, he laieth it on his shoulders with ioye.
6 And when he commeth home, he calleth together his friendes and neighbours, saying vnto them, Reioyce with mee: for I haue founde my sheepe which was lost.
[The prodigall sonne.]
7 I say vnto you, that likewise ioy shall be in heauen for one sinner that conuerteth, more then for ninetie and nine iust men, which neede none amendement of life.
8 Either what woma hauing ten groates, if she lose one groate, doth not light a candle, & sweepe the house, and seeke diligently till shee finde it?
9 And when shee hath found it, shee calleth her friendes, and neighbours, saying, Reioyce with me: for I haue found the groate which I had lost.
10 Likewise I say vnto you, there is ioy in the presence of the Angels of God, for one sinner that conuerteth.
11 ¶ [Note:  Men by their voluntarie falling from God, hauing spoiled themselues of the benefites which they receiued of him, cast themselues headlong into infinite calamities: but God of his singular goodnesse, offering himselfe freely to them, whome he called to repentance, through the greatnesse of their miserie wherewith they were tamed, doeth not onely gently receiue them, but also enricheth them with farre greater gifts, and blesseth them with the chiefest blisse. ] He sayde moreouer, A certaine man had two sonnes.
12 And the yonger of them sayde to his father, Father, giue mee the portion of the goods that falleth to mee. So he deuided vnto them his substance.
13 So not many daies after, when the yonger sonne had gathered all together, hee tooke his iourney into a farre countrey, and there hee wasted his goods with riotous liuing.
14 Nowe when hee had spent all, there arose a great dearth throughout that land, and he began to be in necessitie.
15 Then hee went and claue to a citizen of that conntrey, and hee sent him to his farme, to feede swine.
16 And hee would faine haue filled his bellie with the huskes, that the swine ate: but no man gaue them him.
17 [Note:  The beginning of repentance is the acknowledging of the mercie of God, which stirreth vs to hope well. ] Then he came to him selfe, & said, Howe many hired seruaunts at my fathers haue bread ynough, and I die for hunger?
18 I wil rise and goe to my father, and say vnto him, Father, I haue sinned against [Note: [b] Against God, because he is said to dwell in heauen. ] heaue, and before thee,
19 And am no more worthy to be called thy sonne: make me as one of thy hired seruants.
20 So hee arose and came to his father, and when hee was yet a great way off, his father sawe him, and had compassion, and ranne and fell on his necke, and kissed him.
21 [Note:  In true repentance there is a feeling of our sinnes, ioyned with sorowe and shame, from whece springeth a confession, after which foloweth forgiuenes. ] And the sonne sayde vnto him, Father, I haue sinned against heauen, and before thee, and am no more worthie to be called thy sonne.
22 Then the father said to his seruaunts, Bring foorth the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feete,
23 And bring the fat calfe, and kill him, & let vs eate, and be merie:
24 For this my sonne was dead, and is aliue againe: and he was lost, but he is found. And they began to be merie.
25 [Note:  Such as truely feare God, desire to haue all men to be their felowes. ] Nowe the elder brother was in the fielde, and when he came and drewe neere to the house, he heard melodie, and dauncing,
26 And called one of his seruaunts, and asked what those things meant.
27 And hee sayde vnto him, Thy brother is come, and thy father hath killed the fatte calfe, because he hath receiued him safe and sound.
28 Then he was angry, and would not goe in: therefore came his father out and entreated him.
29 But he answered & said to his father, Loe, these many yeeres haue I done thee seruice, neither brake I at any time thy commadement, and yet thou neuer gauest mee a kidde that I might make merie with my friends.
[The steward. Riches of iniquitie.]
30 But when this thy sonne was come, which hath deuoured thy good with harlots, thou hast for his sake killed the fat calfe.
31 And he said vnto him, Sonne, thou art euer with me, and al that I haue, is thine. It was meete that we shoulde make merie, and be glad: for this thy brother was dead, and is aliue againe: and hee was lost, but he is found.
1 The parable of the stewarde accused to his master. 13 To serue two masters. 16 The Lawe and the Prophets. 19 Of Diues and Lazarus.
1 And he sayde also vnto his disciples, [Note:  Seeing that men oftentimes purchase friendship to themselues, by other mens costes, it is shame for vs, if with a free and liberall bestowing of ye goods which the Lord hath giuen vs to that purpose, we doe not please him, nor procure the good will of our neighbours, seeing that by this onely meanes, riches, which are oftentimes occasions of sinne, are turned to an other ende and purpose. ] There was a certaine riche man, which had a stewarde, and he was accused vnto him, that he wasted his goods.
2 And hee called him, and saide vnto him, Howe is it that I heare this of thee? Giue an accounts of thy stewardship: for thou maiest be no longer steward.
3 Then the stewarde saide within himselfe, What shall I doe? for my master taketh away from me the stewardship. I cannot digge, and to begge I am ashamed.
4 I knowe what I will doe, that when I am put out of the stewardship, they may receiue mee into their houses.
5 Then called he vnto him euery one of his masters detters, & said vnto the first, Howe much owest thou vnto my master?
6 And he said, An hudreth measures of oyle. And he saide to him, Take thy writing, and sitte downe quickely, and write fiftie.
7 Then said he to another, How much owest thou? And hee sayde, An hundreth measures of wheate. Then he saide to him, Take thy writing, and write foure score.
8 And the Lorde commended [Note: [a] This parable doeth not approoue the stewardes naughtie dealing, for it was verie theft: but parables are set forth, to shewe a thing couertly, & as it were, vnder a figure to represent the truth, though it agree not throughly with the matter it selfe: so that Christ meaneth by this parable, to teache vs, that worldly men are more heedie in the affaires of this world, then the children of God are carefull for euerlasting life. ] the vniust stewarde, because he had done wisely. Wherefore the [Note: [b] Men that are giuen to this present life, contrarie to whom the children of light are set: S. Paul calleth those spirituall, and the other carnall. ] children of this worlde are in their generation wiser then the children of light.
9 And I say vnto you, Make you friends with the riches [Note: [c] This is not spoken of goods that are euill gotten, for God will haue our bountifulnesse to the poore, proceede and come from a good fountaine: but hee calleth those riches of iniquitie, which men vse naughtily. ] of iniquitie, yt when ye shal want, they may receiue you into euerlasting [Note: [d] To wit, the poore Christians: for they are the inheritours of these Tabernacles. Theophyl. ] habitations.
10 [Note:  Wee ought to take heede, that for abusing our earthly function and duetie, we be not depriued of heauenly giftes: for how can they vse spiritual gifts aright, who abuse worldly things? ] He that is faithfull in the least, hee is also faithful in much: and he that is vniust in the least, is vniust also in much.
11 If then ye haue not ben faithful in the wicked riches, who wil trust you in the [Note: [e] That is, heauenly and true riches: which are contrary to worldly and sitting substance. ] true treasure?
12 And if ye haue not bene faithfull in [Note: [f] In worldly goods, which are called other mens, because they are committed to our credit. ] another mans goods, who shall giue you that which is yours?
13 [Note: Matth.6.24. ] [Note:  No man can loue God and riches together. ] No seruaunt can serue two masters: for either he shal hate the one, and loue the other: or els he shal leane to the one, and despise the other. Yee can not serue God and riches.
14 All these thinges heard the Pharises also which were couetous, and they scoffed at him.
15 [Note:  Our sinnes are not hidden to God, although they bee hidden to men, yea although they bee hidden to them whose sinnes they are. ] Then he sayde vnto them, Yee are they, which iustifie your selues before men: but God knoweth your heartes: for that which is highly esteemed among men, is abomination in the sight
[Of Diues and Lazarus. Abrahams bosome.]
16 [Note: Mat.11.12. ] [Note:  The Pharises despised the excellencie of the newe Couenant, in respect of the olde, being ignorant of the perfect righteousnesse of the Lawe, and howe false expounders they were of the Lawe, Christ declareth by the seuenth commandement. ] The Lawe and the Prophets endured vntill Iohn: and since that time the kingdome of God is preached, and euery man preasseth into it.
17 [Note: Mat.5.18. ] Nowe it is more easie that heauen and earth shoulde passe away, then that one title of the Lawe should fall.
18 ¶ [Note: Mat.5.32.& 19.9. 1.cor.7.11. ] Whosoeuer putteth away his wife, and marieth another, committeth adulterie: and whosoeuer marieth her [Note: [g] They that gather by this place, that a man cannot be maried againe after that hee hath put away his wife for adulterie, while shee liueth, reason fondly: for Christ speaketh of those diuorces, which the Iewes vsed, of which sort we can not take the diuorcement for adulterie, for adulterers were put to death by the Law. ] that is put away from her husband, committeth adulterie.
19 ¶ [Note:  The ende of the pouertie and miserie of the godly, shal be euerlasting ioye: as the ende of the riotousnes & cruell pride of the rich shall be euerlasting miserie, without all hope of mercie. ] There was a certaine riche man, which was clothed in [Note: [h] Very gorgeously and sumptuously, for purple garmets were costly, and this fine linnen which was a kinde of linnen that came out of Achaia, was as deare as golde. ] purple and fine linnen, and fared well and delicately euery day.
20 Also there was a certaine begger named Lazarus, which was laide at his gate full of sores,
21 And desired to bee refreshed with the crommes that fell from the riche mans table: yea, and the dogges came and licked his sores.
22 And it was so that the begger died, and was caried by the Angels into Abrahams bosome. The rich man also died, and was buried.
23 And being in hell in torments, [Note: [i] Heauenly and spirituall things are expressed and set foorth vnder colours and resemblances fit for our senses. ] he lift vp his eyes, and sawe Abraham a farre off, and Lazarus in his bosome.
24 Then he cried, and saide, Father Abraham, haue mercie on mee, and sende Lazarus that hee may dippe the tip of his finger in water, & coole my tongue: for I am tormented in this flame.
25 But Abraham saide, Sonne, remember that thou in thy life time receiuedst thy pleasures, and likewise Lazarus paines: now therefore is he comforted, and thou art tormented.
26 Besides all this, betweene you & vs there is a great gulfe set, so that they which would goe from hence to you, can not: neither ca they come from thence to vs.
27 [Note:  Seeing that we haue a most sure rule to liue by, laied foorth vnto vs in the woorde of God, rashly and vainely doe men seeke for other reuelations. ] Then he said, I pray thee therfore, father, yt thou wouldest sende him to my fathers house,
28 (For I haue fiue brethren) that he may testifie vnto them, least they also come into this place of torment.
29 Abraham said vnto him, They haue Moses and the Prophets: let them heare them.
30 And he sayde, Nay, father Abraham: but if one came vnto them from the dead, they will amend their liues.
31 Then he saide vnto him, If they heare not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rise from the dead againe.
1 Offences. 3 We must forgiue him that trespasseth against vs. 10 We are vnprofitable seruants. 11 Of the ten lepers. 20 Of the comming of the kingdome of heauen. 33 False Christes. 36 After what maner Christes comming shalbe.
1 Then said he to his disciples, [Note: Matt.18.7. mar.9.42. ] [Note:  The Church is of necessitie subiect to offences, but the Lorde will not suffer them vnpunished, if any of the least be offended. ] It can not be auoided, but that offences will come, but wo be to him by whome they come.
2 It is better for him yt a great milstone were hanged about his necke, and that he were cast into ye sea, then that he should offende one of these litle ones.
3 ¶ [Note:  Our reprehensions must bee iust, and proceede of loue & charitie. ] Take heede to your selues: if thy brother trespasse against thee, rebuke him: and if hee repent, forgiue him.
4 [Note: Matth.18.21. ] And though he sinne against thee seuen
[The lepers clensed.]
times in a day, and seuen times in a day turne againe to thee, saying, It repenteth mee, thou shalt forgiue him.
5 ¶ [Note:  God will neuer be vtterly lacking to the godly, (although he be not so perfitly with them, as they shoulde) euen in those difficulties, which cannot be ouercome by mans reason. ] And the Apostles saide vnto the Lorde, Increase our faith.
6 And the Lord said, [Note: Matth.17.20. ] If ye had faith, as much as is [Note: [a] If you had no more faith, but the quantitie of the graine of mustard seede. ] a graine of mustard seede, and should say vnto this mulberie tree, Plucke thy selfe vp by the rootes, and plant thy selfe in the sea, it should euen obey you.
7 ¶ [Note:  Seeing that God may challenge vnto himselfe of right, both vs and all that is ours, he can be detter vnto vs for nothing, although we labour manfully euen vnto death. ] Who is it also of you, that hauing a seruant plowing or feeding cattell, woulde say vnto him by and by, when hee were come from the fielde, Goe, and sit downe at table?
8 And woulde not rather say to him, Dresse wherewith I may suppe, and girde thy selfe, and serue mee, till I haue eaten and drunken, and afterward eate thou, and drinke thou?
9 Doeth he thanke that seruant, because hee did that which was commaunded vnto him? I trowe not.
10 [Note:  The most perfit keeping of the lawe, which wee can performe, deserueth no reward. ] So likewise yee, when yee haue done all those things, which are commanded you, say, We are vnprofitable seruants: wee haue done that which was our duetie to doe.
11 ¶ [Note:  Christ doeth well, euen vnto such, as will be vnthankefull, but the benefites of God profite them onely to saluation, which are thankefull. ] And so it was when he went to Hierusalem, that he passed through the middes of Samaria, and Galile.
12 And as hee entred into a certaine towne, there met him tenne men that were lepers, which stoode a farre off.
13 And they lift vp their voyces and saide, Iesus, Master, haue mercie on vs.
14 And when he saw them, he said vnto them, [Note: Leuit.14.2. ] Goe, shewe your selues vnto the Priestes. And it came to passe, that as they went, they were clensed.
15 Then one of them, when hee sawe that hee, was healed, turned backe, and with a loude voyce praised God,
16 And fell downe on his face at his feete, and gaue him thankes: and he was a Samaritan.
17 And Iesus answered, and said, Are there not tenne clensed? but where are the nine?
18 There is none founde that returned to giue God praise, saue this stranger.
19 And he saide vnto him, Arise, goe thy way, thy faith hath saued thee.
20 ¶ [Note:  The kingdome of God is not marked of many, although it be most present before their eyes: because they fondly perswade themselues, that it is ioyned with outwarde pompe. ] And when hee was demaunded of the Pharises, when the kingdome of God shoulde come, he answered them, and said, The kingdome of God commeth not with [Note: [b] With any outward pompe and shewe of maiestie, to be knowen by: for there were otherwise many plaine and euident tokens whereby men might haue vnderstoode, that Christ was the Meßias, whose kingdome was so long looked for: but he speaketh in this place of those signes which the Pharises dreamed of, which looked for an earthly kingdome of Meßias. ] obseruation.
21 Neither shall men say, Loe here, or lo there: for behold, the kingdome of God is [Note: [c] You looke about for Meßias, as though he were absent, but hee is amongest you, in the middes of you. ] within you.
22 [Note:  We oftentimes neglect those things when they be present, which we afterwarde desire when they are gone, but in vaine. ] And he saide vnto the disciples, The dayes will come, when ye shall desire to see [Note: [d] The time will come that you shall seeke for the Sonne of man, with great sorow of heart, and shall not finde him. ] one of the dayes of the Sonne of man, and ye shall not see it.
23 [Note: Mat.24.23. mar.13.21. ] [Note:  Christ forewarneth vs, that false Christes shall come, and that his glory shall suddenly be spred farre and wide through the world, after that the ignominie of the crosse is put out and extinguished. ] Then they shall say to you, Behold here, or beholde there: but goe not thither, neither followe them.
24 For as the lightening that lighteneth out of the one part vnder heauen, shineth vnto the other part vnder heauen, so shall the Sonne of man be in his day.
25 But first must he suffer many things, and be reprooued of this generation.
[Of the vnrighteous iudge.]
26 [Note: Gen.7.5. matt. 24.38. 1.pet.3.20. ] [Note:  The worlde shalbe taken vnawares with the suddaine iudgement of God: and therefore the faithful ought to watch continually. ] And as it was in the dayes of Noe, so shall it be in the dayes of the Sonne of man.
27 They ate, they dranke, they married wiues, and gaue in marriage vnto the day that Noe went into the Arke: and the flood came, and destroyed them all.
28 [Note: Gene.19.24. ] Likewise also, as it was in the dayes of Lot: they ate, they dranke, they bought, they solde, they planted, they built.
29 But in the day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heauen, and destroyed them all.
30 After these ensamples shall it be in the day when the Sonne of man is reueiled.
31 [Note:  We must take good heede, that neither distrust, nor the inticemets of this world, nor any respect of friendship hinder vs the least that may be. ] At that day hee that is vpon the house, and his stuffe in ye house, let him not come downe to take it out: and he that is in the fielde likewise, let him not turne backe to that he left behinde.
32 [Note: Gene.19.26. ] Remember Lots wife.
33 [Note: Chap.9.24. matth.10.39. marke 8.35. iohn 12.25. ] Whosoeuer will seeke to saue his soule, shall loose it: and whosoeuer shall loose it, shall [Note: [e] That is, shall saue it, so Matthewe expoundeth it: for the life that is here spoken of is euerlasting saluation. ] get it life.
34 [Note: Matth.24.41. ] I tell you, in that night there shall be two in one bed: the one shalbe receiued, and the other shalbe left.
35 Two women shalbe grinding together: the one shalbe taken, and the other shalbe left.
36 Two shalbe in the fielde: one shalbe receiued, and another shalbe left.
37 [Note:  The onely way to continue is to cleaue to Christ. ] And they answered, and saide to him, Where, Lord? And he said vnto them, [Note: Matth.24 28. ] Wheresoeuer the body is, thither shall also the egles bee gathered together.
2 The Parable of the vnrighteous iudge and the widow. 10 Of the Pharise and the Publicane. 15 Children are of the kingdome of heauen. 22 To sell all and giue to the poore. 28 The Apostles forsake all. 31 Christ foretelleth his death. 35 The blinde man receiueth sight.
1 And [Note:  God will haue vs to continue in prayer, not to wearie vs, but to exercise vs, therefore we must so striue with impatience, that long delay cause vs not to breake off the course of our prayers. ] he spake also a parable vnto them, to this ende, that they [Note: Rom.12.12. 1.theß.5.17. ] ought alwayes to pray, and not to [Note: [a] Yelde to afflictions, and aduersiries, as they doe which are out of heart. ] waxe faint,
2 [Note: [b] Hee doeth not compare thinges that are equall together, but the lesse with the greater: If a man get his right at a most vnrighteous iudges handes, much more shall the prayers of the godly preuaile before God. ] Saying, There was a iudge in a certaine citie, which feared not God, neither reuereced man.
3 And there was a widowe in that citie, which came vnto him, saying, Doe mee iustice against mine aduersarie.
4 And hee would not of a long time: but afterward he said with himselfe, Though I feare not God, nor reuerence man,
5 Yet because this widowe troubleth mee, I will doe her right, lest at the last shee come and [Note: [c] Word for word, beate mee downe with her blowes, and it is a metaphore taken of wrestlers, who beate their aduersaries with their fists or clubbes: so doe they that are importunate beate the Iudges eares with their crying out, euen as it were with blowes. ] make me wearie.
6 And the Lord said, Heare what the vnrighteous iudge saith.
7 Now shall not God auenge his elect, which cry day and night vnto him, yea, though [Note: [d] Though hee seeme slowe in reuenging the iniurie done to his, ] he suffer long for them?
8 I tell you he will auenge them quickly: but when the Sonne of man commeth, shall he finde faith on the earth?
9 ¶ [Note:  Two thinges especially make our prayers voyde and of none effect: confidence of our owne righteousnesse, and the contempt of other: and an humble heart is contrary to both these. ] He spake also this parable vnto certaine which trusted in themselues that they were iust, and despised other.
10 Two men went vp into the Temple to pray: [Page]
[The Pharise and the Publican.]
the one a Pharise, and the other a Publican.
11 [Note:  Although we cofesse, that whatsoeuer we haue, we haue it of God, yet are we despised of God, as proude and arrogant, if we put neuer so litle trust in our owne workes before God. ] The Pharise stoode and prayed thus with himselfe, O God, I thanke thee that I am not as other men, extortioners, vniust, adulterers, or euen as this Publican.
12 I fast twise in the weeke: I giue tithe of all that euer I possesse.
13 But the Publican standing [Note: [e] Farre from the Pharise in a lower place. ] a farre off, woulde not lift vp so much as his eyes to heauen, but smote his brest, saying, O God, be mercifull to me a sinner.
14 I tell you, this man departed to his house iustified, rather then the other: [Note: Chap.14.11. matth.23.12. ] for euery man that exalteth himselfe, shall be brought lowe, and he that humbleth himselfe, shalbe exalted.
15 ¶ [Note: Matth.19.13. marke 10.13. ] [Note: [f] The children were render and yong, in that they were brought, which appeareth more euidently in that, that they were infants: which is to be marked against them that are enemies to the baptizing of children. ] They brought vnto him also babes that he should touche them. [Note:  To iudge or thinke of Christ after the reason of our flesh, is the cause of infinite corruptions. ] And when his disciples sawe it, they rebuked them.
16 [Note:  The children also of the faithfull are comprehended in the free couenant of God. ] But Iesus [Note: [g] Them that caried the children, whom the disciples droue away. ] called them vnto him, and said, Suffer the babes to come vnto mee, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdome of God.
17 [Note:  Childelike innocencie is an ornament of Christians. ] Verely I say vnto you, whosoeuer receiueth not the kingdome of God as a babe, he shall not enter therein.
18 [Note: Matth.19.16. marke 10.17. ] Then a certaine ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what ought I to doe, to inherite eternall life?
19 And Iesus said vnto him, Why callest thou me good? none is good, saue one, euen God.
20 Thou knowest the comandements, [Note: Exod.20.13. ] Thou shalt not commit adulterie: Thou shalt not kill: Thou shalt not steale: Thou shalt not beare false witnes: Honour thy father and thy mother.
21 [Note:  The intisement of riches carieth away many from the right way. ] And hee saide, All these haue I kept from my youth.
22 Nowe when Iesus heard that, he saide vnto him, Yet lackest thou one thing. Sell all that euer thou hast, and distribute vnto the poore, and thou shalt haue treasure in heauen, and come followe mee.
23 But when he heard those things, he was very heauie: for he was marueilous riche.
24 [Note:  To be both rich and godly, is a singular gift of God. ] And when Iesus sawe him very sorowfull, he said, With what difficultie shall they that haue riches, enter into the kingdome of God!
25 Surely it is easier for a camel to go through a needles eye, then for a riche man to enter into the kingdome of God.
26 Then said they that heard it, And who then can be saued?
27 And he said, The things which are vnpossible with men, are possible with God.
28 ¶ [Note: Matth.19.27. marke 10.28. ] Then Peter said, Loe, we haue left all, and haue followed thee.
29 [Note:  They become the richest of all, which refuse not to be poore for Christes sake. ] And he said vnto them, Verely I say vnto you, there is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children for the kingdome of Gods sake,
30 Which shall not receiue much more in this world, and in the world to come life euerlasting.
31 ¶ [Note: Matth.20.17. marke 10.32. ] [Note:  As sure and certaine as persecution is, so sure is the glorie which remaineth for the conquerours. ] Then Iesus tooke vnto him ye twelue, and said vnto them, Beholde, we goe vp to Hierusalem, and all things shalbe fulfilled to the Sonne of man, that are writttn by the Prophets.
32 For he shal be deliuered vnto the Gentiles, and shalbe mocked, and shalbe spitefully entreated, and shalbe spitted on.
33 And when they haue scourged him, they will put him to death: but the thirde day hee shall rise againe.
[A blinde man. Zaccheus.]
34 But they vnderstood [Note: [h] Hereby we see howe ignorant the disciples were. ] none of these things, and this saying was hidde from them, neither perceiued they the things, which were spoken.
35 ¶ [Note: Matth.20.29. marke 10.46. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth by a visible miracle, that he is the light of the world. ] And it came to passe, that as he was come neere vnto Iericho, a certaine blinde man sate by the way side, begging.
36 And when he heard the people passe by, he asked what it meant.
37 And they saide vnto him, that Iesus of Nazareth passed by.
38 Then hee cried, saying, Iesus the Sonne of Dauid, haue mercie on me.
39 [Note:  The more stops and lets that Satan layeth in our way euen by them which professe Christes Name, so much the more ought we to goe forwarde. ] And they which went before, rebuked him that he shoulde holde his peace, but he cried much more, O Sone of Dauid, haue mercie on me.
40 And Iesus stoode stil, and commanded him to be brought vnto him. And when he was come neere, he asked him,
41 Saying, What wilt thou yt I doe vnto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receiue my sight.
42 And Iesus said vnto him, Receiue thy sight: thy faith hath saued thee.
43 Then immediatly he receiued his sight, and followed him, praysing God: and all the people, when they sawe this, gaue praise to God.
2 Zaccheus the Publican. 13 Tenne pieces of money deliuered to seruants to occupie withall. 29 Iesus entreth into Hierusalem. 41 Hee foretelleth the destruction of the citie with teares. 45 He casteth the sellers out of the Temple.
1 Now [Note:  Christ preuenteth them with his grace especially, which seemed to be furthest from it. ] when Iesus entred and passed through Iericho,
2 Beholde, there was a man named Zaccheus, which was the [Note: [a] The ouerseer and head of the Publicanes; which were there together: for the Publicanes were deuided into companies, as we may gather by many places of Cicero his orations. ] chiefe receiuer of the tribute, and he was riche.
3 And he sought to see Iesus, who hee should be, and coulde not for the preasse, because he was of a lowe stature.
4 Wherefore he ranne before, and climed vp into a wilde figge tree, that he might see him: for he should come that way.
5 And when Iesus came to the place, he looked vp, and saw him, and said vnto him, Zaccheus, come downe at once: for to day I must abide at thine house.
6 Then he came downe hastily, and receiued him ioyfully.
7 [Note:  The worlde forsaketh the grace of God, and yet is vnwilling that it should bee bestowed vpo other. ] And when all they sawe it, they murmured, saying, that hee was gone in to lodge with a sinfull man.
8 [Note:  The example of true repentance, is knowen by the effect. ] And Zaccheus stood forth, & said vnto the Lord, Beholde, Lord, the halfe of my goods I giue to the poore: and if I haue taken from any man by [Note: [b] By falsly accusing any man: and this agreeth most fitly to the master of the customers person: for commonly they haue this trade among them, when they robbe and spoile the common weale, they haue nothing in their mouthes, but the profite of the common weale, and vnder that colour they playe the theeues, in so much that if men reproue and go about to redresse their roblerie, and spoyling, they cry out, the common weale is hindered. ] forged cauillation, I restore him foure folde.
9 Then Iesus said to him, This day is saluation come vnto this house, forasmuch as hee is also become the [Note: [c] Beloued of God, one that walketh in the steps of Abrahams faith: and we gather that saluation came to that house, because they receiued the blessing as Abraham had, for all of the housholde were circumcised. ] sonne of Abraham.
10 [Note: Matth.18.11. ] For the Sonne of man is come to seeke, and to saue that which was lost.
11 [Note:  We must patiently waite for the iudgement of God, which shalbe reueiled in his time. ] And whiles they heard these thinges, hee continued and spake a parable, because hee was neere to Hierusalem, & because also they thought that the kingdom of God should shortly appeare.
12 He saide therefore, [Note: Matth.25.14. ] A certaine noble man went into a farre countrey, to receiue for himselfe a kingdome, and so to come againe.
[The faythfull seruant.]
13 [Note:  There are three sortes of men in the Church: the one sort fall from Christ whom they see not: the other, which according to their vocation, bestowe the giftes, which they haue receiued of God, to his glory with great paines & diligence: the third liue idlely & doe no good. As for the first, the Lorde when he commeth will iustly punish them in his time: the other he will blesse, according to the paines which they haue taken: and as for the slouthfull and idle persons he wil punish them as the first. ] And he called his ten seruants, and deliuered them ten pieces of money, and sayd vnto them, Occupie till I come.
14 Nowe his citizens hated him, and sent an ambassage after him, saying, We will not haue this man to reigne ouer vs.
15 And it came to passe, when hee was come againe, and had receiued his kingdome, that he commanded the seruants to be called to him, to whome he gaue his money, that he might knowe what euery man had gained.
16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, [Note: [d] This was a piece of money which the Grecians vsed, and was in value about an hundred pence, which is about ten crownes. ] thy piece hath encreased ten pieces.
17 And he sayd vnto him, Well, good seruant: because thou hast bene faithfull in a very litle thing, take thou authoritie ouer ten cities.
18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy piece hath encreased fiue pieces.
19 And to the same he sayd, Be thou also ruler ouer fiue cities.
20 [Note:  Against them which spend their life idlely in deliberating & otherwise in contemplation. ] So the other came, & sayd, Lord, beholde thy piece, which I haue laide vp in a napkin:
21 For I feared thee, because thou art a straight man: thou takest vp, that thou layedst not downe, and reapest that thou diddest not sowe.
22 Then he sayde vnto him, Of thine owne mouth will I iudge thee, O euill seruant. Thou knewest that I am a straight man, taking vp that I layd not downe, & reaping that I did not sowe.
23 Wherefore then gauest not thou my money into the [Note: [e] To the bankers and changers. ] banke, that at my coming I might haue required it with vantage?
24 And he sayd to them that stoode by, Take from him that piece, and giue it him that hath ten pieces.
25 (And they sayd vnto him, Lord, hee hath ten pieces.)
26 [Note: Chap.8.18. mat.13.12. and 25.29. marke 4.25. ] For I say vnto you, that vnto all them that haue, it shalbe giuen: and from him that hath not, euen that he hath, shalbe taken from him.
27 Moreouer, those mine enemies, which would not that I should reigne ouer them, bring hither, and slay them before me.
28 ¶ And when he had thus spoken, [Note: [f] The disciples staggered & stayed at the matter, but Christ goeth on boldly, though death were before his eyes. ] he went forth before, ascending vp to Hierusalem.
29 [Note: Matth.21.1. marke 11.1. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth in his owne person, that his kingdome is not of this worlde. ] And it came to passe, when hee was come neere to Bethphage, and Bethania, besides the mount which is called the mount of Oliues, he sent two of his disciples,
30 Saying, Goe ye to the towne which is before you, wherein, assoone as ye are come, ye shall finde a colte tied, whereon neuer man sate: loose him, and bring him hither.
31 And if any man aske you, why ye loose him, thus shall ye say vnto him, Because the Lord hath neede of him.
32 So they that were sent, went their way, and found it as he had sayd vnto them.
33 And as they were loosing the colte, the owners thereof sayd vnto them, Why loose ye the colte?
34 And they sayd, The Lorde hath neede of him.
35 ¶ [Note: Matth.21.7. iohn 12.14. ] So they brought him to Iesus, and they cast their garments on the colte, and set Iesus thereon.
36 And as he went, they spred their clothes in the way.
37 And when he was nowe come neere to the going downe of the mount of Oliues, the whole
[The stones would cry.]
multitude of the disciples began to reioyce, and to prayse God with a loude voyce, for all the great workes that they had seene,
38 Saying, Blessed be the King that commeth in the Name of the Lord: peace in heauen, and glory in the highest places.
39 [Note:  When they linger which ought to be the chiefest preachers and setters foorth of the kingdome of God, hee will raise vp other extraordinarily, in despite of them. ] Then some of the Pharises of the companie sayd vnto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.
40 But he answered, and sayd vnto them, I tell you, that if these should holde their peace, the stones would crie.
41 ¶ [Note: Chap.21.6. matth.24.1. marke 13.1. ] [Note:  Christ is not simply delited with the destruction, no not of the wicked. ] And when he was come neere, he behelde the Citie, and wept for it,
42 [Note: [g] Christ breaketh off his speache, which sheweth partly how he was moued with compassion for the destruction of the citie, that was like to ensue: and partly to vpbrayd them for their trecherie and stubburnes against him, such as hath not lightly bene heard of. ] Saying, O [Note: [h] At least wise thou, O Hierusalem, to whome this meßage was properly sent. ] if thou haddest euen knowen [Note: [i] If after the slaying of so many Prophets, and so oft refusing me the Lord of the Prophets, nowe especially in this my last comming to thee thou hadst had any regard to thy selfe. ] at the least in this [Note: [k] The fit and commodious time is called the day of this Citie. ] thy day those things, which belong vnto thy [Note: [l] That is, those things wherein thy happines standeth. ] peace! but nowe are they hid from thine eyes.
43 For the dayes shall come vpon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compasse thee round, and keepe thee in on euery side,
44 And shall make thee euen with ye ground, and thy children which are in thee, and they shall not leaue in thee a stone vpon a stone, because thou knewest not [Note: [m] That is, this very instant wherein God visited thee. ] that season of thy visitation.
45 ¶ [Note: Mat.21.13. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth after his entrie into Hierusale by a visible signe, that it is his office inioyned him of his Father to purge the Temple. ] He went also into the Temple, and began to cast out them that solde therein, and them that bought,
46 Saying vnto them, It is written, [Note: Mark.11.17. isai.56.7. ] Mine house is the house of prayer, [Note: Iere.7.11. ] but ye haue made it a denne of theeues.
47 And he taught dayly in the Temple. And the hie Priests and the Scribes, and the chiefe of the people sought to destroy him.
48 But they could not finde what they might doe to him: for all the people hanged vpon him when they heard him.
4 From whence Iohns baptisme was. 9 The wickednes of the Priests is noted by the parable of the vineyard and the husbandmen. 21 To giue tribute to Cesar. 27 He conuinceth the Sadduces denying the resurrection. 41 Howe Christ is the sonne of Dauid.
1 And [Note: Matth.21.23. marke 11.27. ] [Note:  The Pharises being ouercome with the trueth of Christes doctrine, moue a question about his outward calling, and are ouercome by the witnes of their owne conscience. ] it came to passe, that on one of those dayes, as he taught the people in the Temple, and preached the Gospel, the hie Priests and the Scribes came vpon him with the Elders,
2 And spake vnto him, saying, Tell vs by what authoritie thou doest these things, or who is hee that hath giuen thee this authoritie?
3 And he answered, and sayde vnto them, I also will aske you one thing: tell me therefore:
4 The baptisme of Iohn, was it from heauen, or of men?
5 And they reasoned within themselues, saying, If we shall say, From heauen, he will say, Why then beleeued ye him not?
6 But if we shall say, Of men, all the people will stone vs: for they be perswaded that Iohn was a Prophet.
7 Therefore they answered, that they could not tell whence it was.
8 Then Iesus sayd vnto them, Neither tell I you, by what authoritie I doe these things.
9 ¶ [Note: Matt.21.33. mar. 12 1. isai.5.1. iere. 2.21. ] [Note:  It is no newe thing to haue them the chiefest enemies of Christ and his seruants, which are conuersant in the very Sanctuary of Gods holy place: but at length they shall not scape vnpunished. ] Then began he to speake to ye people this parable, A certaine man planted a vineyarde, [Page]
[The vineyard let out.]
and let it forth to husbandmen: and went into a strange countrey, for a great time.
10 And at the time conuenient he sent a seruant to the husbandmen, that they should giue him of the fruite of the vineyard: but the husbandmen did beate him, & sent him away emptie.
11 Againe he sent yet another seruant: and they did beate him, and foule entreated him, and sent him away emptie.
12 Moreouer he sent the third, and him they wounded, and cast out.
13 Then sayd the Lord of the vineyard, What shall I doe? I will send my beloued sonne: it may be that they will doe reuerence, when they see him.
14 But when the husbandmen sawe him, they reasoned with themselues, saying, This is the heire: come, let vs kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.
15 So they cast him out of the vineyarde, and killed him. What shall the Lord of the vineyarde therefore doe vnto them?
16 He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and wil giue out his vineyard to others. But when they heard it, they sayd, God forbid.
17 ¶ And he beheld them, & said, What meaneth this then that is written, [Note: Psal.118.22. isai.28.16. act.4.11. rom.9.33. 1.pet.2.8. ] The stone that the builders refused, that is made the head of the corner?
18 Whosoeuer shall fall vpon that stone, shall be broken: and on whomsoeuer it shall fall, it will grinde him to pouder.
19 Then the hie Priests, and the Scribes the same houre went about to lay hands on him: (but they feared the people) for they perceiued that he had spoken this parable against them.
20 [Note: Matth.22 16. marke 12.13. ] [Note:  The last refuge that false prophets haue to destroy the true Prophets, is to lay sedition and treason to their charge. ] And they [Note: [a] A fit time to take him in. ] watched him, and sent forth [Note: [b] Whom they had deceitfully hired. ] spies, which should faine themselues iust men, [Note: [c] That they might take some holde in his talke, & thereby forge some false accusation against him. ] to take him in his talke, and to deliuer him vnto the power and [Note: [d] To put him to death. ] authoritie of the gouernour.
21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest, and teachest right, neither doest thou accept [Note: [e] Thou art not moued by fauour of any man: and by person he meaneth outward circumstances, which if a man haue respect vnto, he will not iudge alike of them that are in deede alike. ] mans person, but teachest the way of God truely.
22 Is it lawfull for vs to giue Cesar tribute or no?
23 But he perceiued their [Note: [f] Craftines is a certaine diligence and wittines to doe euil, gotten by much vse and great practise in matters. ] craftines, and sayd vnto them, Why tempt ye me?
24 Shew me a penie. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered, and sayd, Cesars.
25 Then he sayd vnto them, [Note: Rom.13.7. ] Giue then vnto Cesar the things which are Cesars, and to God those which are Gods.
26 And they could not reproue his saying before the people: but they marueiled at his answere, and helde their peace.
27 [Note: Matth.22.23. marke 12.18. ] [Note:  The resurrection of the flesh is auouched against the Sadduces. ] Then came to him certaine of the Sadduces (which denie that there is any resurrection) and they asked him,
28 Saying, Master, [Note: Deut.25.5. ] Moses wrote vnto vs, If any mans brother die hauing a wife, and hee die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise vp seede vnto his brother.
29 Now there were seuen brethren, & the first tooke a wife, and he dyed without children.
30 And the second tooke the wife, and he dyed childelesse.
31 Then the third tooke her: and so likewise the seuen dyed, and left no children.
32 And last of all the woman dyed also.
[Of the poore widowe.]
33 Therefore at the resurrection, whose wife of them shall she be? for seuen had her to wife.
34 Then Iesus answered, and sayd vnto them, The [Note: [g] They are called here in this place, the children of this world, which liue in this world: and not they, that wholy are giuen to the world, as before cap.16.8. which are contrary to the children of light. ] children of this world marry wiues, and are married.
35 But they which shalbe counted worthy to enioy that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry wiues, neither are married.
36 For they can die no more, forasmuch as they are equall vnto the Angels, & are the sonnes of God, since they are the [Note: [h] That is, men partakers of the resurrection: for as we say truely that they shall liue in deede, which shall enioy euerlasting bliße, so doe they rise in deede, which rise to life, though, if this worde, resurrection, be taken generally, it belongeth also to the wicked, which shall rise to condemnation, which is not properly life, but death. ] children of the resurrection.
37 And that the dead shall rise againe, euen [Note: Exod.3.6. ] Moses shewed it besides the bush, when he said, The Lord is the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Iacob.
38 For he is not the God of the dead, but of them which liue: for all [Note: [i] That is, before him: a notable saying, the godly doe not die though they die here on earth. ] liue vnto him.
39 Then certaine of the Scribes answered, and sayd, Master, thou hast well sayd.
40 And after that, durst they not aske him any thing at all.
41 ¶ [Note: Matth.22.44. marke 12.35. ] [Note:  Christ is so the sonne of Dauid according to the flesh, that he is also his Lord (because he is the euerlasting Sonne of God) according to the spirit. ] Then sayd he vnto them, Howe say they that Christ is Dauids sonne?
42 And Dauid himselfe sayth in the booke of the Psalmes, [Note: Psal.1 10.1. ] The Lord sayd vnto my Lorde, Sit at my right hand,
43 Till I shall make thine enemies thy footestoole.
44 Seeing Dauid called him Lord, howe is he then his sonne?
45 ¶ Then in the audience of all the people he sayd vnto his disciples,
46 [Note: Chap.11.43. mat.23.6. marke 12.38. ] [Note:  We must auoyde the example of the ambitious and couetous pastours. ] Beware of the Scribes, which willingly go in long robes, and loue salutations in the markets, and the hiest seates in the assemblies, and the chiefe roomes at feastes:
47 Which deuoure widowes [Note: [k] This is spoken by the figure Metonymie, houses, for the goods and substance. ] houses, and in shewe make long prayers: These shall receiue greater damnation.
1 The widowes liberalitie aboue her riches. 5 Of the time of the destruction of the Temple, 19 and Hierusalem. 25 The signes going before the last iudgement.
1 And [Note: Marke 12.42. ] [Note:  The poore may exceede in bountie and liberalitie euen the richest, according to Gods iudgement. ] as he behelde, he sawe the rich men, which cast their giftes into the treasurie.
2 And he sawe also a certaine poore widowe which cast in thither two mites:
3 And he sayd, Of a trueth I say vnto you, that this poore widowe hath cast in more then they all.
4 For they all haue of their superfluitie cast into the offerings of God: but she of her penurie hath cast in all the liuing that she had.
5 [Note: Chap.19.43. matth.24.1 mar.13.1. ] [Note:  The destruction of the Temple is foretolde, that that true spirituall building may be built vp, whose head builders must and ought to be circumspect. ] Nowe as some spake of the Temple, how it was garnished with goodly stones, & with [Note: [a] These were things that were hanged vpo walles and pillars. ] consecrate things, he sayd,
6 Are these ye things that ye looke vpon? the dayes will come wherein a stone shall not be left vpon a stone, that shall not be throwen downe.
7 Then they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what signe shall there be when these things shall come to passe?
8 [Note: Ephes.5.6. 2.thes.2.3. ] And he sayd, Take heede, that ye be not deceiued: for many will come [Note: [b] Vsing my Name. ] in my Name, saying, I am Christ, and the time draweth neere: followe ye not them therefore.
[The dayes of vengeance.]
9 [Note:  The true Temple of God is built vp euen in the middest of incredible tumults, and most sharpe miseries, through inuincible patience, so that the ende thereof cannot be but most happie. ] And when ye heare of warres and seditions, be not afraid: for these things must first come, but the ende foloweth not by and by.
10 Then said hee vnto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdome against kingdome,
11 [Note: Matth.24 7. marke 13.8. ] And great earthquakes shall be in diuers places, and hunger, and pestilence, and fearefull things, & great signes shall there be from heauen.
12 But before all these, they shal lay their hands on you, and persecute you, deliuering you vp to the assemblies, and into prisons, and bring you before Kings and rulers for my Names sake.
13 And this shall turne to you, for [Note: [c] This shalbe the ende of your troubles & afflictions, they shalbe witnesses both before God and man, as well of the trecherous and cruel dealing of your enemies, as also of your constancie: A noble saying, that the afflictions of the godly and holy men pertaine to the witnes of the trueth. ] a testimoniall.
14 [Note: Chap.12.12. matth.10.19. marke 13.11. ] Lay it vp therefore in your heartes, that ye cast not before hand, what ye shall answere.
15 For I will giue you a mouth and wisdome, where against all your aduersaries shall not be able to speake, nor resist.
16 Yea, ye shalbe betrayed also of your parents, and of your brethren, and kinsmen, and friendes, and some of you shall they put to death.
17 And ye shall bee hated of all men for my Names sake.
18 [Note: Matth.10.30. ] Yet there shall not one heare of your heads perish.
19 By your patience [Note: [d] Though you are compassed about on all sides with many miseries, yet notwithstanding be valiant and couragious, and beare out these things manfully. ] possesse your soules.
20 ¶ [Note: Daniel 9.27. matth.24.15. marke 13.14. ] [Note:  The finall destruction of the whole citie is foretolde. ] And when ye see Hierusalem besieged with souldiers, then vnderstand that the desolation thereof is neere.
21 Then let them which are in Iudea, flee to the mountaines: and let them which are in the middes thereof, depart out: and let not them that are in the countrey, enter therein.
22 For these be the dayes of vengeance, to fulfill all things that are written.
23 But woe be to them that be with childe, and to them that giue sucke in those dayes: for there shalbe great distresse in this land, and [Note: [e] By wrath those things are meant, which God sendeth whe he is displeased. ] wrath ouer this people.
24 And they shall fall on the [Note: [f] Word for word, mouth, for the Hebrewes call the edge of a sworde, the mouth, because the edge biteth. ] edge of the sword, and shalbe led captiue into all nations, and Hierusalem shalbe troden vnder foote of the Gentiles, vntill the time of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
25 [Note: Isa.13.10. Ezek. 32.7. matth.24.29. marke 13.24. ] [Note: [g] When the times are expired, appointed for the saluation of the Gentiles, and punishment of the Iewes: And so be paßh from the destruction of Hierusalem, to the historie of the latter iudgement. ] Then there shalbe signes in the sunne, and in the moone, and in the starres, and vpon the earth trouble among the nations with perplexitie: the sea and the waters shall roare.
26 [Note:  After diuers tempests, the Lord will at the length plainely appeare to deliuer his Church. ] And mens hearts shal faile them for feare, and for looking after those thinges which shall come on the worlde: for the powers of heauen shall be shaken.
27 And then shall they see the Sonne of man come in a cloude, with power and great glory.
28 And when these things beginne to come to passe, then looke vp, and lift vp your heades: [Note: Rom.8.27. ] for your redemption draweth neere.
29 [Note:  We must be sober & watchfull both day and night for the Lordes comming, that we be not taken at vnwares. ] And he spake to them a parable, Behold, the figge tree, and all trees,
30 When they nowe shoote foorth, ye seeing them, knowe of your owne selues, that sommer is then neere.
31 So likewise yee, when yee see these thinges come to passe, knowe ye that the kingdome of God is neere.
32 Verely I say vnto you, This age shall not passe, till all these things be done:
33 Heauen and earth shall passe away, but my wordes shall not passe away.
34 [Note: Rom.13.13. ] Take heede to your selues, lest at any time
[Watch and pray. The Passeouer.]
your hearts be oppressed with surfeting and drunkennesse, and cares of this life, and least that day come on you at vnwares.
35 For as a snare shall it come [Note: [h] On all men where soeuer they be. ] on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.
36 Watche therefore, and pray continually, that ye may be counted worthy to escape all these thinges that shall come to passe, and that ye may [Note: [i] You may so appeare, that you will abide the countenance and sentence of the Iudge without feare. ] stand before the Sonne of man.
37 ¶ Nowe in the day time hee taught in the Temple, and at night hee went out, and abode in the mount that is called the mount of Oliues.
38 And all the people came in the morning to him, to heare him in the Temple.
3 Iudas selleth Christ. 7 The Apostles prepare the Passeouer. 24 They striue who shall be chiefest. 31 Satan desireth them. 35 Christ sheweth that they wanted nothing. 42 Hee prayeth in the mount. 44 He sweateth blood. 50 Malchus eare cut off and healed. 57. 58. 60 Peter denieth Christ thrise. 63 Christ is mocked and strooken. 69 He confeßeth himselfe to be the Sonne of God.
1 Now [Note: Matth.26.1. marke 14.1. ] the [Note:  Christ is taken vpon the day of the Passeouer, rather by the prouidence of his Father, then by the will of men. ] feast of vnleauened bread drewe neere, which is called the Passeouer.
2 And the hie Priests and Scribes sought how they might kill him: for they feared the people.
3 [Note: Matth.26.14. marke 14.10. ] [Note:  God by his wonderfull prouidence, causeth him to be the minister of our saluation, who was the authour of our destruction. ] Then entred Satan into Iudas, who was called Iscariot, and was of the nomber of the twelue.
4 And he went his way, and communed with the hie Priestes and [Note: [a] They that had the charge of keeping the Temple, which were none of the Priestes and Bishops, as appeareth by the 52. verse of this Chapter. ] captaines, how he might betray him to them.
5 So they were glad, and agreed to giue him money.
6 And he consented, and sought opportunitie to betraye him vnto them, when the people were [Note: [b] Without tumult, vnwitting to the people which vsed to follow him: and therefore in deede they watched their time, when they knewe he was alone in the garden. ] away.
7 ¶ [Note: Matth.26.17. marke 14.13. ] [Note:  Christ teacheth his disciples by a manifest miracle, that although he be going to bee crucified, yet nothing is hid from him: and therefore that he goeth willingly to death. ] Then came the day of vnleauened bread, when the Passeouer [Note: [c] By the order appointed by the Law. ] must be sacrificed.
8 And he sent Peter and Iohn, saying, Go and prepare vs the [Note: [d] The lambe which was the figure of the Passeouer: And this is spoken by the figure Metonymie, which is very vsuall in the matter of the Sacraments. ] Passeouer, that we may eate it.
9 And they saide to him, Where wilt thou, that we prepare it?
10 Then he said vnto them, Beholde, when ye be entred into the citie, there shall a man meete you, bearing a pitcher of water: folowe him into the house that he entreth in,
11 And say vnto the good man of the house, The Master saith vnto thee, Where is the lodging where I shall eate my Passeouer with my disciples?
12 Then he shall shewe you a great hie chamber trimmed: there make it ready.
13 So they went, and found as he had said vnto them, and made readie the Passeouer.
14 [Note: Mat. 26.20. mar. 14.17. ] [Note:  Christ hauing ended the Passeouer according to the order of the Lawe, forewarneth them that this shall bee his last banquet with them, after the maner and necessitie of this life. ] And when the [Note: [e] The euening and twylight, at what tyme this supper was to be kept. ] houre was come, hee sate downe, and the twelue Apostles with him.
15 Then he saide vnto them, I haue earnestly desired to eate this Passeouer with you, before I [Note: [f] I am put to death. ] suffer.
16 For I say vnto you, Hencefoorth I will not eate of it any more, vntill it bee fulfilled in the kingdome of God.
17 And hee tooke the cup, and gaue thankes, and said, Take this, and deuide it among you,
18 For I say vnto you, I will not drinke of the fruite of the vine, vntill the kingdome of God be come.
[The Lords Supper.]
19 [Note: Matth.26.26. marke 14.22. 1.cor.11.24. ] [Note:  Christ establisheth his newe Couenant, and his communicating with vs with new signes. ] And he tooke bread, and when he had giuen thankes, he brake it, and gaue to them, saying, This is my body, which is giuen for you: doe this in the remembrance of me.
20 Likewise also after supper he tooke the cup, saying, This [Note: [g] Here is a double Metonymie: for first the veßell is take for that which is conteined in the veßel, as the cuppe, for the wine, which is within the cup. Then the wine is called the Couenant or Testament, whereas in deede it is but the signe of the Testament, or rather of the blood of Christ, whereby the Testament was made: neither is it a vaine signe, though it be not all one with the thing that it representeth. ] cup is [Note: [h] This word that, sheweth the excellencie of the Testament, and answereth to the place of Ieremie, Chap.31.31. where the newe Testament is promised. ] that newe Testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
21 [Note: Matth.26.21. marke 14.18. psalme 41.9. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth againe that hee goeth to death willingly, although he be not ignorant of Iudas treason. ] Yet beholde, the [Note: [i] That is, his practise, so vse the Hebrewes to speake, as 2.Kings 14.19. Is not the hand of Ioab in this matter? ] hand of him that betrayeth me, is with me at the table.
22 [Note:  Although the degree of Gods prouidence come necessarily to passe, yet it excuseth not the fault of the instruments. ] And truely the Sonne of man goeth as it is appointed: but woe be to that man, by whom he is betrayed.
23 Then they began to enquire among themselues which of them it should be, yt should do that.
24 ¶ [Note: Matth.20.25. marke 10.42. ] [Note:  The Pastours are not called to rule, but to serue. ] And there arose also a strife among them, which of them should seeme to be ye greatest.
25 But hee saide vnto them, The Kings of the Gentiles reigne ouer them, and they that beare rule ouer them, are called [Note: [k] Haue great titles, for so it was the custome to honour Princes with some great titles. ] bountifull.
26 But yee shall not be so: but let the greatest among you be as the least: and the chiefest as he that serueth.
27 For who is greater, he that sitteth at table, or he that serueth? Is not he that sitteth at table? And I am among you as he that serueth.
28 [Note:  Such as are partakers of the afflictions of Christ, shall also be partakers of his kingdome. ] And yee are they which haue continued with me in my tentations.
29 Therefore I appoint vnto you a kingdome, as my Father hath appointed vnto me,
30 [Note: Mat.19.28. ] That ye may eate, and drinke at my table in my kingdome, and sit on seates, and iudge the twelue tribes of Israel.
31 ¶ [Note:  We must alwayes thinke vpon the waite that Satan layeth for vs. ] And the Lorde saide, Simon, Simon, beholde, [Note: 1.Pet.5.8. ] Satan hath desired you, [Note: [l] To tosse you and scatter you, and also to cast you out. ] to winowe you as wheate.
32 [Note:  It is through the prayers of Christ, that the elect doe neuer vtterly fall away from the faith: and that for this cause, that they should stirre vp one another. ] But I haue prayed for thee, that thy faith faile not: therefore when thou art conuerted, strengthen thy brethren.
33 [Note: Mat 26.34. marke 14.39. iohn 13 38. ] [Note:  Christ sheweth that faith differeth much from a vaine securitie, in setting before vs the grieuous example of Peter. ] And he said vnto him, Lord, I am ready to goe with thee into prison, and to death.
34 But he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cocke shall not crowe this day, before thou hast thrise denied that thou knewest me.
35 ¶ And he saide vnto them, [Note: Matth.10.9. ] When I sent you without bagge, and scrip, and shooes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing.
36 [Note: [m] All this talke is by way of an allegorie, as if he said, O my friendes and fellowe souldiers, you haue liued hitherto as it were in peace: but nowe there is a most sharpe battell at hande to be fought, and therefore you must laye all other things aside, and thinke vpon furnishing your selues in armour. And what this armour is, hee shewed by his owne example, when hee prayed afterwarde in the garden, and reprooued Peter for striking with the sworde. ] Then he said to them, But nowe he that hath a bagge, let him take it, and likewise a scrip: and hee that hath none, let him sell his coate, and buy a sworde.
37 For I say vnto you, That yet the same which is written, must be perfourmed in me, [Note: Esai. 23.12. ] Euen with the wicked was he nombred: for doubtlesse those things which are written of me, haue an ende.
38 And they said, Lord, beholde, here are two swordes. And he said vnto them, It is ynough.
39 ¶ [Note: Matth.26.36. marke 14.32. iohn 18.1. ] And he came out, and went (as he was wont) to the mount of Oliues: and his disciples
[Drops of blood. Peters deniall.]
also followed him.
40 [Note: Matth.26.41. marke 14.38. ] [Note:  Christ hath made death acceptable vnto vs, by ouercomming in our name, all the horrours of death, which had ioyned with them, the curse of God. ] And when hee came to the place, hee said to them, Pray, lest ye enter into tentation.
41 [Note:  Prayers are a sure succour against the most perillous assaults of our enemies. ] And he was drawen aside from them about a stones cast, & kneeled downe, and prayed,
42 Saying, Father, if thou wilt, take away this cuppe from mee: neuerthelesse, not my will, but thine be done.
43 And there appeared an Angell vnto him from heauen, comforting him.
44 But being in an [Note: [n] This agonie sheweth that Christ stroue much, and was in great distresse: for Christ stroue not onely with the feares of death, as other men vse to doe, for so many Martyrs might seeme more costant then Christ, but with the fearefull iudgement of his angrie Father, which is the fearefullest thing in the world: and the matter was, for that he tooke the burden of all our sinnes vpon himselfe. ] agonie, hee prayed more earnestly: and his sweate was like [Note: [o] These doe not onely shewe that Christ was true man, but other things also which the godly haue to consider of, wherein the secret of the redemption of all mankinde is conteined in the Sonne of God his debasing himselfe to the state of a seruant: such things as no man can sufficiently declare. ] drops of blood, trickling downe to the ground.
45 [Note:  Men are vtterly sluggish, euen in their greatest dangers, vntill Christ stirre them vp. ] And he rose vp from prayer, and came to his disciples, & found them sleeping for heauinesse.
46 And he said vnto them, Why sleepe ye? rise and pray, least ye enter into tentation.
47 ¶ [Note: Matth.26.47. marke 14.43. iohn 18.3. ] [Note:  Christ is willingly betrayed and taken, that by his obedience he might deliuer vs, which were guiltie for the betraying of Gods glorie. ] And while he yet spake, beholde, a companie, and he that was called Iudas one of the twelue, went before them, and came neere vnto Iesus to kisse him.
48 And Iesus saide vnto him, Iudas, betrayest thou the Sonne of man with a kisse?
49 [Note:  That zeale which carieth vs out of the bounds of our vocation, pleaseth not Christ. ] Now when they which were about him, saw what would follow, they said vnto him, Lord, shall we smite with sworde?
50 And one of them smote a seruant of the hie Priest, and strooke off his right eare.
51 Then Iesus answered, and said, Suffer them thus farre: and he touched his eare, & healed him.
52 [Note:  Euen the very feare of them which toke Christ, prooueth partly their euill conscience, and partly also that all these thinges were done by Gods prouidence. ] Then Iesus said vnto the hie Priests, and captaines of the Temple, and the Elders which were come to him, Bee ye come out as vnto a theefe with swordes and staues?
53 When I was dayly with you in the Temple, yee stretched not foorth the handes against mee: but this is your very houre, and the [Note: [p] The power that was giuen to darkeneße, to oppresse the light for a season. ] power of darkenesse.
54 ¶ [Note: Matt.26 58. ] Then tooke they him, and led him, and brought him to the hie Priestes house. [Note:  We haue to beholde in Peter an example both of the fragilitie of mans nature, and of the singular goodnes of God towards his elect. ] And Peter followed afarre off.
55 [Note: Mat.26.58,69. mar.14.66. ioh. 18.25. ] And when they had kindled a fire in the middes of the hall, and were set downe together, Peter also sate downe among them.
56 And a certaine mayde behelde him as hee sate by the fire, and hauing well looked on him, said, This man was also with him.
57 But he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.
58 And after a little while, another man sawe him, and saide, Thou art also of them. But Peter said, Man, I am not.
59 And about the space of an houre after, a certaine other affirmed, saying. Verely euen this man was with him: for he is also a Galilean.
60 And Peter saide, Man, I knowe not what thou sayest. And immediatly while hee yet spake, the cocke crewe.
61 Then the Lorde turned backe, and looked vpon Peter: and Peter remembred the worde of the Lord, how he had said vnto him, [Note: Mat.26 34. ioh 13 38. ] Before the cocke crowe, thou shalt denie me thrise.
62 And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
63 ¶ [Note:  Christ bore the shame that was due to our sinnes. ] [Note: Mat.26.67. mar.14.65 ] And the men that helde Iesus, mocked him, and strooke him.
[Christ led to Pilate.]
64 And when they had blindfolded him, they smote him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophecie who it is that smote thee.
65 And many other thinges blasphemously spake they against him.
66 [Note: Matth.27.1. marke 15.1. iohn 18 28. ] [Note:  Christ is wrogfully condemned of blasphemie before the hie Priests iudgement seate, that we might be quit before God from the blasphemie which we deserued. ] And assoone as it was day, the Elders of the people, and the hie Priests and the Scribes came together, and led him into their councill,
67 Saying, Art thou that Christ? tell vs. And he said vnto them, If I tell you, ye wil not beleeue it.
68 And if also I aske you, you will not answere me, nor let me goe.
69 Hereafter shall the Sonne of man sit at the right hand of the power of God.
70 Then sayd they all, Art thou then ye Sonne of God? And he sayd to them, Ye say, that I am.
71 Then sayd they, What neede we any further witnes? for we our selues haue heard it of his owne mouth.
1 He is accused before Pilate. 7 He is sent to Herod. 11 He is mocked. 24 Pilate yeeldeth him vp to the Iewes request. 27 The women bewaile him. 33 He is crucified. 39 One of the theeues reuileth him: 43 The other is saued by fayth. 45 He dyeth. 53 He is buried.
1 Then [Note:  Christ, who is nowe ready to suffer for the sedition, which we raised in this world, is first of all pronounced guiltles, that it might appeare that he suffered not for his own sinnes (which were none) but for ours. ] the whole multitude of them arose, and led him vnto Pilate.
2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We haue found this man [Note: [a] Corrupting the people, and leading them into errours. ] peruerting the nation, [Note: Matth.22.21. marke 12.17. ] and forbidding to pay tribute to Cesar, saying, That he is Christ a King.
3 [Note: Matth.27.11. marke 15.2. iohn 18.33. ] And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Iewes? And hee answered him, and sayd, Thou sayest it.
4 Then sayd Pilate to the hie Priests, and to the people, I finde no fault in this man.
5 But they were the more fierce, saying, He moueth the people, teaching throughout all Iudea, beginning at Galile, euen to this place.
6 [Note:  Christ is a laughing stocke to Princes, but to their great smart. ] Nowe when Pilate heard of Galile, he asked whether the man were a Galilean.
7 And when he knewe that he was of [Note: [b] This was Herod Antipas the Tetrarch, in the time of whose gouernance, which was almost the space of 22. yeeres, Iohn the Baptist preached and was put to death, and Iesus Christ also dyed and rose againe, and the Apostles began to preach, and diuers things were done at Hierusalem almost seuen yeeres after Christs death. This Herod was sent into banishment to Zions, about the second yeere of Caius Cesar. ] Herods iurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, which was also at Hierusalem in those dayes.
8 And when Herod sawe Iesus, hee was exceedingly glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him, and trusted to haue seene some signe done by him.
9 Then questioned hee with him of many things: but he answered him nothing.
10 The hie Priests also & Scribes stood forth, and accused him vehemently.
11 And Herod with his [Note: [c] Accompanied with his Nobles & souldiers which followed him from Galile. ] men of warre, despised him, and mocked him, and arayed him in white, and sent him againe to Pilate.
12 [Note:  The hatred of godlinesse ioyneth the wicked together. ] And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were enemies one to another.
13 ¶ [Note:  Christ is quit the seconde time, euen of him of whom he is condemned, that it might appeare, how he being iust, redeemed vs which were vniust. ] Then Pilate called together the hie Priests and the [Note: [d] Those whome the Iewes called the Sanhedrin. ] rulers, and the people,
14 [Note: Matth.27.23. marke 15.14. iohn 18.34. ] And sayd vnto them, Ye haue brought this man vnto me, as one that peruerted the people: and beholde, I haue examined him before you, and haue found no fault in this man, of those things whereof ye accuse him:
15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him:
[The peoples rage.]
and loe, nothing worthy of death is done of him.
16 [Note:  The wisdome of the flesh, of two euils chuseth the lesse, but God curseth such counsels. ] I will therefore chastise him, and let him loose.
17 (For of necessitie hee must haue let one loose vnto them at the feast.)
18 Then all ye multitude cried at once, saying, Away with him, and deliuer vnto vs Barabbas:
19 Which for a certaine insurrection made in the citie, and murther, was cast in prison.
20 Then Pilate spake againe to them, willing to let Iesus loose.
21 But they cried, saying, Crucifie, crucifie him.
22 [Note:  Christ is quit the third time, before hee was condemned once, that it might appeare, howe that our sinnes were condemned in him. ] And he sayd vnto them the third time, But what euill hath he done? I finde no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him loose.
23 But they were instant with loude voyces, and required that he might be crucified: and the voyces of them and of the hie Priests preuailed.
24 So Pilate gaue sentence, that it should be as they required.
25 And he let loose vnto them him that for insurrection and murther was cast into prison, whome they desired, and deliuered Iesus to doe with him what they would.
26 ¶ [Note: Matth.27.32. marke 15.21. ] [Note:  An example of the outrageousnes and disorder of souldiers. ] And as they led him away, they caught one Simon of Cyrene, comming out of the fielde, and on him they layde the crosse, to beare it after Iesus.
27 [Note:  The triumph of the wicked, hath a most horrible end. ] And there followed him a great multitude of people, and of women, which women bewailed and lamented him.
28 But Iesus turned backe vnto them, & said, Daughters of Hierusalem, weepe not for me, but weepe for your selues, and for your children.
29 For behold, the dayes wil come, when men shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombes that neuer bare, and the pappes which neuer gaue sucke.
30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountaines, [Note: Isai.2.19. hose.10.8. reue. 6.16. ] Fall on vs: and to the hilles, Couer vs.
31 [Note: 1.Pet.4.17. ] For if they doe these things to a [Note: [e] As if he sayd, If they doe thus to me that am fruitfull, and alwayes florishing, and who liue for euer by reason of my Godhead, what will they doe to you, that are vnfruitfull and voyde of all liuely righteousnes? ] greene tree, what shalbe done to the drie?
32 [Note: Matth.27.38. marke 15.27. iohn 19.18. ] And there were two others, which were euill doers, led with him to be slaine.
33 [Note:  Christ became accursed for vs vpon the Crosse suffering the punishment which they deserued that would be Gods. ] And when they were come to the place, which is called Caluarie, there they crucified him, and the euill doers: one at the right hand, and the other at the left.
34 [Note:  Christ in praying for his enemies, sheweth that he is both the Sacrifice & the Priest. ] Then sayd Iesus, Father, forgiue them: for they know not what they doe. And they parted his raiment, and cast lottes.
35 And the people stoode, and behelde: and the rulers mocked him with them, saying, He saued others: let him saue himselfe, if hee be that Christ, the [Note: [f] Whome God loueth more then all other. ] Chosen of God.
36 The souldiers also mocked him, and came and offered him vineger,
37 And said, If thou be the King of the Iewes, saue thy selfe.
38 [Note:  Pilate at vnwares is made a preacher of the kingdom of Christ. ] And a superscription was also written ouer him, in Greeke letters, and in Latin, and in Hebrewe, This is that King of The Ievves.
39 ¶ [Note: [g] Therefore either we must take that spoken by Synecdoche which Matthewe sayth, or that both of them mocked Christ. But one of them at the length ouercome with the great patience of God, brake forth into that confession worthy all memorie. ] And [Note:  Christ in the midst of the humbling of himselfe vpon the crosse, sheweth in deede that he hath both power of life to saue the beleeuers, and of death to reuenge the rebellions. ] one of the euill doers, which were hanged, railed on him, saying, If thou be that Christ, saue thy selfe and vs.
40 But the other answered, and rebuked him, saying, Fearest thou not God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
[Christ is buried.]
41 We are in deede righteously here: for we receiue things worthy of that we haue done: but this man hath done nothing [Note: [h] More then he ought. ] amisse.
42 And he sayd vnto Iesus, Lorde, remember me, when thou commest into thy kingdome.
43 Then Iesus said vnto him, Verely I say vnto thee, to day shalt thou be with me in [Note: [i] God made the visible Paradise in the East part of the world: but that which we beholde with the eyes of our minute is the place of euerlasting ioye and saluation, through the goodnes and mercie of God, a most pleasant rest of the soules of the godly, and most quiet and ioyfull dwelling. ] Paradise.
44 ¶ [Note:  Christ being euen at the point of death, sheweth himselfe to be God almightie, euen to the blinde. ] And it was about the sixt houre: and there was a darkenes ouer all the land, vntill the ninth houre.
45 [Note:  Christ entreth stoutly into the very darkenes of death, for to ouercome death euen within his most secret places. ] And the Sunne was darkened, and the vaile of the Temple rent through the middes.
46 And Iesus cryed with a loude voyce, and sayd, [Note: Psalm.31.6. ] Father, into thine hands I commend my spirit. And when hee thus had sayd, hee gaue vp the ghost.
47 ¶ [Note:  Christ causeth his very enemies to giue honorable witnes on his side, so oft as it pleaseth him. ] Nowe when the Centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Of a suretie this man was iust.
48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things, which were done, smote their brestes, and returned.
49 [Note:  Christ gathereth together, and defendeth his litle stocke, in the midst of the tormentours. ] And all his acquaintance stood a farre off, and the women that followed him from Galile, beholding these things.
50 ¶ [Note: Matth.27.57. mark.13.43. iohn 19.38. ] [Note:  Christ through his famous buriall, confirmeth the trueth both of his death, and resurrection, by the plaine and euident witnesse of Pilate. ] And beholde, there was a man named Ioseph, which was a counseller, a good man and a iust.
51 Hee did not consent to the counsell and deede of them, which was of Arimathea, a citie of the Iewes: who also himselfe waited for the kingdome of God.
52 He went vnto Pilate, and asked the body of Iesus,
53 And tooke it downe, & wrapped it in a linnen cloth, and laide it in a tombe hewen out of a rocke, wherein was neuer man yet laide.
54 And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath [Note: [k] Word for word, dawning, as nowe beginning, for the light of the former day drewe toward the going downe, and that was the day of preparation for the feast which was to be kept the day folowing. ] drewe on.
55 [Note:  Christ being set vpon by the deuil and all his instruments, and being euen in deaths mouth, setteth weake women in his forewarde, minding straightwayes to triumph ouer those terrible enemies, without any great endeuour. ] And the women also that followed after, which came with him from Galile, behelde the sepulchre, and how his body was layd.
56 And they returned and prepared odours, and ointments, and rested the Sabbath day according to the commandement.
1 The women come to the sepulchre. 9 They report that which they heard of the Angels, vnto the Apostles. 13 Christ doeth accompany two going to Emmaus. 27 He expoundeth the Scriptures vnto them. 39 Hee offereth him selfe to his Apostles to be handled. 49 He promiseth the holy Ghost. 51 He is caried vp into heauen.
1 Nowe the [Note: Mark.16.1. iohn 20.1. ] [Note:  Poore silly women, euen beside their expectation are chosen to be the first witnesses of the resurrection, that there might be no suspicion either of deceite or violence. ] first day of the weeke [Note: [a] Very early, as Marke sayth, or as Iohn sayth, while it was yet darke, that is, when it was yet scarce the dawning of the day. ] early in the morning, they came vnto the sepulchre, and brought the odours, which they had prepared, and certaine women with them.
2 And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre,
3 And went in, but found not the body of the Lord Iesus.
4 And it came to passe, that as they were amased thereat, beholde, two men suddenly stood by them in shining vestures.
5 And as they were afraide, & bowed downe their faces to the earth, they sayd to them, Why seeke ye him that liueth, among the dead?
[Two disciples iourney to Emmaus.]
6 He is not here, but is risen: remember [Note: Chap.9.22. mat.17.23. mar. 9.31. ] how he spake vnto you, when he was yet in Galile,
7 Saying, that the sonne of man must be deliuered into the hands of sinfull men, and be crucified, and the third day rise againe.
8 And they remembred his wordes,
9 [Note:  The cowardly and dastardly mind of the disciples is vpbrayded by the stout courage of wome (so wrought by Gods great mercie) to shewe that the kingdome of God consisteth in an extraordinarie power. ] And returned from the sepulchre, & tolde all these things vnto the eleuen, and to all the remnant.
10 Now it was Mary Magdalene, and Ioanna, and Mary the mother of Iames, and other women with them, which tolde these things vnto the Apostles.
11 But their wordes seemed vnto them, as a fained thing, neither beleeued they them.
12 [Note: Iohn 20.6. ] [Note:  Christ vseth the incredulitie of his disciples, to ye fuller setting forth of the trueth of his resurrection, least they should seeme to haue beleeued that too lightly, which they preached afterward to all the world. ] Then arose Peter, and ran vnto the sepulchre, & [Note: [b] As it were holding downe his head and bowing his necke, looked diligently in. ] looked in, & saw the linnen clothes laide by themselues, and departed wondering in himselfe at that which was come to passe.
13 ¶ [Note: Marke 16.12. ] [Note:  The resurrection is proued by two other witnesses, which sawe it, and that it was no forged thing framed of purpose in their owne braines, all the circumstances doe declare. ] And beholde, two of them went that same day to a towne which was from Hierusalem about threescore furlongs, called Emmaus.
14 And they talked together of al these things that were done.
15 And it came to passe, as they communed together, and reasoned, that Iesus himselfe drewe neere, and went with them.
16 [Note: [c] Were holden backe and stayed, God so appointing it, no doubt: and therefore his body was not inuisible, but their eyes were dimmed. ] But their eyes were holden, that they could not know him.
17 And he sayd vnto them, What maner of communications are these that ye haue one to another as ye walke and are sad?
18 And [Note: [d] Some of the olde fathers thinke that the other disciple was this our Euangelist, but Epiphanius writing against the Saturnilians, sayth it was Nathanael, but all these are vncertainties. ] the one (named Cleopas) answered, and sayd vnto him, Art thou onely a stranger in Hierusalem, & hast not knowen the things which are come to passe therein in these dayes?
19 And he said vnto them, What things? And they sayd vnto him, Of Iesus of Nazareth, which was a Prophet, mightie in deede and in word before God, and all people,
20 [Note:  It appeareth by the conferring of the forewarnings of the Prophets, that all those things are true and certaine, which the Euangelists haue put downe in writing of Christ. ] And howe the hie Priests, and our rulers deliuered him to be condemned to death, and haue crucified him.
21 But we trusted that it had bene he yt should haue deliuered Israel, and as touching all these things, to day is ye third day, that they were done.
22 Yea, & certaine women among vs made vs astonied, which came early vnto the sepulchre.
23 And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seene a vision of Angels, which sayd, that he was aliue.
24 Therefore certaine of them which were with vs, went to the sepulchre, and found it euen so as the women had sayd, but him they saw not.
25 Then he sayd vnto them, O fooles and slowe of heart to beleeue all that the Prophets haue spoken!
26 Ought not Christ to haue suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
27 And he began at Moses, & at all the Prophets, and interpreted vnto them in all the Scriptures the things which were written of him.
28 And they drew neere vnto ye towne, which they went to, but he made as though hee would haue gone further.
29 But they constrained him, saying, Abide with vs: for it is towards night, & the day is farre spent. So he went in to tarie with them.
30 And it came to passe, as hee sate at table with them, he tooke the bread, and blessed, and
[Christ appeareth to his disciples, and ascendeth.]
brake it, and gaue it to them.
31 Then their eyes were opened, and they knewe him: and he was [Note: [e] Suddenly taken away, and therefore we may not imagine that he was there in such a bodie as could not be seene, but beleeue indeede that he changed his place. ] no more seene of them.
32 And they saide betweene themselues, Did not our heartes burne within vs, while he talked with vs by the way, and when he opened to vs the Scriptures?
33 And they rose vp the same houre, and returned to Hierusalem, and found the Eleuen gathered together, and them that were with them,
34 Which said, The Lord is risen in deede, and hath appeared to Simon.
35 Then they tolde what things were done in the way, and howe he was knowen of them in [Note: [f] When he brake bread, which that people vsed, as the Iewes vse yet at this day, at the beginning of their meales, and say a prayer. ] breaking of bread.
36 ¶ [Note: Mark.16.14. iohn 20.19. ] [Note:  The Lord him selfe sheweth by certaine and necessarie signes, that he was risen againe, and that in the same body which he tooke vpon him. ] And as they spake these things, Iesus himselfe stoode in the middes of them, and saide vnto them, Peace be to you.
37 But they were abashed and afraide, supposing that they had seene a spirit.
38 Then he saide vnto them, Why are ye troubled? and wherefore doe [Note: [g] Diuers and doubtfull thoughts which fall oft into mens heads, when any strange thing falleth out, whereof there is no great likelyhoode. ] doutes arise in your hearts?
39 Beholde mine handes and my feete: for it is I my selfe: handle me, and see: for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me haue.
40 And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and feete.
41 And while they yet beleeued not for ioy, and wondred, he saide vnto them, Haue ye here any meate?
[Christ appeareth to his disciples, and ascendeth.]
42 And they gaue him a piece of a broyled fish, and of an honie combe,
43 And hee tooke it, and did eate before them.
44 [Note:  The preaching of the Gospel, which was promised to the Prophets and performed in his time, is committed vnto the Apostles: the summe whereof is, Repentance and remission of sinnes. ] And he saide vnto them, These are the wordes, which I spake vnto you while I was yet with you, that all must be fulfilled which are written of me in the Lawe of Moses, and in the Prophets, and in the Psalmes.
45 Then opened he their vnderstanding, that they might vnderstand the Scriptures,
46 And said vnto them, Thus is it written, and thus it behoued Christ to suffer, and to rise againe from the dead the third day,
47 And that repentance, and remission of sinnes should be preached in his Name among all nations, [Note: [h] The Apostles who are the preachers of the Gospell beginning at Hierusalem. ] beginning at Hierusalem.
48 Nowe ye are witnesses of these things.
49 And beholde, I doe sende the [Note: Iohn 15.26. actes 1.4. ] promes of my Father vpon you: but tary ye in the citie of Hierusalem, [Note: [i] Vntill the holy Ghost come downe from heauen vpon you. ] vntill ye be endued with power from an hie.
50 [Note:  Christ ascendeth into heauen, and departing bodily from his disciples, filleth their heartswith the holy Ghost. ] Afterward he lead them out into Bethania, and lift vp his hands, and blessed them.
51 And it came to passe, that as he blessed them, [Note: Mark.16.19. actes 1.9. ] he departed from them, and was caried vp into heauen.
52 And they worshipped him, and returned to Hierusalem with great ioy,
53 And were continually in the Temple, praysing, and lauding God, Amen.